Good Day! DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 11/13/09 , Topic: Congress-Lobbying 2) On the next line, write “ Opener #42 ” and then: 1) Plot your mood, reflect in 1 sent . 2) Respond to the opener by writing at least 2 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Other things going on in the news. Announcements: None Intro Music: Untitled
Dalip Singh Saund (1957–1963) First Asian American in Congress
Agenda 1) Lobbying Introduction What you will be able to do: 1) Know how to lobby Reminder 1) No homework
Review 1) Committee: Small groups with in H + S, for efficiency + experience . 1) Committee votes: 1/2+ 2) Floor votes: 1/2+ (If a Senate filibuster, 60+ for S) 3) Other chamber: (H or S) 4) Conference Comm: Works out differences, then both floors vote again (1/2+) 5) Pres Signs or Override Veto: 2/3 H + S
2 ) Kinds of Incentives for Congressmembers : a) Money: Need to run for re-election (2 or 6 yrs) (you a donor, party leadership money, + president star power all sources) b) President: Veto your bills (2/3 vote to override) pres/exec branch can not be helpful, pres can campaign for you/against you, not invite to parties c) Media: Need to not look bad to voters d) Beliefs: Personal desire to do what’s right e) Voter Demands: Voter input in visits to office, letters, phones, emails, and faxes REMEMBER GOVT WORKS FOR YOU!
Notes #42a , Title: “ Lobbying Notes ” 1) Lobbying : Act of persuading congress a) Expert info , provide research (think tanks) b) Donate money (if SIG donates, it’s a PAC) c) Using the media (letters to the editor, press release, rallies, protest, other attention getters) d) Campaigning for or against them either with them or independently (talk to voters, mail ads) e) Sue in court to pressure Congress 2) Buckley v Valeo (1976) : Court states political speech is the most protected, money=speech ANYONE CAN DONATE OR SPEND ON CAMPAIGNS, THOSE WHO DO HAVE POWER! THOSE WHO BUNDLE EVEN MORE POWER!
Notes #42a , Title: “ Lobbying Notes ” Education Case Study: 3) NEA/CTA : Teacher’s union donates to support teachers + promote liberal causes ( mostly ads ). 4) Make Your Own Special Interest Group (SIG) : No permission needed, anyone can start a SIG: a) Bring together ppl on a common cause b) Investigate candidates’ position on your cause c) Endorse candidates d) Donate part of member dues to candidate (PAC) e) Members campaign for the candidate f) Monitor if candidate defends your cause, otherwise, support other in next election
Work #42a , Title “ Lobbying ” Work with partner ( include their name ), think of which lobbying tool from your Notes 40b, 2a-e would each group use first (many SIGs use every method): 1) College student animal rights group 2) Coalition of cell phone service companies 3) Statewide gay rights group 4) Nationwide global warming group 5) For your teen special interest group, which methods can teens best utilize? 6) Come up with your own SIG ( be creative ) Be prepared to present.
Notes #42a , Title: “ Lobbying Notes ” 3) Pork barreling : Passing laws that bring jobs to their community AND/OR SIGs a) Earmarks : Adding wording to a bill for spending on a very specific item. b) Riders : Adding something to a bill that has nothing to do with bill (earmarks can be riders)
CA High Speed Rail $40 Billion Dollar Project Price Tag
Boston Underground Freeway $20 Billion Dollar Project Total
Current Debt: $12 Trillion This Year’s Contribution : $1 Trillion Per Tax Payer: $80,000 Per American: $40,000
Work #42a , Title “ Making Earmarks and Riders ” Riders can be earmarks , earmarks can be riders , but not always. Rider (off topic) isn’t related to the main content of the bill, earmarks ($) sometimes are related, sometimes aren’t. Work with partner ( include their name ): 1) Create a earmark (think of something in Cupertino you want Honda to spend federal tax money on ( pork spending ). 2) Create a rider to the education bill we will write tomorrow that has NOTHING to do with education .
Work #42b , “ Pork Barrel Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 <ul><li>CON: Honda should make sure the country overall is better off </li></ul><ul><li>Our rep defends the country </li></ul><ul><li>2) If we spend like this, we’ll go deeper into debt </li></ul>PRO: Honda’s job is to bring home pork to Cupertino 1) We elect a local rep to defend local needs 2) If we don’t fight for federal tax money to be used here, other ppl will take it all for their places
Review 1) House of Reps : 435 members, 2 year terms 2) Senate : 100 members, 6 year terms 3) Commiteees : Investigate and edit bills + problems 4) Committee Chairpersons : Set com. schedule 5) Speaker of the House/Senate Majority Leader : Picks committees and sends bills to committee: goal is to keep party disciplined 6) Committee Vote : Over 1/2 7) Floor Vote : Over 1/2 8) Filibuster : Senator’s power to delay a bill to death 9) Cloture : 60 votes to stop filibuster 10) Veto : President kills the bill 11) Veto Override : 2/3 to override presidential veto 12) Earmarks : Bill wording that specifices spending 13) Riders : Adding to a bill something off topic
Review All committee: votes: 1/2+ All floor votes: 1/2+ (60% to stop Senate filibuster) Override presidential veto: 2/3 of HoR + S
Introduced in House or Senate by Mr. Chiang 1) Speaker of the House or Senate Majority Leader will send it to committees. The Whip will deliver it. 2) Committee Chairman will priorities bills and lead committee discussion and write down committee edits. 3) Chairman holds Committee Votes ( 1/2+) 4) Send to Any Other Committee Listed. In House, Rules Committee is the Last Place Before a Floor Vote 5) Bills Ready for the Floor are Sent to Speaker of the House or Senate Majority Leader 6) Floor Debate (In Senate, Senators Can Attempt Filibusters, 60% to Stop ) 7) Floor Vote ( 1/2+) 8) Sent to Other Chamber ( Steps 1-7 again ) 9) Conference Committee Works Out Differences (skip in simulation) 10) President Signs or Congress Attempts Override ( 2/3 )
Review-Congress a) Create new laws ( bill : not yet passed law)
Review-Congress b) Research new laws and monitor if the Executive Branch is enforcing old laws (hearings)
Review-Congress c) Help constituents/citizens (case work)
Homework: 1) No homework. Simulation Role Selection