082409 Gov Team Philosophy 1 50m

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082409 Gov Team Philosophy 1 50m

  1. 1. WELCOME, PLEASE SIT IN THE SAME SEAT LIDS DOWN, BUT COMPUTERS ON
  2. 2. Agenda 1) District Question Introduction 2) Political Philosophy Part 1 of 2 Essential Question 1) What is life like without government? Reminder 1) Schedule City Hall Rehearsals 1: November 23rd and 30th are available.  2-3: January 20th,21st,25th,27th and 28th are available.
  3. 3. HOMEWORK: 1) Schedule and begin September’s unit meetings on researching congressional Q’s (8 hrs). To be ready for comp, your unit must research/discuss/debate (from multi-viewpoints) each “ WHAT DO YOU THINK ” and “ REVIEWING AND USING THE LESSON ” section of your unit. After that, your unit should explore beyond the book.
  4. 6. Review 1) Freedom : Self control over your mind & body 2) Natural Rights (John Locke): Theory we are born with total control (we choose to give up some freedom) 3) Civil Liberties : Right to freedom (mind, body, property) 4) Civil Rights : Right to be treated equally (racism/sexism/classism)
  5. 7. Notes #1 , Title: “ Political Philosophy ” 1) Fundamental Role of Gov : Provide more security than individuals can for themselves. 2) Anarchy (State of Nature) : Life with no gov (gangs + private security can be like a gov) 3) Hobbes (1588) : State of nature so bad, even a dictator (monarch) is better. 4) Social Contract : You exchange obedience to the gov for protection (K=contract). 5) Rule of Law : Ppl obey laws b/c out of respect or fear for our K. 6) Locke (1632) : Ppl born w rights, but give up for safety, if not safe, then they can break K. 7) Social Contract is a Collective Belief: If enough people believe it, it become real, through the sheer number of people.
  6. 8. Alternative View of Role of Gov : Those with power force people to submit, “ force theory .” Expired View of Role of Gov : Faith that rulers were “chosen” to rule, “ divine rule theory .”
  7. 9. Notes #1 , Title: “ Political Philosophy ” 1) Fundamental Role of Gov : Provide more security than individuals can for themselves.
  8. 10. Notes #1 , Title: “ Political Philosophy ” 2) Anarchy (State of Nature) : Life with no gov (gangs + private security can be like a gov)
  9. 11. Notes #1 , Title: “ Political Philosophy ” 2) Anarchy (State of Nature) : Life with no gov (gangs + private security can be like a gov when no gov exist)
  10. 13. Notes #1 , Title: “ Political Philosophy ” 3) Hobbes (1588): State of nature so bad, even a dictator (monarch) is better.
  11. 14. Hobbes’ Leviathan (1660) Whatsoever therefore is consequent to a time of war , where every man is enemy to every man , the same consequent to the time wherein men live without other security than what their own strength ... In such condition there is no place for industry , because the fruit thereof is uncertain: and consequently no culture of the earth... worst of all, continual fear , and danger of violent death ; and the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short .
  12. 15. Hobbes’ Leviathan (1660) Whatsoever therefore is consequent to a time of war , where every man is enemy to every man , the same consequent to the time wherein men live without other security than what their own strength ... In such condition there is no place for industry , because the fruit thereof is uncertain: and consequently no culture of the earth... worst of all, continual fear , and danger of violent death ; and the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short .
  13. 16. English Civil War 1641–1651
  14. 17. Notes #1 , Title: “ Political Philosophy ” 4) Social Contract : You exchange obedience to the gov for protection (K=contract).
  15. 18. Notes #1 , Title: “ Political Philosophy ” 5) Rule of Law : Ppl obey laws b/c out of respect or fear for our K.
  16. 19. Notes #1 , Title: “ Political Philosophy ” 6) Locke (1632) : Ppl born w rights, but give up for safety, if not safe, then they can break K.
  17. 20. Notes #1 , Title: “ Political Philosophy ” 6) Locke (1632) : Ppl born w rights, but give up for safety, if not safe, then they can break K.
  18. 21. Locke’s 2 nd Treatise (1690) No one ought to harm another in his life, liberty, or possessions ... to avoid this state of war is one great reason of men's putting themselves into society , and quitting the state of nature... revolutions happen not upon every little mismanagement in public affairs. Great mistakes in the ruling part, many wrong and inconvenient laws, and all the slips of human frailty, will be born by the people without mutiny or murmur. But if a long train of abuses …
  19. 22. Locke’s 2 nd Treatise (1690) No one ought to harm another in his life, liberty, or possessions ... to avoid this state of war is one great reason of men's putting themselves into society , and quitting the state of nature... revolutions happen not upon every little mismanagement in public affairs. Great mistakes in the ruling part, many wrong and inconvenient laws, and all the slips of human frailty, will be born by the people without mutiny or murmur. But if a long train of abuses …
  20. 23. Declaration of Independence (1776) We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal , that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights , that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness . — That to secure these rights , Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed , — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends , it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government .
  21. 26. Notes #1 , Title: “ Political Philosophy ” 7) Social contract is a Collective Belief: If enough people believe it, it become real, through the sheer number of people. Iran Green Revolution (6/2009)
  22. 27. Notes #1 , Title: “ Political Philosophy ” 1) Fundamental Role of Gov : Provide more security than individuals can for themselves. 2) Anarchy (State of Nature) : Life with no gov (gangs + private security can be like a gov) 3) Hobbes (1588) : State of nature so bad, even a dictator (monarch) is better. 4) Social Contract : You exchange obedience to the gov for protection (K=contract). 5) Rule of Law : Ppl obey laws b/c out of respect or fear for our K. 6) Locke (1632) : Ppl born w rights, but give up for safety, if not safe, then they can break K. 7) Social Contract is a Collective Belief: If enough people believe it, it become real, through the sheer number of people.
  23. 28. Declaration of Independence (1776) We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal , that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights , that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness . — That to secure these rights , Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed , — That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends , it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government .
  24. 29. Work #1a , “ State of Nature Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: State of Nature Good 1) Most violence is committed by govt 2) Gov waste ppl’s resources (taxes) 3) People are fundamentally peaceful PRO: State of Nature Bad 1) With no govt, people will resort to violence 2) No incentive for hard work b/c of theft 3) People are fundamentally violent
  25. 31. Work #1b , “ Rule of Law Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: Laws should be obeyed when there is a purpose, not just because 1) If we follow the law blindly we will end up with bad laws. 2) Laws have power when they make sense PRO: People should stop at a stop sign even no one is there, it’s the law 1) If we let invid. decide to when to obey laws, it’ll be chaos. 2) Laws have power when they are consistent
  26. 33. Work #1c , “ Secession Debate ” 1) Read the 2 sides, choose 1 side, and write which you choose and explain why . 2) Then write down what your partner thinks ( include their name at the end ). 1 2 3 4 5 CON: People can only secede when there has been gross abuses by the gov for a long time 1) Gov makes mistakes, but it’s like a marriage, you work it out. 2) Gov doesn’t need confidence, it can rule through fear (punishment) PRO: If a super majority of a region’s people (like over 75%) want to secede from the gov, they can 1) Gov is a K, like a biz deal, we don’t like the service, we go find new one 2) Gov needs the confidence of its ppl
  27. 37. 7 Project Steps 1) As a unit, develop a common vision and assign roles. Tip: Have people go and research different sources . 2) One person creates/shares the work and creates place holders. Tip: Do segments of your work offline and then upload to section . 3) Keep track of time, task requirements, and emotional wellness. Tip: Clearly assigned roles, planning, and awareness are essential. 4) When done, double check task requirements and aesthetics. Tip: Slides: font bigger than 30, strategic use of A/V multimedia. 6) Share with Chiang: chiangwork@gmail.com 7) Rehearse and complement each other on a job well done.
  28. 38. Go to: http://govteam.pbworks.com/ for today’s project. Follow the 7 Project Steps
  29. 39. Class Beliefs 1) Be fearless and all heart. You have the power to empower others.
  30. 40. Class Beliefs 2) Step up, open up, and take risks. You get what you put in.
  31. 41. Class Beliefs 3) Be your true self. Learn and acknowledge who other people truly are.
  32. 42. Class Beliefs 4) Challenge ideas, not the messenger. Never stop questioning!
  33. 43. Class Beliefs 5) Ask for help, accept help, offer help. Be inclusive, leave no one out. .
  34. 44. Class Beliefs 6) Be responsible, you affect others. If you lose someone’s trust, earn it back.
  35. 45. If you lose someone’s trust, earn it back. Common ways to lose Chiang’s trust, being late, disrespectful, or unreliable to your unit .
  36. 46. HOMEWORK: 1) Schedule and begin September’s unit meetings on researching congressional Q’s (8 hrs). To be ready for comp, your unit must research/discuss/debate (from multi-viewpoints) each “ WHAT DO YOU THINK ” and “ REVIEWING AND USING THE LESSON ” section of your unit. After that, your unit should explore beyond the book.

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