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050211 gov congress 100m

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050211 gov congress 100m

  1. 1. DRAW A LINE SEPARATING TODAY & YESTERDAY 1) Write: Date: 05/05/11 , Topic: Cong Sim: Edu Bill 2) Next line, write “ Opener #54 ” and then: 1) Write 1 high + 1 low in last 24 hours 2) Rate your understanding of yesterday: lost < 1-5 > too easy (3 is perfect) 3) Respond to the Opener by writing at least 1 sentences about : Your opinions/thoughts OR/AND Questions sparked by the clip OR/AND Summary of the clip OR/AND Announcements: None
  2. 2. Agenda 1) Congress Introduction What you will be able to do: 1) Know how Congress works for you Reminder 1) Complete podcast
  3. 3. Review , Title: “ Congress Notes ” 1) How a Bill Becomes a Law 1) Committee votes: 1/2+ 2) Floor votes: 1/2+ (If a Senate filibuster, 60+ to stop filibuster, 60 is key !) 3) Other chamber: (H or S) 4) Conference Comm: Work out any differences, then both H+S vote again (1/2+) 5) Pres Signs or Override Veto: 2/3 H+S to override
  4. 4. Notes #54a , Title: “ Congressional Powers ” 1) Unique Senate Power : a) Amendments : Any senator can suggest bill edits ( even riders ) b) Riders : Additions that are off topic c) Earmarks : Specifying spending (on/off topic) d) Filibuster : Any senator can talk to delay a bill ( Cloture: 60 votes stop filibuster e) Confirm Presidential Appointees : 1/2+ f) Ratify Treaties : 2/3+
  5. 5. Notes #54a , Title: “ Congressional Powers ” 2) Unique HoR Power : a) Introduce taxes : Only HoR has Ways + Means Com. to introduce taxes Reminder that the House is more extreme and has more rules, why they have a Rules Committee.
  6. 6. 2) Most Powerful Member of Congress Speaker of the House and Senate Majority Leader : Leaders elected by their party. Keeps party order by picking which com. you are in and which committee’s bills are sent to. Speaker of the House: John Boehner (R) House Minority: Nancy Pelosi (D) Senate Majority Leader: Harry Reid (D) Senate Minority Leader: Mitch McConnell (R) Powerful Members: House Rules Chairperson: David Dreier House Ways & Means: Dave Camp House Finance: Spencer Bachus House Appropriations: Jerry Lewis Senate Appropriations: Daniel Inouye Senate Judiciary: Patrick Leahy
  7. 7. 4) Tools Party Leader Can Use : Committee Assignments (majority appoints chairs) Office Space Raise Campaign Funds (DSCC, DCCC, NRSC, NRCC)
  8. 8. Diane Feinstein’s Committees (Former SF Mayor) Appropriations Judiciary Barbara Boxer’s Committees (Career Politician) Commerce+Science Environment*, Foreign Relations Ethics* Mike Honda’s Committees (Sunnyvale HS Teacher) Appropriations *Chair of that committee
  9. 9. <ul><li>Journ #54a , Title “ Role of Congress ” </li></ul><ul><li>1) What kind of laws should Congressman Honda make?, Rank A-E </li></ul><ul><li>2) Record partner’s answer </li></ul><ul><li>Laws that benefit the politician (PAC money) </li></ul><ul><li>Laws based on what ONLY benefits his/her local community (pork barrel), but won’t benefit the nation </li></ul><ul><li>c) Laws based on what the politician thinks is best for the whole nation </li></ul><ul><li>d) Laws based on what the voters in his community want him/her to do </li></ul><ul><li>e) Laws based on what the politician personally thinks is best </li></ul><ul><li>Building a new fighter jet: </li></ul><ul><li>Pass law appropriating money for aircraft company that donates to the politician. </li></ul>
  10. 10. F-22 Fighter Program Cost: $62 billion, $150 million per plane. Parts of it are built in 200 congressional districts.
  11. 11. F-35 Fighter Program Cost: $320 billion, $122 million per plane. Cost of 2 nd engine (if built in Speaker Boehner’s dist: $3 billion)
  12. 12. X-47 Program Cost: $20 million each
  13. 13. Journ #54b , Title “ Role of Congress ” Building a new fighter jet, how should Honda vote: a) Pass law appropriating money for aircraft company that will build part of the jet in your community , even if it makes the jet more expensive . b) Pass law appropriating money for aircraft company that will build part of the jet in the most efficient manner, but will bring no jobs to your community . c) Voting against the law appropriating money for aircraft company because your community voter’s are against military spending , though you are for it. d) Voting against the law appropriating money for aircraft company because you personally are against it . 1) Write what your partner wrote ( include their name ) between A & B, and C & D
  14. 14. Cost if not built: $11 billion
  15. 16. Journal #54c , Title “ Video: ” 1) Copy Source Title: A 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Journal Sections Time Bookmark: 00:00
  16. 17. Notes #54b , Title: “ Congress Notes ” 3) Kinds of Motivations for Congressmembers : a) Money: Need to run for re-election (2 or 6 yrs) (you a donor, party leadership money, + president star power all sources) b) President: Veto your bills (2/3 vote to override) pres/exec branch can not be helpful, pres can campaign for you/against you, not invite to parties c) Media: Need to not look bad to voters d) Beliefs: Personal desire to do what’s right e) Voter Demands: Voter input in visits to office, letters, phones, emails, and faxes REMEMBER GOVT WORKS FOR YOU!
  17. 18. Review How a Bill Becomes a Law 1) Committee votes: 1/2+ 2) Floor votes: 1/2+ (If a Senate filibuster, 60+ to stop filibuster, 60 is key !) 3) Other chamber: (H or S) 4) Conference Comm: Work out any differences, then both H+S vote again (1/2+) 5) Pres Signs or Override Veto: 2/3 H+S to override
  18. 20. Look For Their Locations House of Reps Hearing Room House of Reps: Speaker’s Office (GOP) House of Reps: Minority Leader’s Office (DEM) House of Reps: Appropriations Committee House of Reps: Education Committee House of Reps: Rules Committee Senate Hearing Room Senate: Majority Leader’s Office (DEM) Senate: Minority Leader’s Office (GOP) Senate: Appropriations Committee Senate: Education Committee Conference Committee Congressional Pages White House Supreme Court Lobbyist (K-Street)
  19. 21. Write 2 Bills: 1 on anything costing money, 2: Pre-School Elementary School Middle School High School Higher Education Community College College Past Ideas: Organic food in schools, global sports education, $20,000 extra money for teaching in worst schools, removing tenure at low test score schools, laptops for poor kids, end sports programs in urban poor schools and spend that money on better education.
  20. 22. Roles 1) Congress: Write bills, hold hearings, edit, vote 2) Leader/Speaker: Prioritize, deliver bills to committees 3) Minority Leaders: Hover com chairs to keep party in line 4) Pres/Lobbyists: Convince Congress to follow your lead Checks = EC!
  21. 23. Roles 1) Congress: Write bills, hold hearings, edit, vote 2) Leader/Speaker: Prioritize, deliver bills to committees 3) Minority Leaders: Hover com chairs to keep party in line 4) Pres/Lobbyists: Convince Congress to follow your lead Checks = EC!
  22. 29. Congress Simulation You will be simulating Congress, with a focus on education reform (K-12, com college, & higher ed). There will be chances to EC during the sim Simulation Dates: Thursday: Bill Writing Friday: Committee Hearings Monday: Floor Debates & Votes
  23. 30. Role Selection 1) Rank your top 5 choices. 2) Write down the first name of who get’s each role HW: Find 4 sources on your person’s (bio, general ideology, edu policy) Keep this sheet, it is important for the simulation .
  24. 31. Notes #54a , Title: “ Education Notes ” 1) Student Pop : K12: 50 mil stu (avg per pupil spending $10,000yr, $500bil), College: 12 mil stu 2) Federal Mandate : Do what fed law says or you’ll lose fed funding (unfunded mandate is an order that does not give extra money to do it) 3) No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB, 2001) : Every student must make progress on std tests or the school will face punishment. 4) Race to the Top (RTTP, 2009) : To get stimulus$ schools must track teacher perf on student tests, reward test improv, support charter schls 5) Standards : Determine common knowledge and skills every child must meet in a subject, by test 6) Tenure : Req gross negligence to fire after 2yrs 7) Charter Schools : Allow stu to attend start up pub schools, gov per pupil spending follow stu 8) Vouchers : Give directly to parents some/all gov per pupil spending to spend at priv school 9) Small Learning Communities : Breaking large schools into tracked small houses/academies. 10) 21 st Learning : Req more authentic project based learning and less unauthentic std tests
  25. 32. Notes #a , Title: “ Education Notes ” 1) Student Pop : K12: 50 mil stu (avg per pupil spending $10,000yr, $500bil), College: 12 mil stu 2) Federal Mandate : Do what fed law says or you’ll lose fed funding (unfunded mandate is an order that does not give extra money to do it) 3) No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB, 2001) : Every student must make progress on std tests or the school will face punishment. 4) Race to the Top (RTTP, 2009) : To get stimulus$ schools must track teacher perf on student tests, reward test improv, support charter schls 5) Standards : Determine common knowledge and skills every child must meet in a subject, by test 6) Tenure : Req gross negligence to fire after 2yrs 7) Charter Schools : Allow stu to attend start up pub schools, gov per pupil spending follow stu 8) Vouchers : Give directly to parents some/all gov per pupil spending to spend at priv school 9) Small Learning Communities : Breaking large schools into tracked small houses/academies. 10) 21 st Learning : Req more authentic project based learning and less unauthentic std tests
  26. 38. CA Spending Per Capita Highways - 50th K-12 - 44 th ($7,500 per pupil) Higher Ed - 39th Welfare - 22nd Health - 13th Corrections (Prisons) - 4 th Source: American Council on Intergovernmental
  27. 47. 2006 OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment US ranked 29, above Slovak Republic and below Latvia
  28. 54. Notes #54a , Title: “ School Reform Notes ” 1) School Structure Reform Ideas : a) Small Learning Communities b) Themed (Majors) Schools c) At Risk-Gifted (Tracked) Schools 2) School Competition Reform Ideas : a) Charters (public school choice) b) Vouchers (give u $ to go private) 3) Teacher Reform Ideas : a) Tie Teacher Evals to Student Performance b) Reducing Union Power/Tenure (2yrs) c) Pay Teachers More for Teaching Hard Schools d) Train Teachers to Use More Effective Methods 4) Student Reform Ideas : a) Provide Students Tech Resources (Laptops) b) Pay Students
  29. 60. Notes #54a , Title: “ School Reform Notes ” 5) Parent Reform Ideas : a) Fine or jail parents of low performing students b) Train parents to better support students
  30. 61. Write your bill… K-12 Elementary School Middle School High School Higher Education Community College College Past Ideas: Organic food in schools, global sports education, $20,000 extra money for teaching in worst schools, removing tenure at low test score schools, laptops for poor kids, end sports programs in urban poor schools and spend that money on better education.
  31. 62. Journ #54a , Title “ Video: Education Reform ” 1) Copy Source Title: Waiting for Superman 2…) Discuss questions on the board with a partner. Summarize your discussion ( include their name at the end ). Remember participation points are deducted if off task. 5 Reading/Film Qs Come From These Work Sections Time Bookmark: 00:00
  32. 63. Homework: 1) Study today’s notes + journal sections for a possible journal quiz . 2) Pick and listen to your 4 news podcast by next Monday. Journal Check: If your name is called, drop off your journal with Mr. Chiang ( if requested, points lost if your journal is not turned in )

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