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Eero Saarinen


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my attempt on a brief study about EERO SAARINEN's life, background, education, inspiration ,idealogy, designs created by EERO

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Eero Saarinen

  1. 1. EERO SAARINEN Architect and Industrial Designer GOUTHAM NAIK
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION ▪ Eero Saarinen was a Finnish American architect and industrial designer of the 20th century ▪ He was born on 20th of august, 1910, Finland and passed away on 1st September of 1961, united states.  Famous for shaping his neofuturistic style according to the demands of the project  In 1934, Saarinen graduated from the school of architecture at yale university.  He was taught that each object should be designed in its “next largest context” - a chair in a room , a room in a house , a house in an environment , environment in a cityplan
  4. 4. BACKGROUND ▪ His father, Eliel Saarinen, was an architect and his mother, Louise gesellius, a sculptor ▪ In 1923 the sarrinen’s family emigrated to U.S ▪ Eero studied sculpture at the academie de la grande chauiere before studying architecture at yale university ▪ A yale scholarship enabled eero to travel to Europe again but he returned to the US in 1936 to work in his father’s architectural practice.
  5. 5. EARLY CAREER ▪ Eero Saarinen also took up a teaching appointment at the crankbrook academy in which his father eliel Saarinen had been head ▪ When his father died in 1950, he took over his practice , running it as “SAARINEN & ASSOCIATES” in brimingham ▪ Experimenting with Charles eames he developed new furniture forms ▪ Later Saarinen and eames took part in the “organic design in home furnishings” competition ▪ Later he developed many good furniture designs like single legged “tulip chair” which became very popular
  6. 6. CAREER ▪ He moved on to the building designs from the chair designs. ▪ His architectural ,masterpiece is the signature TWA-Terminal at J.F.Kennedy airport ▪ Dulles international airport was designed his career before his death. INSPIRATIONS & INFLUENCES:  Eero Saarinen’s father being an architect inspired him towards architecture and had influenced a lot
  7. 7. IDEOLOGY ▪ Eero Saarinen believed “Always design a thing by considering it in its next larger context a chair in a room , a room in a house, a house in an environment, an environment in a city plan
  8. 8. VIEW ON MODERNISM:  As an architect, Saarinen became the leader of the 2nd generation of modernists.  He built on his predecessors work using new construction technology to create  modern architectural forms, but disparaged the simple, abstract compositions of early modernism  He refused to develop singular style , preffering to flex the designs to the needs of the clients
  9. 9. TYPOLOGY ▪ He designs buildings in a irregular manner ▪ Uses concrete as major building material  “The purpose of architecture is to shelter and enhance man’s life on earth and to fulfill his belief in the nobility of his existence.” QUOTES BY EERO SAARINEN:
  10. 10. EERO SAARINEN’S PROJECTS ▪ Crank brook school for boys furnishings , blooms field hills ▪ Saarinen house furnishings , Bloomfield hills ▪ Kingswood school for girls furnishings , Bloomfield hills ▪ Hvittrask studio and home , kirkkonummi , Michigan ▪ Swedish theatre , Helsinki , Finland ▪ Fenton community center , Fenton ▪ J.F spencer house , Grosse pointe Farms ▪ Klein Hans’s music hall, buffalo, New York. ▪ Crow island school, Winnetka , Illinois
  11. 11. EERO SAARINEN’S PROJECTS ▪ Berkshire music center buildings , Lenox , Massachusetts ▪ Eero Saarinen house , Bloomfield hills ▪ General motors technical center , warren , Michigan ▪ University of Michigan , school of music , Ann arbor ▪ IBM manufacturing & training facility, Rochester Minnesota. ▪ TWA terminal , new York city ▪ Hill college house , Philadelphia , Pennsylvania ▪ Dulles international airport , Chantilly ▪ Athens airport, Athens, Greece
  12. 12. CASE STUDIES ▪ Project Information Location: New York Architect: Eero Saarinen, along with Kevin Roche, Cesar Pelli, Edward Saad, & Norman Pettula Completion: 28 May 1962 Client: Ralph Dawson, Trans World Airlines at JFK International Airport. TWA TERMINAL
  13. 13. DESIGN:  design was creating a smooth passage through the terminal  Final solution consisted of creating 4 adjacent shells counterbalancing each other  Final scheme used 3 different sized configurations of curved, diamond shaped shells supported by 4 curvilinear shaped columns  But coincidentally the structure’s design looked like a bird ready to take off or landing
  14. 14. NORTH CHRISTIAN CHURCH ▪ Project information: Location : Columbus , Indiana Architect: Eero Saarinen Date : 1959 to 1963 Building Type : Church  This was the last building designed by eero saarinen before his death
  15. 15. DESIGN  The building is hexagonal in shape , with central spire which is 59 m high  The sanctuary is located at the centre of the building ,with a altar located at the centre of the sanctuary ▪ The sanctuary is located at the centre of the building , with a altar located at the centre of the sanctuary
  16. 16. GATEWAY ARCH :  Project Information Location: , St. Louis, United States Architect: Eero Saarinen, Completion: 28 May 1962 project time period : February 12, 1963 to October 28, 1965
  17. 17. DESIGN ▪ The Arch: The St. Louis Gateway Arch is in the form of an inverted catenary, which is a very stable structure that is often used in bridges,domes, and arches. ▪ the pioneer spirit of the men and women
  18. 18. BOOKS  Saarinen and his firm won the competition in 1956 to design a terminal that captured “the spirit of flight” AWARDS  Eero Saarinen on His Work , written by eero Saarinen  Eero Saarinen , shaping the future
  19. 19. CONCLUSION ▪ Eero builts ▪ There were many critics to eero Saarinen in the beginning but later people adapted his neo futuristic style of architecture ▪ His legacy continued even after his death
  20. 20. BIBILOGRAPHY ▪ Richard Guy Wilson, (2000). “America's Castles”, Newspaper Moguls, the American Swedish Institute, Pittock Mansion. ▪ Roman Antonio (2003), “Eero Saarinen”, Princeton Architectural Press, New York. ▪ Serraino Pierluigi (2006). “Saarinen, a Structural Expressionist”, Taschen, Koln. ▪ Merkel Jayne, (2005), “Eero Saarinen”. Phaidon Press, London. ▪ Pelkonen, Eeva-Liisa (2006). “Eero Saarinen”. Yale University Press, New Haven. ▪ Saarinen Aline B, (1968). “Eero Saarinen on his work”. Yale University Press, New Haven ▪ Knight Richard (2008). “Saarinen's Quest, a Memoir”, William Stout Publishers, San Francisco. ▪ Eero Saarinen (1968),”eero Saarinen on his works”, Yale University press, new haven. ▪ Donald Albrecht (2011),”Eero Saarinen, Shaping the future”, Yale university press, New haven.