Public holidays In poland Gimnazjum Anna Vasa GOLUB-DOBRZYŃ POLAND
1st January NEW YEAR'S DAY <ul><li>The New Year's Day and its eve, known in Poland as Sylwester (St. Silvester's Day), begins the carnival - a period of balls and parties. Most families would have a lavish dinner on that day, often together with their relatives. </li></ul>
EASTER SUNDAY AND MONDAY 4th and 5th April 2010 <ul><li>It starts on first Sunday after the first spring full moon (March/April). On Holy Saturday people bring baskets of their Easter fare to church for a special blessing for all the different Easter foods . Sharing a blessed egg on Sunday morning with one another is a national tradition. On Easter Monday there is a very ancient Easter tradition called "Śmigus-Dyngus" - custom of pouring water on one another. </li></ul>
CORPUS CHRISTI 3rd June 2010 <ul><li>Thursday of the ninth week after Easter (May/June). The feast commemorates the Eucharist. A traditional procession leaves the church and continues on the streets with banners, holy pictures and in the central part of the procession a priest holding The Holy Host covered by a canopy. Children at the front of the procession sprinkle flowers in front of the priest. The procession stops at four altars along the route where prayers are said and hymns are sung . </li></ul>
1st May LABOUR DAY <ul><li>On that day in the previous political system, huge propaganda parades used to be organised. Polish people are divided into groups with different opinions about this holiday. T oday the 1st of May is considered by the majority as just a holiday, a day off with a chance to spend some time out of the city and enjoy the first warm days of the year and in a sense to try and forget the past . </li></ul>
3rd May – CONSTITUTION DAY <ul><li>This holiday commemorates the Polish Constitution which after many years of debate, discussions and negotiations in the Sejm resulted in a national settlement signed on 3rd May 1791. Few people know that this was the first constitution in Europe and the second in the world (after The American Declaration of Independence of July 4 1776). People celebrate 3rd May at festivities, historical presentations, parades and concerts. </li></ul>
15th August FEAST OF THE ASSUMPTION OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY AND POLISH ARMY DAY <ul><li>Catholic feast celebrating the assumption of Mary into heaven alive . Ceremonies take place throughout the country . In Poland the day is known as the Feast of Our Lady of Herbs, for the peasants take to church sweet-smelling bouquets of their finest blossoms mixed with the green of herbs. </li></ul>
August 15 th is also the Day of the Polish Army celebrated on this day since 1992. The date commemorates the Battle of Warsaw of 1920, the turning point of the Polish-Soviet War. The battle is also called the “Cud nad Wisla” (The Miracle on the Bank of Vistula) . The Polish army was lead by J ó zef Pi ł sudski . I t is a da y when flowers are put on the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and from 2007 a great parade of the Polish Army is organized in Warsaw .
1st November ALL SAINTS DAY <ul><li>On 1st November honouring all the saints . Whole families descend on graveyards and memorials to lay wreaths , bunches of flowers and candles for deceased family members and the prayers said at the gravestone are said to help the souls of the dead. </li></ul>
11th November INDEPENDENCE DAY <ul><li>Another date for the diary is November 11 which celebrates Poland’s Independence Day in 1918, a day when Poland finally achieved independence having been partitioned by Austria, Germany and Russia for the previous 12 3 years. </li></ul>
25th, 26th Dece m ber: CHRISTMAS TIME <ul><li>This is the most important of the Polish holidays. Christian feast celebrating the birth of the Christ. On Christmas Eve families start feasting by sharing holy wafers (op ła tek), exchanging good wishes and having ceremonial dinner with 12 dishes on the table. Traditionally there is no meat served on this day. At midnight many families attend Pasterka, the Shepherd's Mass . </li></ul>
25th of December is spent quietly within the intimate family: visiting with friends and relatives would begin the following day, St. Stephen’s day.
<ul><li>Other holidays, quite different in character, include : </li></ul><ul><li>Women's Day ( 8 March ) today much less popular than under Communism, </li></ul><ul><li>Mother's Day ( 26 May ), </li></ul><ul><li>Granny's Day ( 21 January ) </li></ul><ul><li>Children's Day ( 1 June ) . </li></ul>
<ul><li>A ll less public and celebrated first and foremost at home. </li></ul><ul><li>A well-established Polish tradition is the celebration of Andrzejki (St. Andrew's Day) - the last festive day before Advent, with fortune-telling to check what the new year will bring. </li></ul><ul><li>The Day of the National Education - Techers’ Day ( 14 October ) On this day is the anniversary of creation the Commission of National Education. It was created in 1773 from the initiative of King Stanisław August Poniatowski. </li></ul>