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HILOS CONDUCTORES TRANSVERSALES Psychoactive substance grade 802 jm


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HILOS CONDUCTORES TRANSVERSALES Psychoactive substance grade 802 jm

  1. 1.       What drugs do people use most? Apart from medicines and caffeine, tmost Irish people use is alcoholegal drugs that people are most likely to try are: 1 2 3 4 Cannabis Cocaine Amphetamine Nitrites, poppers
  2. 2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Cocaine Ecstasy Magic mushrooms Solvents (aerosols, gases and glues Minor tranquillisers (not prescribed) Heroin , Crack cocaine
  3. 3.  A psychoactive drug is capable of disrupting normal conscious activity the person, for example, his thoughts, memory, emotions, moods, feelings and perceptions
  4. 4.    1 - Use - actual drug consumption 2 - Abuse - This situation is characterized by continuing to use it even when the user generates personal problems (physical, psychological) and social problems (dealing with people, work, etc..) 3 - Dependence - A situation in which the uniusuario has lost all control over the use of the drug. The urgent need for consumption takes you to organize your everyday life around it (like getting the drug, when eaten, etc..). In terms of the effects the person is in the position of having to take the drug to prevent joint discomfort that causes the lack thereof.
  5. 5.        * Is a substance that can alter the normal body function. * Cause: one capable of altering normal conscious activity of the person, for example, his thoughts, memory, emotions, moods, feelings and perceptions. The psychoactive effects of drugs may be different but also may have certain aspects that are similar. Different psychoactive drugs produce different effects and are used for medicinal purposes, social and routine. These substances are divided into four basic categories: * * * * depressants stimulants opiates hallucinogens.
  6. 6.     * Depressants: Depressants are also known as hypnotics or sedatives. These drugs slow and inhibit neural activity also cause fatigue in the user. *Stimulants: Stimulants increase brain activity. The most commonly used are caffeine and nicotine. Amphetamine and cocaine are also stimulants. * Opioids: Opioids relieve painful sensations. Are derived from opium and effects by interaction with opioid receptors in the brain. * Hallucinogens: Hallucinogens are substances that alter cognition and sensory perception of the user. Marijuana, psilocybin and mescaline are naturally occurring hallucinogens, As Marijuana.
  7. 7.  *DEPRESSANTS :  BARBITURATES, SEDATIVE AND ANXIOLYTIC :   They are drugs that act on the nervous system by decreasing their activity, and often used to decrease anxiety and induce sleep . Basically fall into two main families: barbituric acid derivatives such as Seconal, and benzodiazepine, among which are the Valium
  8. 8.  • • • • It is so called to any substance, natural or artificial, which alters the body .Act on the central nervous system, and then distributed by altering brain tissue functions. Is introduced into a living organism by any route (inhalation, oral, intramuscular, intravenous). substances according to their effects he Central Nervous System: Depressant substances: Alcohol, opiácidos (morphine, heroin, etc.), benzodiazepines . Stimulating substances: cocaine, amphetamines, nicotine, xanthines . Hallucinogens: LSD, psilocybin, peyote, ayaguasca synthetic drugs.
  10. 10.   Alcohol is one of the most abused drugs in our society, many people accompany their social activities with alcohol and is accepted as a pleasant accompaniment of relationships and social encounters. This perception of alcohol has contributed to extend their use, not only among adults but also among youth and adolescents, that start at very early ages. Although moderate alcohol use (1 or 2 glasses a day with meals), could be beneficial to the health of some people, for others their habits and consumption patterns may lead them to have a real problem for both the involved and for the environment in which it lives (health problems, abuse, accidents and labor, alcoholism.
  11. 11.    The effects of alcohol vary in individuals and the amounts ingested , the main factors are : Age : younger people and are in a process of physical and hormonal are more susceptible to poisoning ( ethanol lethal dose in adults is estimated to be between 5 and 8 g / kg . Of weight, whereas for children is 3 g / kg. weight ) . Weight : obviously less weight people tolerate less alcohol than larger weight. Sex : women tolerate less amount of ethanol in your body than men. It also depends on other factors such as drinking alcohol on a full stomach , ie after a meal , will hinder the poisoning, like drinking in a more leisurely and short drinks and spaced in time. Depending on the amount of ethanol in the blood that we are going to be producing various effects we have fitted in 7 states in the process of alcohol intake :
  12. 12. It is the principal alkaloid of a shrub called Erythroxylon coca grown in the western part of South America (Colombia, Peru and Bolivia). The shrub has a rough bark reddish brown, can reach up to six meters high in the most favorable conditions, although currently not leave in excess of two meters in order to facilitate collection. The coca leaf is the only part containing cocaine, is arranged in groups of seven approximately each stem.
  13. 13. THANKS :