Gorden Whiting Tracy Denmark Maria Encina Tony Marion Team Project
“ The process of developing, negotiating, and formalizing the targets or objectives that a person [or team] is responsible for accomplishing” (Schermerhorn, Hunt, & Osborn, 2004, p. 134). Goal Specification – Navigating the Vessel
A team can be motivated, but if specific goals are not made, the team can spin off course and not even know it. Goal Specification is taking the boat where it needs to go. When you know where the ship is supposed to sail, you know when you are drifting off target.
<ul><ul><li>E. Locke and G. Latham’s Goal Setting Theory (Schermerhorn, Et al., 2004, p. 135) </li></ul></ul>Make goals challenging and a bit difficult Develop specific goals rather than vague ones Leaders should give feedback and encourage personal goals Give people the tools they need to accomplish the goals Everyone should agree on the goals for the absolute cooperation of all
Motivation- the wind that keeps the craft moving forward The set of “forces that account for the level, direction, and persistence of effort expended at work” (Schermerhorn, Et al., 2004, p. 85). The level of performance that is given (a smooth, not a bumpy ride) What direction the team is going (forward not backward) What speed (a constant journey- not erratically stopping and starting)
Motivating teams as well as individuals requires enhancing their team’s performance (Thompson, 2004, pp. 32-34) Openly identify everyone’s contribution for maximum constructive evaluation Team projects should be challenging and have clear goals Reward team members’ performances Focus on increasing team cohesion Increase personal responsibility by setting individual goals for team members Develop a team contract at the conception of the team and revisit as necessary Provide team performance reviews and feedback Do not let teams get too large or too small
Synergy is all the parts of the boat itself coming together to perform the task at hand (sailing). These are the rudder, mainsail, mast, centerboard, etc. that bring the boat together to perform in a way they could never do alone. “ [The act of] synergy refers to everything that can and does go better in a team compared with individuals working independently” (Thompson, 2004, p. 40).
Benefits of Synergy (Schermerhorn, 2006, p. 408) Synergistic teams provide resources to the team that one person alone could never accomplish with more innovative results Synergistic teams have higher motivation to accomplish goals and they have a greater commitment to this go Synergistic teams meet the needs of the individual better when they feel they are part of a team
How to accomplish synergy (Thompson, 2004, pp. 24-35) Good Communication and Minimizing performance threats through the utilization of Coordination- synchronizing all strategies of the members of the team Knowledge and skills- matching the right people with the right tasks Motivation and Effort- Creating a goal for which to strive
References Schermerhorn, John R. (2006) Management, 8th Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken. Schermerhorn, Jr., John R., Hunt, James G., Osborn, Robert N. (2004). Concepts of Organizational Behavior. Hoboken: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Thompson, L.L. (2004). Making the Team: A Guide for Managers (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.