Simplicity Debono


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read the book and was immensely influesed, here is a summary of the book and i would recommend everybody to read this book.

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  • Adding number from 1 to 100 is easier with a framework formula using 2 triangle visualization Trend is to pursue Complexity in design – feature creatures – 95% of which are not used! Why fail projects by trying to over achieve? Get the basics low lying fruit – success Tree Metaphor is A single purpose branch – pursuit of simplicity, which has its roots in the rules, and values of simplicity The fruits of simplicity are achieved through different methods the branches that help us reach the fruits
  • Easy to do reduces stress, distraction thereby increase focus and stamina to achieve things – learning backwards, learn the final concepts then breeze past the basics, or 2 iterations, a speedy followed by detailed, helps build overall picture within which smaller components have a place. Cognitive Research Trust CoRT – susan mackie – platinum mines RSA – illiterate multi mother tongue teams taught uniformly using simple tools One such tool is Other persons View – OPV – used in conflict situations It saves effort based dimensions like cost time resources communication etc.. Simple through– automation dynamism – etickets , clubbing as single window scheme like welfare agencies in AUS, Many simple things are aesthetic and thereby appreciated. Wabi – sabi presentation, feng shui – reiki energy blocking through unnecessary things, simplicity should not only be applied to where problems exist but even places where potential for improvement exists. Helps spread wide, easier to understand, better adoption and appreciation
  • The basic barrier to simplicity is the want and urge to opt for simplicity. Reasons – wished away as wont work, too obvious, is there a monetary gain, no problem seen etc.. E.g. EDBono’s L game, cartoonists ever challenge There is also the case of too easily satisfied, not pursuing unless classified as a problem! Complexity is pursued because, critics, exclusion, position and status, Simplistic is simplicity without understanding Over Simp is discarding features and completeness in the pursuit of simplicity Simplicity is easy to overlook, difficult to understand, unlearn, difficult to convince needs more complete know-how and understanding and thereby deploy Change and inability to change [bigger role, complete perspective] leads to sustenance of simplicity Ego status hurdles where simple things are valued as not great career pursuits.
  • The first tenet of simplcity is that it should become a value habit and a constant pursuit, Why use utilize when u can utilize use! There are some patterns to achieving simplicity Historical review >> question the basis by which the subject came into existence. E.g. >> Club signatures Arcane old Laws – Indian telegraph act! . Understand the history to unearth the improvements / issues in the subject. There could be attachment to historic legacy e.g. wine cask with screws! Normal claims are we hav always done it this way and it works! Questions are >> have we always done it this way? How did it come about? Can we improve or get rid of? Shedding slimming trimming >> 5 whys approach to the root of the matter [ problem or normal!] look at alternatives that can exist or not exist! Keep only those that matter or provide maximum return [ num / demon!] Provocation and dropping >> Provocate the current, especially required when the matter is the normal widespread acceptance e.g. horizontal oil drills, book covers why? What if is the question | What if there is no ticket, what if people are not there at a hotel reception, school need not have teacher!….. Pre analysis drop and observe unlike shedding which is post analysis. New dimensions are realized | Listening >> active passive, feedback [ MBWA, seeing , talking face to face, involvement etc.. ] , danger is listening to “used to” people may result in no changes. Identify the lazy they may give easier simpler solutions. There are 2 types of contributions, identifiers, solvers both are important. Make the pupose of simping clear, make sure that suggestions are taken seriously either acted upon and highlighted for future action else the stream may dry out. Doing afresh >> its better to relook from scratch greenfield when the matter has become complex and small changes may not do. Institute separate teams sister companies detach design and creation from market forces, 4 aspects of design >> Thrust | alternatives | consideration | modification | Restructuring >> small and big discrete and continuous all help based on context. Should keep in mind that change results in simping and not more complexities. Use Lean, BPR rules, QPL for compliance. Done by consultants >> insiders blind eye | Out sides fresh eye to help re look | more context experience | specialization | politics and internal dynamics | not the focus – business outcomes | Combining >> are there situations where 2-3 more things or processes can be merged? There are additive [no inter-relationships, add-ons] and relative [inter-relationships, integrated ] combining. Multi step ->single window clearance | very natural for active people, talk, cook and cut! | sub assemblies . Combining should save and simplify one of the elements must become redundant removable. Extracting Concepts >> big picture, fundamental premise that drives the matter. Control over that gives a lot of scope for improvement. Concepts are most difficult to handle as they are virtual and difficult to comprehend. Su field analysis and function trees. Take a process and look at the driving concepts behind it. Slicing a square | adding numbers | car parks with headlights on | challenges >> too broad | too many – selection | Bulk and exceptions >> most processes are uniformly designed no pareto. Hundreds of features and clauses are for rare exceptions and the bulk of the situations are missed out !. Re categorize and split | there are 2 directions searching for exceptions – Socrates question | filtering the bulk in | SKU – reduction | web site design | layout design | Segment Modules >> too big to handle? Easier to put together ? Late commit? Easier to understand and do ? Better control and failure recovery? Maintenance and management? Changes and improvement? Multiple combinations with fewer SKUS Cellular human body | cell networks | army divisions | Break down to parts and protocols to manage Wishful thinking >> ideality if I have no constraints then what? Setting the ultimate stretch goal strategic intent | can user have exact change? Shift energies >> move effort and energy away and into! Automation speed maps can be created and re-modelled. | no agencies | self service | auto tuning | Ladder Approach >> small steps | kaizen | differential | microscopic | CI | include people | patterns recognition sifting | facilitative structure | rules and behaviors | rewards and incentives Flavor Approach >> big picture | ask the fundamental question | 5 whys | students learn by themselves | import frameworks from elsewhere | DATT – direct attention thinking tools CAF – consider all factors OPV – other persons view CoRT – Cognitive Research Trust
  • Simplistic >> Not knowing | not complete | not de risked | Vulnerability >> removing critical features and sustenance | redundancy with a purpose Boring >> fun joy excitement | aesthetics – richness | routine repetitive | Evolution >> needs complex sub stages which when removed could cause cycle to stop | Insensitive >> removing non value items which users care about | subtle things go missing | inter-relationships are removed Difficult to understand >> some cases this may happen as the cues around go missing | Social danger >> misinterpretation if global |
  • Simplicity Debono

    1. 1. Simplicity Edward De Bono Comments by Vishwanath Ramdas Using 6-thinking hats framework as background reference
    2. 2. Pathway <ul><li>What & How of Simplicity </li></ul><ul><li>Why Simplicity </li></ul><ul><li>Barriers to Simplicity </li></ul><ul><li>The simplicity 14 </li></ul><ul><li>Dangers of Simplicity </li></ul><ul><li>Simplicity in Daily Life </li></ul><ul><li>10 Simple Rules </li></ul><ul><li>End Game …. </li></ul>
    3. 3. What is simplicity <ul><li>Not </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplistic | Over Simplification | Simpletons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Simplicity is being simple after knowing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not being simple without knowing [simplistic] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduce the problem to uncover the solution </li></ul><ul><li>Simplicity should </li></ul><ul><ul><li>easy | understandable | more people | less energy | few – little | Motivate | </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tree metaphor </li></ul>
    4. 4. Why Simplicity <ul><li>Is Simple – Easy to do </li></ul><ul><li>Lower effort in doing </li></ul><ul><li>Simple is elegant </li></ul><ul><li>Simple is powerful </li></ul><ul><li>Lesser errors and mistakes in doing </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve sophistication </li></ul><ul><li>Wide spread and more users </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to maintain and sustain </li></ul>
    5. 5. Barriers to Simplicity.. <ul><li>Want / Urge to simplify </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity has its values </li></ul><ul><li>Simplistic </li></ul><ul><li>Over simplification </li></ul><ul><li>Simplicity is not easy </li></ul><ul><li>Hiding under change & incompetence </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to understand – ego </li></ul>
    6. 6. 14 rules of simplicity <ul><li>Historic Review </li></ul><ul><li>Shedding reducing </li></ul><ul><li>Challenged dropping </li></ul><ul><li>Shift in energies </li></ul><ul><li>Doing Afresh </li></ul><ul><li>BPR – reengineer </li></ul><ul><li>Flavored Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Ladder Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Exceptions & Bulk </li></ul><ul><li>Extract Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Segment –Modularize </li></ul><ul><li>Combining - Merging </li></ul><ul><li>Idealize – wishful thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback - Listening </li></ul>
    7. 7. Dangers of Simplicity <ul><li>Simplistic </li></ul><ul><li>Destroying reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Removing richness – boring </li></ul><ul><li>Halting evolution? </li></ul><ul><li>Insensitive </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to understand </li></ul><ul><li>social Danger </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Danger </li></ul><ul><li>Non Commercial </li></ul><ul><li>Unfair </li></ul>
    8. 8. Simplicity in ones life <ul><li>Simple Notes </li></ul><ul><li>1 at a time </li></ul><ul><li>Verbalize </li></ul><ul><li>Do in small steps </li></ul><ul><li>Do in stages </li></ul><ul><li>Unbundle </li></ul><ul><li>Break down – manageable bits </li></ul><ul><li>Use Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Working backwards </li></ul><ul><li>Dont seek 100% perfection! </li></ul><ul><li>Parallel Think Do </li></ul><ul><li>Slow down </li></ul><ul><li>Clarify </li></ul>
    9. 9. 10 rules of simplification <ul><li>Assign high value to Simplicity </li></ul><ul><li>Continuously pursue Simplicity </li></ul><ul><li>Simplicity needs understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Simplicity would tradeoff with other dimensions </li></ul><ul><li>For whom is the simplicity? </li></ul><ul><li>Think Afresh certain problems </li></ul><ul><li>Break down problem into manageable parts </li></ul><ul><li>Work through concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge & Discard </li></ul><ul><li>Develop alternatives & possibilities </li></ul>