1. Introduction on poverty of Bangladesh.2. Poverty status of Bangladesh.3. Causes of poverty.4. Comparison of poverty with different countries.5. Effects of poverty.6. Ways of removing poverty.7. Conclusion.
Poverty is the pronounced deprivation of well-being. It is not beingable to satisfy ones basic needs because one possesses insufficientmoney to buy services or lacks the access to services.Absolute poverty refers to the state of severe deprivation of basichuman needs, which commonly includes food, water, sanitation,clothing, shelter, healthcare, education and information.Relative poverty refers to as being below some relative incomethreshold, where this threshold differs for each society or country. Onemay be relatively poor, without being in the state of absolute poverty;relative poverty is often considered as an indirect measure of incomeinequality.
Bangladesh is a country of 160 million population with a population density 1142/sq.km. Bangladesh economy is not big enough to support such a vast population and high incidence of poverty is the ultimate result. Though the country is making good progress in the socio-economic field in increasing the literacy rate, improving expectation of life, increasing food production and decreasing infant mortality and total fertility but progress of poverty reduction is very slow.
Macro-economic growth could not help reducing poverty and income inequality. Now the planners and policy makers suggest to target the poor for poverty alleviation programmed implementation. Here the poverty mapping can play vital role to give visual presentation of intensity of poverty incidence by geographic area. This help the planners and policy makers easily detect the most poverty effected area and to allocate more resource to alleviate poverty. Information Technology can be used along with poverty mapping for quick dissemination to the planners and policy makers and thus, poverty monitoring will be strengthen.
Rapid growth of population. Inequitable distribution of land, income and productive assets. Death of chief wage- earner. Incapability of chief wage- earner through accident, illness, and old age. Chronic irregularity of work. Largeness of family. Low wage. Habits drinking , betting, and gambling .
Careless housekeeping for improvident expenditure. Chronic shortage of cash. Absence of food reserves. Natural calamities (river erosion, cyclone, tidal surge, excessive rain). Under developed communications system. Lack of education and skilled labor. Lack of administrative fairness and accountability. Limited access to public services. Lack of mass peoples participation in local government etc.
GDP Human Literacy Corruptio Unemplo Per Country Population Developm Rate n yment Capita ent perception Rate (US) index indexBangladesh 161,083,804 0.524 43.1% 2.1 5.00% $1,700Malaysia 29,179,952 0.823 88.7% 5.1 3.10% $15800Bhutan 716,896 0.613 47% 5.2 4.00% $6,200Maldives 394,451 0.749 96.3% 2.8 14.50% $8,800India 1,205,073,612 0.609 61% 3.4 9.80% $3,700Pakistan 190,291,129 0.562 49.9% 2.5 5.60% $2,800
Malnutrition and Hunger. Low literacy rate. Homelessness. Lower class of lifestyle. Several diseases. Increase in cost of living. Social crime increases. Child mortality decreases.
By achieving universal primary education. By promoting gender equality and empowering women. By removing unemployment problem. By improving maternal health. By eliminating corruption. By developing a global partnership. By ensuring increased local govt. participation to evaluate & eradicate poverty.
By ensuring employment oriented technical education and changing in vocational training method. By increasing income tax by reducing VAT and ensure corruption free tax administration. By ensuring budget allocation considering regional socio-economic condition. By exporting manpower. By giving loans and technical education to the farmers.
Poverty is the main problem of our country andinfluencing all other problems which arestopping the development of our country. So itis imperative to eliminate poverty. We all shouldtake our responsibility and help government toeliminate poverty.