Women Empowerment

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Women Empowerment

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Women Empowerment

  1. 1. WOMEN EMPOWERMENT PRESENTED BY – GOPAL.Y.M
  2. 2. Outlines <ul><li>What is women empowerment? </li></ul><ul><li>Why it should be? </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>What are the main problems? </li></ul><ul><li>How to achieve it? </li></ul><ul><li>Efforts made to achieve it. </li></ul><ul><li>Achievements </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is women's empowerment? <ul><li>To give certain rights or authority. </li></ul><ul><li>To invest with power, especially legal power or official authority. </li></ul><ul><li>To equip or supply with an ability to women . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why it should be? <ul><li>Reflecting into the “Vedas purana” of Indian culture, woman is being worshiped such as LAXMI MAA, goddess of wealth; SARASWATI MAA, for wisdom; DURGA MAA, for power. </li></ul><ul><li>The status of women in India, particularly in rural areas needs to address the issue of empowering women. </li></ul><ul><li>Leaving a meager number of urban and suburban women, the Indian women are still crying for simple justice. Which is not even allowed to have been accessed to them </li></ul><ul><li>Ironically, women have not actively participated in their own emancipation mainly due to low economic independence. </li></ul><ul><li>With their age, they have been raped, kicked, killed, subdued & humiliated almost daily. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Contd…… <ul><li>About 66% of the female population in rural area is unutilized. This is mainly due to existing social customs. </li></ul><ul><li>In agriculture & animal care the women contribute 90% of the total work force. </li></ul><ul><li>Women constitute almost half of the population, perform nearly 2/3 rd of its work hours, receive 1/10 th of the world’s income & own less than 1/100 th of the world property. </li></ul><ul><li>Among the world’s 900 million illiterate people, women out number men two to one. </li></ul><ul><li>70% of people living in poverty are women. </li></ul><ul><li>Lower sex ratio i.e. 933. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Contd…. <ul><li>The male child perceived as an asset for the landless rural labourer, a dowry earner for a greedy middle class family and a simple matter of pride for the mother. </li></ul><ul><li>The existing studies show that the women are relatively less healthy than men even though, they belong to same class. </li></ul><ul><li>They constitute less than 1/7 th of the administrators & managers in developing countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Only 10% seats in world’s parliament & 6% in national cabinets are held by them. </li></ul>
  7. 7. HISTORY <ul><li>It dates back to the 1970s and the beginnings of the international women's movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Many women's organizations worldwide set up credit and savings components as a way of both enabling women to increase their incomes and come together to address wider gender issues. </li></ul><ul><li>Not only 'reaching women' but 'empowering' them is the second official goal of the Micro credit summit programme. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Contd….. <ul><li>Women's empowerment is not a Northern concept. Women all over the world, including countries in the South, have been challenging and changing gender inequalities since the beginnings of history. </li></ul><ul><li>These struggles have also been supported by many men who have been outraged at injustices against women. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What are the main problems? <ul><li>Lack of education, </li></ul><ul><li>Financial constraint, </li></ul><ul><li>Family responsibility, </li></ul><ul><li>Low mobility, </li></ul><ul><li>Low ability to bear risk, </li></ul><ul><li>Low need for achievement, </li></ul><ul><li>Absence of ambition for the achievement, </li></ul><ul><li>Social status. </li></ul>
  10. 10. How to achieve it? <ul><li>One of the strategies is “EDUCATION” that builds a positive self-image and boosts self-confidence among them & develops their ability to think critically. </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting self-employment, through credit & training. </li></ul><ul><li>Providing lean season wage employment. </li></ul><ul><li>Addressing minimum needs such as nutrition, health, sanitation, housing & education. </li></ul><ul><li>Direct involvement of women who are likely to be affected by development programme. </li></ul><ul><li>Providing saving habit among them. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Efforts <ul><li>Sarva shiksha abhiyan: the flagship programme of elementary education has special focus on girl child. </li></ul><ul><li>Jawahar Navodays Vidyalayas </li></ul><ul><li>Pratibha Vikas Vidyalayas </li></ul><ul><li>In every district of the country with fair representation for girl child would contribute enormously in national level development through women empowerment. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Contd… <ul><li>Kasturba Gandhi Swatantrata Vidyalaya: residential school for girls. </li></ul><ul><li>National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme (NREGP) </li></ul><ul><li>Development of women and child in rural areas (DWCRA): Implemented during 1982. </li></ul><ul><li>Support to training & employment for women (STEP): 1987 </li></ul>
  13. 13. Contd…. <ul><li>Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK):1992-93 </li></ul><ul><li>Mahila Samridhi Yojna (MSY): Oct. 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Indira mahila Yojana (IMY): 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>Women Entrepreneur Development Programme: </li></ul><ul><li>Given top priority in 1997-98. </li></ul><ul><li>Mahila samakhya: being implemented in about 9000 villages. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Achievement <ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>Women have more opportunities for education and stronger legal rights in many countries, they are taking leadership roles in local communities, and stand at the forefront of the peace movement </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps the greatest change will come when women and men agree to work together for gender equality. </li></ul><ul><li>International Women's Rights Agreements --Women's rights are well-established by international agreements, notably the international Convention on Eradication of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) , which explicitly include women within the definition of 'human' and hence in all International Human Rights Conventions. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Contd….. <ul><li>Trade Related Entrepreneurs Development for Women (TREAD): had revenue capital 0.11 crores in state budget 2006-07. </li></ul><ul><li>Subsidy for units providing employment for women: 5% on total investment is available to the SSI units providing employment for women at least to the extent of 30% of the total strength. </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of women self help group: </li></ul><ul><li>Total women SHG formed as on </li></ul><ul><li>31/07/2007 15847 </li></ul><ul><li>Total SHG members 250319 </li></ul>
  16. 16. Contd… <ul><li>Since 1950-51 the total enrolment at the primary, upper primary, secondary and senior secondary stages increases by 6,14,and 20 times respectively, among them the girl’s enroll. increased by 9, 37 & 60 times resp. during the same period. </li></ul><ul><li>The scheme of granting capital subsidy for small scale industries has been revived and & Rs.20 crores have been provided for 2007-08 for providing capital subsidy to women entrepreneur. </li></ul><ul><li>The rate of literacy has gone up from 39.29% in 1991 to 54.16% in 2001. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Conclusion <ul><li>“ When women move forward the family moves, the village moves and the nation moves”. </li></ul><ul><li>It is essential as their thought & their value systems lead the development of a good family, good society & ultimately a good nation”. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Thank You

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