Lent Easter 2009 1


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Lent Easter 2009 1

  1. 1. GUIDELINES FOR LENT AND EASTER 2009 Office of Liturgy Diocese of Orlando The annual observance of Lent is the special season for the ascent to the holy mountain of Easter. Through its twofold theme of repentance and baptism, the season of Lent disposes both the catechumens and the faithful to celebrate the paschal mystery. Catechumens are led to the sacraments of initiation by means of the Rite of Election, the Scrutinies, and catechesis. The faithful, listening more intently to the word of God and devoting themselves to prayer, are prepared through a spirit of repentance to renew their baptismal promises. (Ceremonial of Bishops, 249). REGULATIONS FOR FAST AND ABSTINENCE The following may be reproduced in parish bulletins for the purpose of reminding the faithful of the regulations for fast and abstinence: Ash Wednesday, February 25, 2009 and Good Friday, April 10, 2009, are days of fast and abstinence. Fridays of Lent are also days of abstinence. Fasting is to be observed by all 18 years of age and older, who have not yet celebrated their 59th birthday. On a fast day one full meal is allowed. Two other meals, sufficient to maintain strength, may be taken according to each one's needs, but together they should not equal another full meal. Eating between meals is not permitted, but liquids, including milk and juices, are allowed. Abstinence is observed by all 14 years of age and older. On days of abstinence no meat is allowed. Note that when health or ability to work would be seriously affected, the law does not oblige. When in doubt concerning fast and abstinence, the parish priest should be consulted. Fasting, almsgiving, and prayer are the three traditional disciplines of Lent. The faithful and catechumens should undertake these practices seriously in a spirit of penance and of preparation for baptism or of renewal of baptism at Easter.
  2. 2. THE CELEBRATION OF THE SACRAMENTS AND THE RITES The Sacraments of Initiation Because Lent is oriented toward the celebration of the sacraments of initiation at Easter, care must be taken to maintain this central focus. Honoring the most ancient of customs, the baptism of infants normally should not take place during Lent except in the case of emergency or pastoral necessity. Infant baptisms during the Easter Season follow the traditional custom of the Church. As such, the celebration of confirmation and the reception of first communion are discouraged during Lent, but most appropriate during the Easter Season. For those involved in the RCIA, the Rite of Election will be celebrated at Mary, Queen of the Universe Shrine, Orlando, on March 1, 2009 (the First Sunday of Lent), at 3:00 pm. Bishop Thomas Wenski will welcome those preparing for baptism (CB 250, 408-419 and RCIA 118-127). The Rite of Sending of the Catechumens for Election may be celebrated in parishes (RCIA 106 - 117). Please note that this celebration will only be the Rite of Election of Catechumens and will not be a combined rite involving the candidates for Full Communion. The Penitential Rite for baptized candidates preparing for confirmation and Eucharist during the Easter Season may be celebrated on the Second Sunday of Lent, March 8, 2009 (RCIA 459-472). The Scrutinies for the Elect are celebrated on the Third, Fourth, and Fifth Sundays of Lent. The Mass at which the scrutiny takes place uses the texts from the Ritual Mass for the Scrutinies found in the Sacramentary, pp. 826-829 (RCIA 146, G:RCIA C: 1-4). The Sacrament of Penance During Lent the faithful should be urged to take a greater and more fruitful share in the Lenten liturgy. It is very appropriate for the sacrament of reconciliation to be celebrated during Lent in a more solemn form, as described in the Rite of Penance (CB 251). The faithful should be clearly and positively encouraged to receive this sacrament during Lent. Schedules for confessions and communal celebrations should be arranged in each parish and among parishes so that all may be served adequately. Ideally, the faithful would celebrate the sacrament of Penance before the Easter Triduum begins; however, it would be also appropriate to offer this sacrament on Good Friday following the practice of the late Pope John Paul II. Efforts should be made to educate and plan accordingly (RP 13). Bishop Wenski has encouraged priests to make Confessions generously available to our people, including Good Friday (Office of the Bishop, January 2005). Under no circumstances is the sacrament to be administered using Form 3 (General Absolution). Guidelines for Lent and Easter 2009 Page 2 of 7
  3. 3. Funerals during the Season of Lent and the Easter Triduum Good liturgical practice would suggest reflecting the liturgical season in the choice of music and scripture. The season of Lent may also reflect a change in the color of vesture and employ the option to use purple (OCF 39). On Holy Thursday, Good Friday, and Holy Saturday, a Funeral Mass may not be celebrated. On these days the body of the deceased may be brought into the church for Funeral Liturgy outside Mass using the Order of Christian Funerals, Part I Chapter 4. A Mass for the deceased should be offered as soon as is convenient after Easter Sunday (OCF 107-203). Additionally, Funeral Masses and other celebrations may not be celebrated on the Wednesday morning of Holy Week as they would conflict with the Chrism Mass. Marriages during the Season of Lent and the Triduum Marriages during the season of Lent are not to be encouraged. However, if a marriage does take place, there should be a marked moderation in festivity. No flowers are allowed in the sanctuary (CB 252). The celebration of marriage (and the convalidation of marriage) is not permitted during the Easter Triduum (RM 11). Communion for the Sick and Viaticum Communion may be brought to the sick on all days of Holy Week except Holy Saturday. On Holy Saturday Communion may be given only as viaticum. quot;According to the Church's ancient tradition, the sacraments are not celebrated on Good Friday or Holy Saturdayquot; (Sacramentary). LENT AND THE WORSHIP ENVIRONMENT During Lent the altar should not to be decorated with flowers. The Fourth Sunday of Lent (Laetare Sunday), solemnities and feasts are exceptions to this rule. On the Fourth Sunday of Lent rose-colored vestments may be used (CB 252). The practice of covering statues, images and crosses during the season of Lent is no longer suppressed in the United States. Images in the church may be covered from the conclusion of the Mass for Saturday of the Fourth Week of Lent until the beginning of the Easter Vigil.”(Ordo.) The cross is covered on Good Friday (CL 26 and Ordo). Guidelines for Lent and Easter 2009 Page 3 of 7
  4. 4. Holy Water and Baptismal Fonts: In the past, some parishes have emptied the Baptismal Font and other receptacles for Holy Water during the entire Lenten Season. While well intentioned, this does not reflect a sound Liturgical theology or practice. The use of Holy Water, as a sacramental, has long been encouraged by the Church for the devotion of the faithful. To arbitrarily prevent the faithful from availing themselves of a sacramental (e.g. by removing Holy Water during the Lenten Season) is a failure of pastoral charity. Liturgical norms indicate that the fonts are to be emptied of Holy Water only at the beginning of the Triduum (Office of the Bishop January 2006). PARTICULAR LITURGIES DURING THE SEASON OF LENT AND THE EASTER TRIDUUM Ash Wednesday, February 25, 2009 The blessing and distribution of ashes may take place at either a celebration of the Eucharist or at a Liturgy of the Word. The blessing and distribution of ashes follow the homily. There is no penitential rite at the beginning of this liturgy. Reconciliation Weekend, April 3 and 4, 2009 More information to follow. Passion (Palm) Sunday, April 5, 2009 On this day the Church remembers Christ's entrance into Jerusalem to accomplish his paschal mystery. The commemoration on this day with the blessing of palms and the procession is not an historical re-enactment of Jesus' entry into Jerusalem but a ritual action that marks our entry into Holy Week and the celebration of the Christian Passover. Three forms are offered for the beginning of the liturgy on this day: the procession, the solemn entrance, and the simple entrance. Masses beginning with either the solemn entrance or the procession omit the penitential rite. The Passion proclaimed on this day is essential to the liturgy and cannot be omitted. It may be proclaimed using one, three or more readers. Lay persons are allowed to do any of the parts. Chrism Mass, Wednesday, April 8, 2009 The Chrism Mass will be celebrated on Wednesday, April 8, 2009, at the Mary Queen of the Universe Shrine at 11:00 am. No other services that conflict with the Chrism Mass may be scheduled that morning in the diocese. Guidelines for Lent and Easter 2009 Page 4 of 7
  5. 5. Holy Thursday, April 9, 2009 Lent ends with the beginning of the Mass of the Lord's Supper, which is the principal liturgy of the day. The tabernacle is empty before liturgy begins. Communion under both forms is highly recommended. Enough bread should be consecrated at this Mass for the Liturgy of Good Friday as well. Please note that on Holy Thursday the only Masses permitted are the Mass of the Lord’s Supper and the Chrism Mass (which is celebrated on Wednesday). All efforts should be made that there be only one Mass of the Lord’s Supper (Sacramentary) which would include the many languages and cultures of a particular parish community to meet parish needs. If pastoral needs of a particular ethnic group in a parish so dictate, another Mass of the Lord’s Supper may be celebrated in their language. The washing of the feet (mandatum) should be celebrated in a way that allows for people to participate visually. The custom that those chosen for the foot washing be men (viri) is still normative and should be observed unless serious pastoral reasons dictate otherwise. It is appropriate that the oils blessed and consecrated at the Chrism Mass be carried in at the presentation of the gifts. The proper rubrics and prayers for the presentation of the oils are found in the Sacramentary supplement. Following the Prayer after Communion, the Blessed Sacrament is transferred to the place of Reservation. This may be the usual tabernacle if it is in a separate chapel or area removed from the sanctuary. The place of reservation should be noble yet simply decorated. Under no circumstances is the Blessed Sacrament to be exposed in a monstrance or ciboria. The faithful should be encouraged to spend some time in adoration throughout the remainder of the evening. There is no adoration after midnight (CL 55, 56). Under no circumstances is it permitted to reserve the Precious Blood for adoration on Holy Thursday and for distribution on Good Friday (Norms #30). After Mass, the altar is stripped. It is fitting that any crosses in the church be covered with a red or purple veil. Votive candles should not be lit before the images of saints (CL 57). Good Friday, April 10, 2009 The Liturgy of the Hours, particularly Morning Prayer, is strongly encouraged. The celebration of the Lord's Passion, the principal celebration of this day, should take place about 3:00 pm. If pastoral need dictates, there may be another celebration later in the day, especially in another language for pastoral necessity. The Passion may be proclaimed or chanted using one, three or more readers. Lay persons are allowed to do any of the parts. Guidelines for Lent and Easter 2009 Page 5 of 7
  6. 6. During the veneration of the cross, only one cross should be used. However, if the number of people is too great to permit individual veneration, other crosses may be used. Holy Saturday, April 11, 2009 The Liturgy of the Hours, particularly Morning Prayer, is strongly encouraged. According to custom, the Blessing of Food may be blessed before or after the Easter Vigil on Holy Saturday or on Easter morning for consumption at the first meal of Easter, when fasting is ended and the Church is filled with joy. The rite found in the Book of Blessings (Chapter 54) is to be followed replacing all other variations of this customary blessing. According to Liturgical Norms, it is not appropriate to sing Easter Hymns or verses containing the “Alleluia” before its’ solemn intonation at the celebration of the Easter Vigil. The Easter Vigil should begin at a time that allows for new fire to break the darkness of night. Sunset will occur at 7:48 pm and complete darkness will be at approximately 8:18 pm; therefore, in the Diocese of Orlando the Easter Vigil may not be scheduled before 8:00 pm. Questions on scheduling and multiple celebrations should be directed to the Office of Liturgy. The Exsultet (Easter Proclamation) should be sung by one who can do so with grace and beauty. At least three of the seven Old Testament readings should be used, including reading number three from Exodus. The Glory to God should be sung. Communion under both kinds is to be encouraged. Adults and children of catechetical age being baptized during the Easter Vigil (RCIA 562- 594) are to be confirmed by the presiding priest (RCIA 588). Easter Sunday and the Easter Season The fifty days from Easter Sunday (April 12, 2008) to Pentecost (May 31, 2009), audibly and visually, are celebrated in joyful exultation as one feast day, or better as one quot;great Sunday.quot; The first eight days of the Easter Season make up the Octave of Easter and are celebrated as solemnities of the Lord (CB 371, 373). The Paschal Candle must be made of wax, never be artificial, be renewed each year, be only one in number, and be of sufficiently large size, so that it may evoke the truth that Christ is the light of the world (CL 82). The Easter candle is lighted for all liturgical celebrations of the season (CB 372). At all Masses on Easter Sunday the Renewal of Baptismal Promises and its accompanying sprinkling rite replace the creed. A Rite of Sprinkling may appropriately replace the more usual Penitential Rite during the Easter Season, at the very least on the Sundays of Easter including Pentecost (Foreword GIRM). Guidelines for Lent and Easter 2009 Page 6 of 7
  7. 7. The Ordo reminds us that the Easter Sequence is to be sung or recited during the entire Octave of Easter (Easter Sunday through the Second Sunday of Easter inclusive). The double Alleluia is added to the sung dismissal during the octave (Easter Vigil through the Second Sunday of Easter inclusive) and on Pentecost and the Vigil of Pentecost (CB 373). Ascension In the Province of Florida, the Solemnity of the Ascension of the Lord has been transferred to Sunday and will be celebrated on Sunday, May 24, 2009. Pentecost Pentecost is celebrated on May 31, 2009. The sequence of Pentecost is sung or recited at all Masses except when the vigil readings are used. After Pentecost, the Easter candle is returned to its place near the baptismal font. It is not extinguished after the Gospel of either Ascension or Pentecost. The double Alleluia is added to the sung dismissal during Masses of Pentecost and its Vigil. REFERENCE ABBREVIATIONS CB Ceremonial of Bishops CL Circular Letter concerning the Preparation and Celebration of the Easter Feasts (Congregation for Divine Worship, 1988) GIRM General Instruction to the Roman Missal Norms Norms for the Celebration and Distribution of Holy Communion under Both Kinds in the Dioceses of the United States of America OCF Order of Christian Funerals RCIA Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults RM Rite of Marriage RP Rite of Penance G: RCIA Diocesan Guidelines: Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults Guidelines for Lent and Easter 2009 Page 7 of 7