What is it?CLASSICAL MUSIC When was it happening? Who made it?
WHAT IS CLASSICAL MUSIC?Art music Made, Created using Was written primarily, in the highest down, Europe skill and preserved, sophistication and studied
WHEN DID CLASSICAL MUSIC HAPPEN? It began around the 4 th Century (300’s) and it is still being made todayWhen people say Classical Music, they usually mean ModernistBaroque Music Classical Music Romantic Music (not as (Pronounced (yea, it has the Music (not lovey modern as youBuh – Rowke) same name) dovey at all) may think) Late 1700s to Mid 1800s to Early 1900s to1620s to 1800 the early 1800s the early 1900s the late 1900s
HOW DID CLASSICAL MUSIC BEGIN?In the 4th Century, people sang chants on onemelody. This was usually sung for religiouspurposes. In the 13th Century, two and three lines of music were used at the same time to make it more exciting. In the Medieval Period (12th-15th Centuries), instruments accompanied the singers and music was written down for the first time. In the Renaissance (14th-17th centuries), music became more complex and moved into the churches and the courts of the wealthy.
BAROQUE MUSIC(1620’S TO EARLY 1800’S) In Music • Many voice woven together • Music has many decorations and ornaments • Important Musicians: J.S. Bach, G.F. Handel, A. Vivaldi In Art • Kings and Popes wanted the grandest and most emotional artworks • Important Artists: Rembrandt, Caravaggio, and Rubens In Technology • Galileo Galilei used the microscope and telescopes to learn about the world • Newton also made great advances in mathematics and gravitation
CLASSICAL MUSIC(LATE 1700’S TO EARLY 1800’S) In Music • Instrumental music is very popular: first real symphonies • Modern Opera is developed • Homophony is popular: One melody line and accompaniment • Important Musicians: W.A. Mozart, F.J. Haydn In Art • Focus on landscapes and individuals (portraits) • Art is supposed to show a sense of order • Important Artists: Jacques Louis David, John Constable In Technology • Inventions like Gas Lighting, Steam Power, and the Cotton Gin kick off the Industrial Revolution
ROMANTIC MUSIC(MID 1800’S TO EARLY 1900’S) In Music •Orchestras and symphonies get bigger to capture louder, grander emotions •Music tries to capture more dynamic moods: anger, power, frustration, beauty •L.V. Beethoven’s ideas initiated the Romantic Period in music •Important Musicians: R. Wagner, P. Tchaikovsky In Art •There’s a great interest in nature and emotions •Artists try to see/paint things in new, innovative ways •Important Artists: Claude Monet, Vincent Van Gogh In Technology •From Railroads and telephones to light bulbs and phonographs, new inventions pop up and connect people, ideas, and art around the world.
MODERNIST MUSIC(EARLY 1900’S TO LATE 1900’S) In Music •Musicians look for innovative ways to make music: no melody, every note at once, no rhythm, etc. •Music became very abstract and difficult to understand, but exciting and spontaneous •Important Musicians: Igor Stravinsky, Arnold Schoenberg In Art •Artists created abstract images to re-create the way we see and understand the world •Important Artists: Pablo Picasso, Wassily Kandinsky, Gustav Klimt In Technology •In the 20th Century, the world moved faster than ever. Cars and Airplanes allowed people to travel, radios and TVs brought entertainment into the home, and a great many inventions that we use today were created during this period.
WHAT’S HAPPENING NOW IN CLASSICAL MUSIC? Today, musicians aren’t trying to be abstract Todays composers mix styles (folk music, pop music, jazz, etc) into their classical works. Many composers use only the computer to produce their musical ideas. Important Musicians: Steve Reich, John Williams