2D CAD Module by gonzalochris


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2D CAD Module by gonzalochris

  1. 1. AUTOCAD 2D <ul><li>CHRIS GONZALO </li></ul><ul><li>09164887608 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
  3. 3. Microsoft Windows XP Screen (Desktop) <ul><li>Here is a typical look of a Windows XP desktop </li></ul><ul><li>screen everytime you start Windows XP or depending on how your computer was set up. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Start Button <ul><li>To start installed programs, open document, change system settings, find files, and exploring windows. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Navigating Windows using a mouse (Pointing Device) <ul><li>As you move your mouse on a flat surface, your pointer moves on the screen. On the principles that first you place your mouse pointer on (point to) something on your screen, and then click with a mouse button to perform action on that item. To point, move the mouse until the tip of the pointer is over the item. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Click: Press and release the left mouse button
  7. 8. Double Click: Quickly press and release the left mouse button twice
  8. 9. Right Click: Press and release the right button once to show the shortcut menu
  9. 10. Accessing Files and Folder <ul><li>My Computer </li></ul><ul><li>You can use “My Computer” to quickly and easily see everything on your computer. Double-Click on the “My Computer” icon on the desktop to browse through your files and folders. </li></ul>
  10. 12. Exploring Local Drives
  11. 13. <ul><li>Open – To list contents of a disk </li></ul><ul><li>Explore – To list all files and folders to all local drives </li></ul><ul><li>Search – To find specific files or folders </li></ul><ul><li>Format – To prepare a new disk to a readable media </li></ul><ul><li>Properties – To view available amount and remaining disk space. </li></ul>
  12. 14. Exploring Files and Folders / Sub-Directories: <ul><li>In Windows Explorer, you can see both the hierarchy of folders on your computer and all the files and folders in each selected folder. This is especially useful for copying and moving files. You can open the folder that contains the file you want to move or copy, and then drag it in the folder you want to put it in. </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Figure above shows a Window Explorer </li></ul>
  14. 16. Files – A file is a collection of related data items. It is the basic unit of data storage
  15. 17. Folders / Sub-Directory <ul><li>Your documents and programs are stored in folders, which you can see in “My Computer” and “Windows Explorer”. In previous versions of Windows and DOS, folders were called directories. </li></ul>
  16. 18. Sub-Directory of Program Files
  17. 19. Opening a File or Folder <ul><li>Point and click on a specific folder, then use right button of a mouse. Then select Open on selection menu. </li></ul>Icon Right-click on mouse Select Open
  18. 20. <ul><li>Or you can simply double-click on the icon </li></ul>Or just click on the icon and press “Enter” from your keyboard
  19. 21. Navigating Active Window <ul><li>Changing View – select View from the Menu bar </li></ul>
  20. 23. Creating your own folder in the Windows Environment <ul><li>Open the “My Documents” folder by double clicking on it. (Or point over the “My Documents” shortcut folder then right click and choose open) </li></ul><ul><li>Inside the “My Documents” folder click on the File menu then choose New , then choose Folder . The computer creates a new folder for your files. </li></ul>
  21. 25. <ul><li>In the real world, it’s just like you’re working </li></ul><ul><li>Inside your Office Room (let’s say that is the </li></ul><ul><li>Computer). Inside your office is a File Cabinet </li></ul><ul><li>(that will be the “My Documents” folder). We’ve </li></ul><ul><li>just inserted inside that File Cabinet a New </li></ul><ul><li>Folder for your New files. </li></ul>In a nutshell
  22. 26. <ul><li>Now let’s rename that folder as: GCAD (your name). This is the folder destination of all the files you will create and save. </li></ul><ul><li>Exit the “My Documents” folder. </li></ul>
  23. 27. Copying, Deleting and Renaming a file or folder <ul><li>Send to – places a chosen file to a new location. If the destination is a floppy disk it creates a duplicate data. </li></ul>
  24. 28. <ul><li>Copy – Creates a duplicate data </li></ul>You can select a multiple copy while holding CTRL key
  25. 29. AutoCAD 2-Dimensional Presentation with color rendering and basic customization AutoCAD® software is the 2D drafting and detailing and 3D design tool used by more designers worldwide than any other CAD software. It provides native DWG compatibility, plus you can personalize or program the software or add a third-party application to meet your specific design requirements. And now AutoCAD integrates new and enhanced productivity tools, presentation graphics, CAD standards, and more or faster, easier data creation and sharing.
  26. 30. <ul><li>HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>Intel Pentium 4 or later, with at least 3GHz or faster processor, or compatible </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Windows XP (Professional, Home Edition, or Tablet PC Edition) or Windows Vista </li></ul><ul><li>512MB RAM (recommended) </li></ul><ul><li>300MB free disk space for installation </li></ul><ul><li>1024x768 VGA with true color (minimum) - 128MB Video card </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 or 7.0 or other browser (Mozilla Firefox or Google Chrome) </li></ul><ul><li>Broadband or at least Dial Up connection </li></ul><ul><li>DVD or CD-ROM disc drive </li></ul><ul><li>Mouse with trackball or compatible pointing device </li></ul>
  27. 31. <ul><li>To start AutoCAD </li></ul><ul><li>When you open AutoCAD, the startup dialog box is displayed. The dialog box provides you with four ways to start drawing: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Open a Drawing (Open an existing drawing) </li></ul><ul><li>- opens an existing drawing you select from a list of the four most recently opened drawings. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, it displays the Browse button that you choose to look for another file. </li></ul><ul><li>Steps: </li></ul><ul><li>> Click the Open a Drawing button </li></ul><ul><li>> The middle of the dialog box now displays a list of drawings that have been opened recently. </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight one of the names in the list to see a preview image of that particular drawing file. </li></ul><ul><li>> If the drawing you want is not in the list, click the browse button to choose a drawing from the available on your file system by another user. </li></ul>
  28. 32. <ul><li>2. Start from Scratch </li></ul><ul><li>(Start a drawing from scratch) </li></ul><ul><li>- opens a new drawing based on the measurement system you choose English (inches) or Metric (meters) </li></ul>
  29. 33. <ul><li>3. Use a Template (Start a drawing based on a template) </li></ul><ul><li>- opens a new drawing based on a template you select from a list. It displays template files (.dwt extension) that exist in the Drawing Template File location as </li></ul><ul><li>specified in the Options Dialog Box. Template files store all the settings for a drawing and can also include predefined layers, dimension styles, and views. </li></ul><ul><li>Steps: </li></ul><ul><li>> Select the Use a Template button </li></ul><ul><li>> Scroll down the list of template files and highlight one that you are interested in. </li></ul><ul><li>An image preview of that template will be displayed. </li></ul><ul><li>> Click OK. A new drawing comes up based on the chosen template </li></ul>
  30. 34. <ul><li>4. Use a Wizard (Use a wizard to help you setup your drawing) </li></ul><ul><li>- opens a drawing that you set up using either the Quick Setup Wizard or the Advanced Setup Wizard. </li></ul><ul><li>Steps: </li></ul><ul><li>> Click the Use a Wizard button </li></ul><ul><li>> Highlight Quick Setup and click OK </li></ul><ul><li>> Click on a unit of measurement, and then click Next. </li></ul><ul><li>> Enter a width and length for your drawing sheet. Then click Finished. </li></ul><ul><li>> A new drawing comes up. It has the units and Area that you set with the wizard. </li></ul>
  31. 35. <ul><li>Setting up Unit of Measurement </li></ul><ul><li>Set the AutoCAD unit of measurement to meters </li></ul><ul><li>- to ensure that any drawing made and inserted will have uniformed international Metric (meters) units </li></ul><ul><li>- to easily control plotting in scale </li></ul><ul><li>STEP A: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Go to FORMAT menu </li></ul><ul><li>2. Go to UNITS </li></ul><ul><li>3. In the dialog box; Drawing Units for Design Center Blocks portion, set it to meters </li></ul>
  32. 36. <ul><li>STEP B: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Go to TOOLS menu </li></ul><ul><li>2. Go to OPTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>3. Select USER PREFERENCE tab </li></ul><ul><li>4. In the AutoCAD Design Center portion set: </li></ul><ul><li>- Source Content Units = meters </li></ul><ul><li>- Target Drawing Units = meters </li></ul><ul><li>5. Then click OK to close the dialog box </li></ul><ul><li>NOTE: </li></ul><ul><li>You will do this each time you start a new drawing file not unless you create your own standard office-drawing template </li></ul>
  33. 37. None F12 Object Snap Tracking (same as F3) F11 Polar Tracking - (frequently used) F10 SNAPMODE - (frequently used) F9 ORTHOMODE - (frequently used) F8 GRIDMODE F7 DUCS F6 ISOPLANE F5 TABMODE F4 OSNAP - (frequently used) F3 Text window F2 This key is generally associated with HELP F1 DESCRIPTION STRING FUNCTION KEYS
  34. 38. <ul><li>> F4 is useful if you are using a digitizing pen or tablet PC. Not much of help when you're using a mouse to control the cursor </li></ul><ul><li>> F7 not much of a use. It just turns the grid on. It visually shows you where your drawing limits are (that is if you set limits). </li></ul>
  35. 39. <ul><li>ESC and ENTER button </li></ul><ul><li>- pressing either Esc or Enter button terminates the current command </li></ul><ul><li>- Pressing Esc button twice deselect a selected object </li></ul><ul><li>- Pressing Enter once accepts a typed in command or value </li></ul>
  36. 40. <ul><li>The Mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Left click </li></ul><ul><li>- pick or point button </li></ul><ul><li>- used to specify a point/ location/ position/ selection </li></ul><ul><li>Right click </li></ul><ul><li>- Return or Enter or Properties button </li></ul><ul><li>- to either open the shortcut menu or repeat last command </li></ul>
  37. 41. <ul><li>OBJECT SELECTION </li></ul><ul><li>Point selection method </li></ul><ul><li>Window selection method </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing selection method </li></ul><ul><li>Fencing selection method </li></ul>
  39. 43. RESETTING AUTOCAD WINDOW If your AutoCAD window have been customized and you want to set it back to its default interface, follow these steps: Tools> Options> Profiles> Reset> Yes By default: 1. Object Property toolbar 2. Standard toolbar 3. Draw toolbar 4. Modify toolbar
  40. 44. <ul><li>Navigate the following: </li></ul><ul><li>FILE MENU </li></ul><ul><li>EDIT MENU- insert and link excel worksheet into AutoCAD </li></ul><ul><li>VIEW MENU- practice zooming and adding viewport </li></ul><ul><li>INSERT MENU </li></ul><ul><li>FORMAT MENU </li></ul><ul><li>TOOL MENU </li></ul><ul><li>DRAW MENU </li></ul><ul><li>DIMENSION MENU </li></ul><ul><li>MODIFY MENU </li></ul><ul><li>EXPRESS MENU </li></ul><ul><li>WINDOW MENU </li></ul><ul><li>HELP MENU </li></ul>
  41. 45. M’L LENGTH OF REBAR (M) = 6 1.O 0.5 6 4 C 1.O 0.5 7.5 3 B 1.O 0.5 9 2 A 1.O 0.5 12 1 AA SAND GRAVEL CEMENT CODE CLASS CONCRETE TABLE
  42. 46. <ul><li>REPEATING COMMANDS </li></ul><ul><li>if no command is active, you can repeat the previous command by pressing ENTER or SPACEBAR </li></ul><ul><li>or by right clicking in the drawing area and choosing the Repeat Command Name option from the shortcut menu. </li></ul>
  43. 47. <ul><li>PASSWORDS AND DIGITAL SIGNATURE </li></ul><ul><li>You can password protect drawings and add a digital signature to them. </li></ul><ul><li>Command: SECURITYOPTIONS </li></ul>
  44. 48. <ul><li>SUMMARY OF DRAW COMMANDS </li></ul><ul><li>A. Linears </li></ul><ul><li>1.Line </li></ul><ul><li>2.Trace </li></ul><ul><li>3.PLine </li></ul><ul><li>4.Sketch </li></ul><ul><li>5.MLine (Multiline) </li></ul><ul><li>6.Ray </li></ul><ul><li>7.XLINE (Construction Line) </li></ul>
  45. 49. <ul><li>B. Curves </li></ul><ul><li>8.Circle </li></ul><ul><li>9.Donut </li></ul><ul><li>10.Ellipse </li></ul><ul><li>11.Spline </li></ul><ul><li>12.Arc </li></ul>
  46. 50. <ul><li>C. Special Objects </li></ul><ul><li>13.Rectangle </li></ul><ul><li>14.Polygon </li></ul><ul><li>15.Hatch </li></ul><ul><li>16.Gradient fills </li></ul><ul><li>D. Point </li></ul><ul><li>E. Text/Dtext/Mtext </li></ul>
  47. 51. <ul><li>SPECIAL TEXT CHARACTERS </li></ul><ul><li>%%p - draws a plus/minus symbol = ±2.00m </li></ul><ul><li>%%d - draws a degree symbol = 45º </li></ul><ul><li>%%c - draws a diameter symbol = 16mmø </li></ul><ul><li>%%u - draws an underscore </li></ul><ul><li>ex.: ACADR 2007 = %%uACADR%%u2007 </li></ul><ul><li>%%0 - draws an overscore </li></ul><ul><li>ex.: doña = do%%on%%oa </li></ul>
  48. 52. <ul><li>CHARACTER MAP </li></ul><ul><li>ALT + 0177 = (±) symbol </li></ul><ul><li>ALT + 0178 = (²) symbol </li></ul><ul><li>ALT + 0179 = (³) symbol </li></ul><ul><li>ALT + 0186 = (º) symbol </li></ul><ul><li>ALT + 0188 = (¼) symbol </li></ul><ul><li>ALT + 0189 = (½) symbol </li></ul><ul><li>ALT + 0190 = (¾) symbol </li></ul>
  49. 53. <ul><li>MODIFY AND EDIT COMMANDS </li></ul><ul><li>using Offset, Fillet, Trim and Extend </li></ul><ul><li>Create a 3X4 Studio room </li></ul><ul><li>Offset distance = 150mm = 0.15m </li></ul><ul><li>VPORTS - use three:below </li></ul>
  50. 54. <ul><li>Model space - this is where to create or draw </li></ul><ul><li>Paper space - print preview </li></ul><ul><li>Convert inches to mm </li></ul><ul><li>11&quot; = 279.5mm </li></ul><ul><li>8.5&quot; = 216mm </li></ul><ul><li>First way, use grid extents </li></ul><ul><li>command: limits </li></ul><ul><li>Other way, use bounding objects </li></ul>
  51. 55. <ul><li>CREATING YOUR OWN 20&quot;X30&quot; TITLE BLOCK (507.5x762mm) </li></ul><ul><li>Command : rectang or rec </li></ul><ul><li>offset: margins = 20mm </li></ul><ul><li>another offset on left = 45mm </li></ul>
  52. 56. <ul><li>1. Commands to Duplicate </li></ul><ul><li>a.COpy </li></ul><ul><li>b.Offset </li></ul><ul><li>c.ARray </li></ul><ul><li>d.MIrror (set MIRRTEXT=0) </li></ul>
  53. 57. <ul><li>2. Commands to clean corners </li></ul><ul><li>a.Fillet </li></ul><ul><li>b.CHamfer </li></ul>
  54. 58. <ul><li>3. Commands to edit Plines </li></ul><ul><li>a.Explode </li></ul><ul><li>b.PEdit </li></ul>
  55. 59. 4. Commands to edit text a.Spell b.DDedit c.DDmodify
  56. 60. <ul><li>5. Commands to edit attributes </li></ul><ul><li>a.Attedit </li></ul><ul><li>b.Ddatte </li></ul>
  57. 61. <ul><li>6. Commands to change position of endpoints </li></ul><ul><li>a.Trim </li></ul><ul><li>b.Extend </li></ul><ul><li>c.Lengthen </li></ul><ul><li>d.Grip(stretch) </li></ul><ul><li>e.Stretch </li></ul><ul><li>f.Change point </li></ul>
  58. 62. <ul><li>7. Commands to mark/measure linears/curves </li></ul><ul><li>a.Measure </li></ul><ul><li>b.Divide </li></ul>
  59. 63. <ul><li>8. Use grips </li></ul><ul><li>9. Others </li></ul><ul><li>a.SCale </li></ul><ul><li>b.ROtate </li></ul><ul><li>c.Move </li></ul><ul><li>d.Erase </li></ul>
  60. 64. <ul><li>COMMANDS TO EDIT TEXT </li></ul><ul><li>1.SPELL(sp) - command to check text spelling </li></ul><ul><li>2.DDEDIT(ed) - command to edit text value </li></ul><ul><li>3.DDMODIFY - command to edit text LOCATION,HEIGHT,ANGLE & VALUE </li></ul>
  61. 65. <ul><li>COMMANDS TO EDIT ATTRIBUTE </li></ul><ul><li>ATTRIBUTES - an attribute is an informational text associated with a block </li></ul><ul><li>COMMANDS ASSOCIATED: </li></ul><ul><li>1.ATTDEF or DDATTDEF(att) - command to define an attribute </li></ul><ul><li>Attribute modes: </li></ul><ul><li>Invinsible - the attribute value wont appear. ATTDISP overrides invisible mode. </li></ul><ul><li>Constant - gives attribute a fixed value for block insertion </li></ul><ul><li>Verify - prompts attribute value twice </li></ul><ul><li>Preset - sets the value to its default when you insert a block. </li></ul><ul><li>2. ATTEDIT or DDATTE - edits attribute value </li></ul><ul><li>3. ATTDISP - globally controls attributes visibility. Turns attributes on/off. </li></ul>
  62. 66. <ul><li>EXERCISE: Creating and Inserting a Door Schedule tag </li></ul><ul><li>Step1: Create a circle (r=217) with a horizontal line on its quadrant </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Font style should already be created </li></ul><ul><li>command:STYLE or st </li></ul><ul><li>Step2: Define an attribute for the door no. </li></ul><ul><li>Command: ATTDEF </li></ul><ul><li>TAG: DOORNO. </li></ul><ul><li>PROMPT: ENTER DOOR NO. </li></ul><ul><li>VALUE: D1 </li></ul><ul><li>JUSTIFY: BOTTOM CENTER </li></ul><ul><li>MODE: VERIFY </li></ul><ul><li>HEIGHT: 75 </li></ul><ul><li>PICK POINT: pick approximately above the center point </li></ul><ul><li>OK! </li></ul>
  63. 67. <ul><li>Step3: define an attribute for the sheet no. </li></ul><ul><li>Command: ATTDEF </li></ul><ul><li>TAG: SHEETNO. </li></ul><ul><li>PROMPT: ENTER SHEET NO. </li></ul><ul><li>VALUE: AR-1 </li></ul><ul><li>JUSTIFY: TOP CENTER </li></ul><ul><li>MODE: VERIFY </li></ul><ul><li>HEIGHT: 75 </li></ul><ul><li>PICK POINT: pick approximately below the center point </li></ul><ul><li>OK! </li></ul>
  64. 68. <ul><li>Step4: convert into a block </li></ul><ul><li>Command: WBLOCK </li></ul><ul><li>SAVE AS: c:my documents(your folder)doortag.dwg </li></ul><ul><li>Step5: Open file: c:my documents(your folder)studio room.dwg </li></ul><ul><li>Step6: Insert DOOR TAG on the plan </li></ul><ul><li>Command: INSERT or i </li></ul><ul><li>Browse: c:my documents(your folder)doortag.dwg </li></ul><ul><li>ENTER DOOR NO.<D1>:D2 </li></ul><ul><li>ENTER SHEET NO.<AR-1>:AR-7 </li></ul><ul><li>Tip: </li></ul><ul><li>*we can edit the attribute by ATTEDIT command </li></ul>
  65. 69. <ul><li>COMMANDS TO CHANGE POSITION OF ENDPOINTS </li></ul><ul><li>1.TRIM or TR </li></ul><ul><li>2.EXTEND or EX </li></ul><ul><li>3.LENGTHEN or LEN - command to lengthen or shorten some linear and curves </li></ul><ul><li>OPTIONS: (for lengthen) </li></ul><ul><li>SELECT OBJECT - displays the length of the selected object </li></ul><ul><li>>DELTA - adding length to a specified object </li></ul><ul><li>>PERCENT - specify percentage of the total length to be added or subtracted </li></ul><ul><li>>TOTAL - sets a new total length to a specified object </li></ul><ul><li>>DYNAMIC - lengthen or shorten an object by dynamic dragging </li></ul>
  66. 70. 4.GRIP(stretch) 5.STRETCH - command to resize or relocate selected objects always use CROSSING or CROSSING POLYGON to select parts of an object to stretch Command: STRETCH or s select objects: C or CP select objects:(press enter) basepoint or displacement:(pick anywhere outside) second point of discplacement:(drag down and pick) 6.CHANGE point(-ch) - command to change location of point, also used to lengthen or shorten lines
  67. 71. <ul><li>COMMANDS TO MARK/MEASURE </li></ul><ul><li>POINT(po), MEASURE(me) and DIVIDE(div) </li></ul><ul><li>OTHER MODIFICATION COMMANDS </li></ul><ul><li>1.SCALE (sc) - enlarges or reduces selected objects equally in the x,y, and z directions </li></ul><ul><li>2.ROTATE (ro) - rotate selected objects at specified base point and angle </li></ul><ul><li>3.MOVE (m) - relocate selected objects </li></ul>
  68. 72. <ul><li>WORKING WITH LAYERS AND PROPERTIES </li></ul><ul><li>Layers(la)-an electronic overlay similar to acetate. Layers are the equivalent of the overlays used in paper-based drafting or manual animation. Every layer has an associated color and linetype. </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages of using a Layer </li></ul><ul><li>1.Easy editing </li></ul><ul><li>2.Easy selecting </li></ul><ul><li>3.Control of regeneration </li></ul><ul><li>4.Selective printing </li></ul>
  69. 73. <ul><li>Capabilities of Layers </li></ul><ul><li>1.OFF -objects in layer turned off are invisible on screen or in plotting, but included in REGENeration. Use on to restore visibility. </li></ul><ul><li>2.ON -turn on layers </li></ul><ul><li>3.FREEZE -same effect using OFF, Frozen objects are not included in REGENeration thus improve your production speed. </li></ul><ul><li>4.UNFREEZE -disable FREEZE </li></ul><ul><li>5.LOCK -you cannot edit objects on locked layers. However they are still visible if the layer is on. </li></ul><ul><li>6.UNLOCK -objects can be edited again when unlocked </li></ul><ul><li>7.PLOT/NO PLOT -prevents the selected layers from being plotted </li></ul>
  70. 74. <ul><li>Match Properties </li></ul><ul><li>Command: matchprop or painter </li></ul><ul><li>Select source object: Select the object whose properties you want to copy </li></ul><ul><li>Current active settings: Currently selected matchprop settings </li></ul><ul><li>Select destination object(s) or [Settings]: Enter s or select one or more objects to copy properties to </li></ul>
  71. 75. TEXT / MTEXT AutoCAD® provides various ways to create text. For short, simple entries, use line text. For longer entries with internal formatting, use multiline text. Although all entered text uses the current text style, which establishes the default font and format settings, you can customize the text appearance.
  72. 76. TEXT – Text Single Line <ul><li>Displays text on screen as entered. Text lines are independent to each other. </li></ul>Command: TEXT Current text style: “Standard” Text height: 0.2000 (press ENTER) Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]: (pick a location point) Specify height <0.2000>: (press ENTER) Specify rotation angle of text <0>: (press ENTER) Enter text: AUTOCAD 2007 (press ENTER) Enter text: Informatics Computer (press ENTER) Enter text: Training Institute (press ENTER) Enter text: *Cancel* (press ESC)
  73. 78. Here in this example Fit Justification was used
  74. 79. How to create text style <ul><li>You can set a style for your text so that everytime you start creating text it is set to your own chosen style and font type. </li></ul>STEP 1: go to Format menu and select Text Style
  75. 80. STEP 2: In the dialog box click New and name it “my text”
  76. 81. STEP 3: Select “simplex” on the Font Name and give it a height of 3.5 (3.5mm in the real world) then click apply, and then close. STEP 4: command: text and type “AutoCAD 2007”. See that “my text” style is now the current font style. NOTE: You can always go back to the standard style by changing the style name in the text style dialog box.
  77. 82. Mtext (Multiline Text Editor) <ul><li>A brand new Mtext editor overhauls the capabilities of Mtext. Important new features includes: </li></ul><ul><li>You can indent and tab text to create columns and tables (also called schedules) </li></ul><ul><li>You can set line spacing (using the Line Spacing options of the MTEXT command on the command line) and change existing line spacing (using the Properties palette) to fit text into tables. </li></ul><ul><li>The editor has been redesigned. It zooms text in and out if necessary to make it readable. (You can switch this feature off) It includes a top ruler like the one in your word processor. For example, you can use the ruler to set tabs. </li></ul><ul><li>A new context (right-click) menu contains most of the editor’s features </li></ul>
  78. 84. During editing, you work in the new Mtext editor When you’re done, the text fits perfectly in the table
  79. 85. Using Multiline text <ul><li>Command: t </li></ul><ul><li>MTEXT Current text style: “Standard” Text Height: 0.2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Specify first corner: (pick and drag a window box) </li></ul><ul><li>Specify opposite corner or [Height/Justify/Line Spacing/Rotation/Style/Width]: </li></ul><ul><li>(then type a paragraph in the dialog box… you can choose the font, size, style, and color in the dialog box) </li></ul>
  80. 86. <ul><li>Tip: “For older AutoCAD version we use DDEDIT command to revise the text that we’ve typed in. But for newer version we just double-left click on the text and place the cursor to the text which we are going to change”. </li></ul>SPECIAL TEXT CHARACTERS %%p - draws a plus/minus symbol = ±2.00m %%d - draws a degree symbol = 45º %%c - draws a diameter symbol = 16mmø For older version we can use: %%u - draws an underscore ex.: ACADR 2007 = %%uACADR%%u2007 Or simply highlight the text then press Ctrl+U for underline %%o - draws an overscore ex.: doña = do%%on%%oa Or just used Alt+164 for lower case ñ and Alt+165 for upper case Ñ
  81. 87. <ul><li>Here’s more! To make it easier for you... </li></ul><ul><li>CHARACTER MAP </li></ul><ul><li>ALT + 0177 = (±) symbol </li></ul><ul><li>ALT + 0178 = (²) symbol </li></ul><ul><li>ALT + 0179 = (³) symbol </li></ul><ul><li>ALT + 0186 = (º) symbol </li></ul><ul><li>ALT + 0188 = (¼) symbol </li></ul><ul><li>ALT + 0189 = (½) symbol </li></ul><ul><li>ALT + 0190 = (¾) symbol </li></ul>Tip: ”If you want to insert special text using Mline characters click on the symbol icon button in its dialog box”.
  82. 88. Dimensioning <ul><li>Dimensioning is the process of adding measurement annotation to a drawing. You can create dimension styles to format dimensions in your drawing conform to industry or project standards. </li></ul>
  83. 89. Dimension Type and Method <ul><li>Linear – measures a straight line distance. It can be vertical or horizontal. </li></ul><ul><li>Aligned – A linear dimension that is parallel to the object being measured. </li></ul><ul><li>Ordinate – Creates a dimension showing x or y ordinate points </li></ul><ul><li>Radius – Measures the radius of circles and arcs </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter – Measures the diameter of circles and arcs </li></ul><ul><li>Angular – Measures angles </li></ul>
  84. 90. Using Linear Dimension <ul><li>Or you can just type in “dli” command </li></ul>
  85. 91. Using Aligned Dimension <ul><li>Or you can just type in “dal” command </li></ul>
  86. 92. Using Ordinate Dimension <ul><li>Or you can just type in “id” or “dor” command </li></ul>
  87. 93. Using Radius Dimension <ul><li>Or you can just type in “dra” command </li></ul>
  88. 94. Using Diameter Dimension <ul><li>Or you can just type in “ddi” command </li></ul>
  89. 95. Using Angular Dimension <ul><li>Or you can just type in “dan” command </li></ul>
  90. 96. Continue Dimension <ul><li>Once a single dimension has been </li></ul><ul><li>placed in a drawing, if there is a need </li></ul><ul><li>for more dimension to be placed in </li></ul><ul><li>such a way that the dimension lines of </li></ul><ul><li>the new dimension line up with those </li></ul><ul><li>of the first, use the continue option. </li></ul>
  91. 97. Using Continue Dimension <ul><li>Or you can just type in “dco” command after a “dli” command </li></ul>
  92. 98. Baseline Dimension <ul><li>It works the same way as continued </li></ul><ul><li>dimensioning, but it places each new </li></ul><ul><li>dimension above the last dimension </li></ul><ul><li>and measures all dimensions from the </li></ul><ul><li>same base point. </li></ul>
  93. 99. Using Baseline Dimension <ul><li>To set baseline offset type dimdli and assign a </li></ul><ul><li>distance </li></ul>Or you can just type in “dba” command
  94. 100. DIMDLI <ul><li>Controls the spacing of the dimension lines in baseline dimensions. Each dimension line os offset from the previous one by this amount, if necessary, to avoid drawing over it. Changes made with DIMDLI are not applied to existing dimensions. When the location of baseline is undesirable type “U” for undo then re-pick the baseline points again. </li></ul>
  95. 101. Controlling Dimension Scale <ul><li>DIMSCALE – Overall Scale Factor (sizes of dim variables). </li></ul><ul><li>Also affects the scale of leader objects created with the LEADER command </li></ul><ul><li>DIMSCALE does not affect tolerances or measured lengths, coordinates, or angles. </li></ul>
  96. 102. <ul><li>DIMLFAC – Linear unit scale factor </li></ul><ul><li>DIMLFAC affects the measured length of the linear dimensions. All linear dimension distances, including radii, diameters, and coordinates are multiplied by DIMLFAC before being converted to dimension text. </li></ul>
  97. 103. EXERCISE: Set DIMSCALE value to 100 and then Update the leader object
  98. 104. Plotting Created by: Chris Gonzalo Special Thanks to Mark
  99. 105. <ul><li>Model Space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A three-dimensional drawing environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can create 2D and 3D </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TILEMODE is set to 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can create TILED VIEWPORTS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only active viewport is printable </li></ul></ul>
  100. 107. <ul><li>Paper Space </li></ul><ul><li>A two-dimensional drawing environment </li></ul><ul><li>Used to compose your final drawing and ready for plotting </li></ul><ul><li>TILEMODE is set to 0 </li></ul><ul><li>You can create different FLOATING VIEWPORTS </li></ul>
  101. 109. Commands associated with Paper Space and Model Space <ul><li>TILEMODE - To switch to paper space (0) or to model space (1) </li></ul><ul><li>MS - Switches from paper space to modem space viewport </li></ul><ul><li>PS - Switches from a model space </li></ul>
  102. 110. Page Setup <ul><li>Specifies the layout page, plotting device, paper size, and settings for each new layout. </li></ul>
  103. 111. Let’s finalize the composition of the new Plan STEP 1: Open your own Final Floor Plan STEP 2: Start to layout the plan in paper space… Pick the Layout1 tab STEP 3: In the Page Setup dialog box, set the plotter’s name to be used.
  104. 112. NOTE: If your plotter is not yet included in the list, go to File menu… Plotter Manager… double click Add a Plotter Wizard icon.
  105. 113. STEP 4: Create your own Paper Size (user defined) Choose Properties (at the right side of the plotter name) to launch the Plotter Configuration Editor. <ul><li>In the Plotter Configuration Editor, choose Custom Paper Sizes at the bottom of the list. </li></ul><ul><li>In the Plotter Configuration Editor, choose Add button to launch the Custom Paper Size wizard. </li></ul>
  106. 114. Select Custom Paper Sizes, and then the Add… button
  107. 115. On the Custom Paper Size wizard – Begin page, choose Start from Scratch. Choose Next.
  108. 116. On the Custom Paper Size wizard – Media Bounds page, in the Units list, choose either Inches or Millimeters for paper size. Units = millimeters Width = 762 Height = 508 Click Next button…
  109. 117. <ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>If you are creating a paper size that is larger than the paper sizes offered as standard paper size, verify that the plotter is capable of plotting within the new dimensions by using the Print Test Page button on the Finish page. </li></ul>On the Custom paper Size wizard – Printable Area page, use Top, Bottom, Left, and Right to specify the non-printable area. Then choose Next.
  110. 118. <ul><li>On the Custom Paper Size wizard – Paper Size Name page, type in a name for the paper size. Then choose Next. Then click Finish to exit the Custom Paper Size wizard . </li></ul><ul><li>Name it = My 20x30 paper </li></ul><ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>For older versions, you also have to type in a name for the PMP file. You also have to specify whether the paper source is Sheet-fed or Roll-fed. </li></ul><ul><li>In the Plotter Configuration Editor, choose OK to save your changes </li></ul><ul><li>When you are prompted to save a plotter configuration file, select Save Changes to the Following File, and then choose OK. </li></ul>A plotter configuration file has now been created containing the new paper size. The plotter configuration file will appear in the Plot Device list in the Plot dialog box. Make sure you select this plotter configuration file when you plot.
  111. 119. STEP 5: Create your own Plot Style Table (user defined) In the Page Setup dialog box, click on the drop down arrow for Plot Style Table (pen assignments), choose New to launch the Plot Style Table wizard.
  112. 120. On the Plot Style Table wizard – Begin page, choose Start from Scratch. <ul><li>Page under construction </li></ul><ul><li>Check again next time </li></ul>
  113. 121. FOR NOW… MORE TO COME