The Financial Analysis Report on Hyundai Motor India Limited (HMIL)
The Financial Analysis Report
“Hyundai Motor India Limited (HMIL) "
Submitted By: Mehul B. Gondaliya (13052)
Roll No: 13052
2nd SEM - MBA.
Academic year: 2013-15
G H Patel Post Graduate Institute of Business Management
Submitted To: Dr.P.K.Priyan.
As a part of our MBA curriculum we are assigned various projects under
different subjects to impart practical know-how of the industry.
This report is a study of Hyundai Motor India Limited (HMIL) under the
subject Financial Management.
In this report we have compiled the information pertaining to Hyundai Motor
India Limited (HMIL), Profit & Loss A/C, Balance Sheet, Cash Flow statement
and Ratio Analysis.
Chapter Topic Page No.
Objectives of the study 03
1.1 History 05
2 Data Analysis and Interpretation 08
3. Ratio analysis 11
3.1 Liquidity ratio 11
3.2 Leverage ratio 13
3.3 Activity ratio 14
3.4 Profitability ratio 16
3.5 Dividend payout 18
3.6 Du Pont 19
4. Conclusion 20
5. Annexure 21
6. Bibliography 23
The objective of study
The report contains the information of financial ratios of the Hyundai Motor
India Limited (HMIL), a big name in auto mobile. The report is being prepared
as a part of academic course that is financial management.
This report is basically prepared for knowing the financial strength and
weakness of the company and the liquidity position of the company.
To know the financial strength and weakness of the company, the ratio analysis
has been used as a key tool.
The data is collected through secondary sources namely Software (capita line
plus) and Reference book (I. M. Pandey).
Hyundai Motor India Limited is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Hyundai
Motor Company in India. It is the 2nd largest automobile manufacturer in India.
Hyundai/Atos Prime is made only by Hyundai Motor India Limited.
Hyundai Motor India Limited was formed in 6 May 1996 by the Hyundai Motor
Company of South Korea. When Hyundai Motor Company entered the Indian
Automobile Market in 1996 the Hyundai brand was almost unknown throughout
India. During the entry of Hyundai in 1996, there were only five major
automobile manufacturers in India, i.e. Maruti, Hindustan, Premier, Tata and
Mahindra. Daewoo had entered the Indian automobile market with cielo just
three years back while Ford, Opel and Honda had entered less than a year back.
For more than a decade till Hyundai arrived, Maruti Suzuki had a near
monopoly over the passenger cars segment because TELCO and M&M were
solely utility and commercial vehicle manufacturers, while Hindustan and
Premier both built outdated and uncompetitive products.
HMIL's first car, the Hyundai Santro was launched in 23 September 1998 and
was a runaway success. Within a few months of its inception HMIL became the
second largest automobile manufacturer and the largest automobile exporter in
India. Hyundai Motor India Limited (HMIL) is a wholly owned subsidiary of
Hyundai Motor Company (HMC), South Korea and is the largest passenger car
exporter and the second largest car manufacturer in India. HMIL presently
markets 10 models - Eon, Santro, i10, Grand i10, Xcent, i20, Verna, Elantra,
Sonata and Santa Fe.
HMIL’s manufacturing plant near Chennai claims to have the most advanced
production, quality and testing capabilities in the country. To cater to rising
demand, HMIL commissioned its second plant in February 2008, which
produces an additional 300,000 units per annum, raising HMIL’s total
production capacity to 600,000 units per annum.
HMC has set up a research and development facility(Hyundai Motor India
Engineering - HMIE) in the cyber city of Hyderabad.
As HMC’s global export hub for compact cars, HMIL is the first automotive
company in India to achieve the export of 10 lakh cars in just over a decade.
HMIL currently exports cars to more than 120 countries across EU, Africa,
Middle East, Latin America, Asia and Australia. It has been the number one
exporter of passenger cars of the country for the eighth year in a row.
To support its growth and expansion plans, HMIL currently has 388 strong
dealer network and more than 1000 strong service points across India, which
will see further expansion in 2014. In July 2012, Arvind Saxena, the Director of
Marketing and Sales stepped down from the position after serving the company
for 7 long years.
Hyundai Motor India Limited (HMIL) is a wholly owned subsidiary of Hyundai
Motor Company, South Korea and is the second largest car manufacturer and
the largest passenger car exporter from India. HMIL presently markets eight
passenger car models across segments - in the A2 segment it has the Eon,
Santro, i10 and the i20, in the A3 segment the Accent and the Verna, in the A5
segment Sonata and in the SUV segment the Santa Fe. The company has a fully
integrated state-of-the-art manufacturing plant near Chennai.
The company was incorporated in the year 1996. In September 27, 1998,
Hyundai Santro (Atos Prime) makes its world debut in India and in March 31,
1999 the company emerged as the second largest auto-manufacturer in the
country. In October 14, 1999, the company launched 'Hyundai Accent' and in
May 8, 2000, it launched 'SantrozipDrive'. In July 18, 200l, the company
launched new luxury car 'Sedan Sonata'. In August 16, 2002, the company
launched 'Accent VIVA' and in September 6, 2002, it launched Santro
Automatic Transmission. In October 10, 2002, the company launched 'Accent
CRDi'. During the year 2003-2004, the company increased the installed capacity
of Motor Vehicle from 124,800 Nos to 160,000 Nos. During the year, the
company was selected as the 'Car Maker of the Year' by ICIC Overdrive.
During the year, the company commenced exporting car to Western Europe and
Eastern Europe. During the year 2004-2005, the company increased the
installed capacity of Motor Vehicle from 160,000 Nos to 250,000 Nos. During
the year, the company launched 'Elantra' an 'Getz'. During the year 2005-2006,
the company performance evaluation setting done by benchmarking competitor
model to improve fuel efficiency of Gets Models. During the year, the company
expanded its exports markets to United Kingdom, Malta, Serbia, Africa,
Turkey, Afghanistan, Qatarand Latin America.
During the year 2006-2007, the company launched new mid-size segment
model 'Verna' and also introduced Sonata CRDi- Diesel variant & Getz prime
with 1.1L. During the year, the company successfully started exporting Getz
model to European Countries and in the same year, the company increased
installed capacity of Motor Vehicle from 250,000 Nos to 300,000 Nos.
During the year 2007-2008, the company introduced new service line and
reduced the level of energy consumption to a greater extend. The company
launched new car namely 'i10' during the year.
During the year 2008-2009, the company introduced 'i20' model for domestic
and export markets in the B+ segments and in the same year, the company
brought out LPG version of Santro and Accent Automatic DSL and Sonata
Transform. During the year 2009-2010, the company launched 1.4 litre diesel
and 1.4 litre petrol Automatic variant of its premium hatchback, `i20', in
addition to introducing Accent LPG variant and facelift Santro for domestic
market. The company exported its products to over 110 countries compared to
100 countries during last year. The company crossed the milestone of 2.5
million cars production and sales during the current year.
In 2010-2011, the company introduced Verna Transform and next generation
`i10'. The company exported its vehicles to more than 120 countries. The
company crossed the milestone of 3 million cars of production and sales during
DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
Financial analysis is the process of identifying the financial strengths and
weaknesses of the firm by properly establishing relationships between the items
of the balance sheet and the profit & loss account / Income statement.
A financial statement is an organized collection of data according to
logical and consistent accounting procedures. Its purpose is to convey an
understanding of some financial aspects of a business firm. It may show a
position at a moment of time as in the case of a balance sheet, or may reveal a
series of activities over a given period of time, as in the case of an income
Thus, the term financial statement generally refers to the basis statements;
1. The income statement
2. The balance sheet
3. A statement of retained earnings
4. A statement of charge in financial position in addition to the above
Financial statement analysis:
It is the process of identifying the financial strength and weakness of a
firm from the available accounting data and financial statement. The analysis is
done by properly establishing the relationship between the items of balance
sheet and profit and loss account the first task of financial analyst is to
determine the information relevant to the decision under consideration from the
total information contained in the financial statement. The second step is to
arrange information in a way to highlight significant relationship. The final step
is interpretation and drawing of inferences and conclusion. Thus financial
analysis is the process of selection relating and evaluation of the accounting
data or information.
Analysis of Profit and loss account:
From annexure 4.1 the profit and loss account is the one of the basic statement
of the company showing the financial position of the company.
The profit and loss account of Hyundai Motor India Ltd shows the profit of the
firm year by year as follow.
Financial Year 2003 – 164.75crs
Financial Year 2004 –378.85crs
Financial Year 2005 –406.92crs
Financial Year 2006 –525.1crs
Financial Year 2007 –466.74crs
Financial Year 2008 –514.12crs
Financial Year 2009 –195.63crs
Financial Year 2010 –375.53crs
Financial Year 2011 –794.28crs
Financial Year 2012 –836.2crs
The net profit after tax increased in the initial years but came down in
year 2009 and 2010 because of booming in the economy. The company’s
profit fell to almost its half in years because of slowdown in economy
across the globe. The company reached to its pick in year 2011 because
of recovery of economy.
Reported Net Profit
The Ratio analysis
Ratio analysis is a powerful tool for the interpretation of the financial statement.
A ratio can be defined as “the indicated quotient of two mathematical
expressions” in financial analysis the ratio is used as the benchmark for
evaluating the financial position and performance of a firm.
The relation between two accounting figures, expressed mathematically, is
known as financial ratios.
The types of ratios
1. Liquidity Ratios – Measure the firm’s ability to meet current obligations.
2. Leverage Ratios – Measure the proportion of debt and equity in financing
3. Activity Ratios – Measure the firm’s efficiency in utilizing its assets.
4. Profitability Ratios – Measure overall performance and effectiveness of
3.1 Liquidity ratios
Liquidity is a crucial aspect of the financial management of the company
because the bed liquidity condition can damage the image of the firm. If the
firm is not able to pay the debts in time, it will result in to the loss of
creditworthiness in the market, loss of creditors’ confidence. On the other hand
the excessive liquidity is also not favourable because idle asset earn nothing.
There are two types of liquidity ratios
1. Current ratio = current assets/current liabilities
2. Quick ratio = (current assets-inventory)/ current liabilities
Ratios 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003
Current ratio 1.45 1.42 1.48 1.16 0.99 1.36 1.27 1.14 1.25 1.67
Quick ratio 2.09 2.17 1.61 2.03 1.86 2.37 2.26 2.55 2.34 1.69
Table 1: liquidity ratios
Figure 3.1: current ratio (source: capita line database)
Figure 3.2: Quick ratio
The current ratio is considered to be satisfactory if it is 2:1. But it differs from
the industry to industry. The current ratio represents the margin of safety. The
greater the current ratio, the greater is the ability of the firm to meet its current
obligations. The current ratio of the Hyundai Motor India Ltd reflects the
satisfactory current position of the firm.
On the other hand the quick ratio shows the liquidity position of the company.
This ratio is considered to be favourable if it is approximately 1:1. The quick
ratio shows the test of the quality of the current assets while the current ratio
shows merely the test of quantity of the current assets. The quick ratio of the
Hyundai Motor India Ltd shows the favourable liquidity condition.
3.2 Leverage ratios
Leverage is a factor which can be used to magnify the income of the owner i.e.
Equity shareholder of the company. This is done through introduction of debt or
fixed interest bearing capital in to the capital structure of the company. On the
other hand the financial leverage becomes burden when the company is not able
to earn the rate of return on the capital employed which is equal to the rate of
interest on the debt.
The leverage ratios of the Hyundai Motor India Ltd is as follows
1. Long term debt – equity ratio = long term debt /net worth
2. Total debt – equity ratio = total debt /net worth
Ratios 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003
Long term debt /
Equity 1.67 1.71 1.68 2.38 2.02 1.75 1.25 1.27 1.47 1.56
Total debt/equity 1.67 1.71 1.68 2.38 2.02 1.72 1.22 1.29 1.53 1.64
ratio 13.69 27.71 6.82 2.35 5.47 51.84 241.26 47.26 39.89 16.29
Table 2: Leverage ratios
Figure 3.3: net worth (source: capita line database)
Net Assets/Net Worth
The above ratios show that in the year 2012, the proportion of debt is less than
the proportion of the equity in the capital structure of the company. Company is
conservative in nature and hence do not apply debt in business. This reduces
burden of external debt but simultaneously company loses tax shield benefit.
Company has to pay higher tax.
3.3 Activity Ratios
Activity ratios are employed to evaluate the efficiency with which the firm
manages and utilizes its assets. These ratios are also called turnover ratios
because they indicate the speed with which assets are being converted or turned
over into sales. Activity ratios, thus, involve a relationship between sales and
assets. A proper balance between sales and assets generally reflects that assets
are managed well.
The activity ratios of Hyundai Motor India Ltd. are as follows:
1. Inventory Turn Over Ratio = Sales / Average Inventory
2. Debtors Turn Over Ratio = Credit Sales / Average Debtors
3. Fixed Assets Turn Over Ratio = Sales / Fixed Assets
4. Total Assets Turn Over Ratio = Sales / Total Assets
5. Current Assets Turn Over Ratio= Sales / Current Assets
Ratio 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003
13.93 16.17 15.51 7.29 6.60 6.84 9.89 9.94 10.28 12.14
27.78 14.62 10.44 12.04 17.83 30.23 31.82 34.92 67.4 50.7
Turn Over Ratio 2.89 2.71 2.73 2.52 2.5 3.01 2.88 2.77 2.55 2.18
Turn Over Ratio 3.52 3.44 3.25 2.48 2.15 2.84 3.74 3.86 3.31 2.36
Turn Over Ratio 1.45 1.42 1.48 1.16 0.99 1.36 1.27 1.14 1.25 1.67
Table 3: Activity Ratios
Figure 3.4: Activity Ratios (Source: capital line database)
The figure 3.4 highlights the activity ratios in which, Assets turnover ratio
measures how efficiently assets are used to maximize sales. A firm’s ability to
produce a large volume of sales for a given amount of net assets is the most
important aspect of its operating performance. The net assets turnover should be
interpreted cautiously. The net assets in the denominator of the ratio include
fixed assets net of depreciation. Thus old assets with lower book values may
create a misleading impression of high turnover without any improvement in
sales. For Hyundai Motor India Ltd., the asset turnover ratio is increasing
uniformly over the period from 2008. The assets of the company are properly
used for generating sales.
Inventory turnover ratio measures the efficiency of inventory management.
Therefore ideally an increasing trend is expected. Inventory turnover ratio is
more stabilize one with less fluctuation over a period of time which indicates
effective inventory management. The chart reflects there is declining trend till
2008. We can see an improvement in ratio in 2012 which is 17.36 which
indicates better management of inventories. Hence we can say that inventory is
converted into sales at a faster pace from previous year.
Fixed Assets 2.89 2.71 2.73 2.52 2.5 3.01 2.88 2.77 2.55 2.18
Inventory 17.36 17.06 12.25 9.07 8.08 9.81 12.29 13.35 15.85 15.55
Debtors 27.78 14.62 10.44 12.04 17.83 30.23 31.82 34.92 67.4 50.7
Debtors turnover ratio and collection period measure the speed with which the
accounts receivable are collected. A reduction in collection period would mean
faster conversion of debtors into cash and so the company can meet its working
capital requirement in a better manner. The chart shows slowly fluctuating trend
of Hyundai Motor India Ltd. debtor turnover ratio up to 2012.
3.4 Profitability ratios
The above sentence clearly states the importance of profitability. If the firm is
not making the profit then it becomes the burden for the society. Everything
starts with profit in the business. Unless and until the company is able to make
profit it cannot meet the expectation of the stakeholders of the company and the
share pricing will be falling. So the share price will not be there where it
The profitability of the company can be measured by following ratios.
3.4.1Return on Net worth:
Definition: It is the relationship between profit after tax and net worth.
Formula: EBIT (1-tax rate) / Net Worth
3.4.2 Return on capital employed:
Definition: It is the relationship between profit after tax and total capital
Formula: EBIT (1-tax rate) / Capital employed
Figure: 3.5 Profitability Ratios (Source: capital line database)
Figure 3.5 indicates that profitability ratios in which, Return on equity is
calculated to see the profitability of owner’s investment. RONW indicates how
well the firm has used the resources of owners. Here we can see that the RONW
has decreased from 2006 to 2008, at 2012 its recovered profitability level, so
which is a good indication for the company and the overall profitability ratios
we can see that the profitability of the company is increasing.
Return on capital employed is obtained by dividing EBIT (1-tax rate) by capital
employed. Capital employed represents pool of funds supplied by shareholders
and lenders. This ratio therefore measures what actually a firm has earned in
comparison to the investments made. The movement of this ratio is almost
similar to the trend of return on net worth ratio.
201203 201103 201003 200903 200803 200703 200603 200503 200403 200303
ROCE (%) 19.66 20.55 10.33 7.94 7.87 20.86 35.72 32.8 34.01 16.35
RONW (%) 20.53 21.99 11.85 6.43 8.63 20.4 29.29 29.15 33.19 15.23
Percentage profitablity ratio
3.5 DIVIDEND PAYOUT
Definition: Dividend pay-out shows how much percentage of earning to be
distributed to shareholders in the form of dividends.
Formula: Dividend per Share / Earning Per Share
Figure 3.6: payout ratio (Source: capital line database)
In the figure 3.6, the payout ratio shows how much rupees available to
shareholders from net profit. From chart we can interpret that payout ratio has a
decreasing trend from 2003 to 2005 and company not paid dividend in year
2006, 2007 and 2008 then after paid in 2009. it has showed decreasing trend
2010to2011. And again it increasing in 2012, so we can say the company is not
paying regular dividend to its shareholders.
201203 201103 201003 200903 200803 200703 200603 200503 200403 200303
Payout (%) 64.39 15.74 34.3 69.68 0 0 0 31.26 33.58 73.98
3.6 DUPONT ANALYSIS
Return on Net Asset (RONA) or Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) is the
measure of the firm’s operating performance. It indicates the firms earning
power. It is a product of the asset turnover, gross profit margin and operating
leverage. All the firms would like to improve their RONA. In practice
competition puts a limit on RONA. Also, firms may have to trade-off between
asset turnover and gross profit margin. To improve profit margin, some firms
resort to vertical integration for cost reduction and synergic benefits.
RONA = Asset turnover * Gross profit margin * Operating Leverage
A firm can convert its RONA into an impressive ROE through financial
efficiency. Financial leverage and debt-equity ratios affect ROE and reflect
financial efficiency. ROE is thus a products of RONA (reflecting operating
efficiency) and financial leverage ratios (reflecting financial efficiency).
ROE = Operating Performance * Leverage Factor
The firm can convert its ROE into growth in equity through retention.
Equity Growth = ROE * Retention Ratio
The combined effect of three aspects - operating efficiency, financial efficiency
and retention shows the overall performance. The computation of ratios clearly
shows the interaction between operating ratios, profitability ratios and leverage
ratios for obtaining return on the shareholder’s earnings.
RATIOS – DUPONT MODEL OF Hyundai Motor India Ltd
Particular 2012 2011 20010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003
PBIDT/Sales (%) 38.52 49.54 43.33 43.54 39.94 44.38 44.45 49.93 43.35 43.85
Sales/Net Assets 0.56 0.55 0.58 0.59 0.68 0.73 0.74 0.73 0.83 0.63
PBDIT/Net Assets 0.22 0.27 0.25 0.25 0.27 0.32 0.33 0.36 0.36 0.28
PAT/PBIDT (%) 65.21 65.95 63.62 63.96 63.14 62.58 61.83 59.91 64.12 60.75
Net Assets/Net Worth 1.19 1.23 1.22 1.18 1.2 1.17 1.24 1.23 1.2 1.27
ROE (%) 17.63 23.87 20.48 20.2 21.59 25.2 27 28.63 29.71 22.72
Table 4: Du Pont Analysais (Source: capital line data base)
From financial analysis we can conclude that Hyundai Motor India Ltd. is
having a poor financial capacity. From all the interpretation from Current ratios,
activity ratios, liquidity ratios, profitability ratios, EPS, Dividend payout,
DuPont analysis and leverage analysis it is clear that Hyundai Motor India Ltd.
is financially poor financial capacity. Therefore, it is advised not to invest in
this company because this company not giving regular dividend to its