Native plants for your Home Garden

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Why go with native plants?
1. Indigenous to where you live for eons!’
2. Adapted to our local climate for eons!
3. Provides a reliable food course for wildlife and insects!
4. Once established requires little maintenance!
5. Does not need fertilizers, pesticides not extensive watering
6. Native plants are just as attractive as exotic ones!

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  • Purple Trillium can have both purple and white flowers as shown here.
  • FOR MINIATURE GARDENS UNDER THE DRIP LINE OF CONIFERS
  • Native plants for your Home Garden

    1. 1. Native Plants for your Home Garden
    2. 2. Why go with native plants? <ul><li>1. Indigenous to where you live for eons!’ </li></ul><ul><li>2. Adapted to our local climate for eons! </li></ul><ul><li>3. Provides a reliable food course for wildlife and insects! </li></ul><ul><li>4. Once established requires little maintenance! </li></ul><ul><li>5. Does not need fertilizers, pesticides not extensive watering </li></ul><ul><li>6. Native plants are just as attractive as exotic ones! </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Woodland Garden </li></ul><ul><li>Plants that thrive in dappled sunlight under a grove of full grown trees </li></ul><ul><li>They flourish with part sun and moist soil </li></ul><ul><li>Naturalizing effect that appears wild and a little chaotic </li></ul><ul><li>Great for providing shelter and cover for </li></ul><ul><li>Chipmunks, rabbits, butterflies and birds </li></ul><ul><li>Many woodland garden plants self sow their own seeds thus spread naturally </li></ul>
    4. 4. Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)
    5. 5. Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia virginica)
    6. 6. Goat’s Beard (Aruncus dioicus)
    7. 7. Dutchman’s Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)
    8. 8. Bluets (Houstonia caerulea)
    9. 9. <ul><li>Ephemerals… </li></ul><ul><li>are a group of wildflowers that actually conduct their entire life cycle of blooming, going to fruit and storing energy just in time for the trees unfurl their first leaves. </li></ul><ul><li>My favorite are the trilliums… </li></ul>
    10. 10. Purple Trillium (Trillium erectum)
    11. 11. Great White Trillium (Trillium grandiflora)
    12. 12. Crested Iris (Iris cristata)
    13. 13. Toadstool Trillium (Trillium luteum)
    14. 14. Showy Lady’s Slipper (Cypripedium reginae)
    15. 15. The Allure of a Woodland Edge <ul><li>Go wild with mass plantings along a property border. </li></ul><ul><li>Create layers of plants; tallest in the back and shortest to the front </li></ul><ul><li>Take advantage of mature trees to plant a semi shade woodland garden </li></ul><ul><li>Protect from rabbits, woodchuck and deer by spraying an animal repellent </li></ul>
    16. 16. Obedient Plant (Physostegia virginiana)
    17. 17. Beardstongue (Penstemon digitalis)
    18. 18. Common Rose Mallow (Hibiscus moscheutos)
    19. 19. Black Cohosh (Cimifuga racemosa)
    20. 20. White Globeflower (Trollius albiflorus)
    21. 21. Celandine Poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum)
    22. 22. Wild Geranium (Geranium macutatum)
    23. 23. Woodland Phlox (Phlox divaricata0
    24. 24. W ild Lupine (Lupine Russell hybrid)
    25. 25. Wild Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)
    26. 26. Sun Loving Gardens <ul><li>Flowers that require at least 5-7 hours of direct sun daily </li></ul><ul><li>Drought tolerant </li></ul><ul><li>In most cases, deer resistant </li></ul><ul><li>Provide great source of nectar for hummingbirds and butterflies </li></ul><ul><li>Often long lived perennial that can be divided after several years </li></ul><ul><li>Many sun loving flowers make great cut flowers too </li></ul>
    27. 27. Culver’s Root (Veronicastrum virginicum)
    28. 28. Canada Lily (Lilium canadense)
    29. 29. Great Blue Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)
    30. 30. New York Ironweed (Vernonia noveboracensis)
    31. 31. Bee Balm (Monarda Didyma)
    32. 32. False Blue Indigo (Baptisia australis)
    33. 33. Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)
    34. 34. Harebell ( Campanula Rostufolia )
    35. 35. Turk’s Cap Lily (Lilium superbum)
    36. 36. Joe Pye Weed ( Eupatorium fistulosum)
    37. 37. Cardinal Flower (Lobelia Cardinalis)
    38. 38. Purple Coneflower (Echinacea angustifolia)
    39. 39. Black Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)
    40. 40. Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa)
    41. 41. Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)
    42. 42. Fireweed (Epilobium angustifolium)
    43. 43. Native Shrubs & Trees <ul><li>Points to remember… </li></ul><ul><li>trees and shrubs need some maintenance the </li></ul><ul><li>first year, primarily water! </li></ul><ul><li>Follow instructions carefully (for example do </li></ul><ul><li>not plant shade loving dogwoods in full hot </li></ul><ul><li>summer sun! </li></ul><ul><li>Nurseries are notorious in giving exotic plants </li></ul><ul><li>American names! Do not be fooled! </li></ul>
    44. 44. Pinxterbloom Azalea (Azalea cultivar)
    45. 45. Buttonbush ( Crphalanthus occidentalis0
    46. 46. Chokeberry ( Aronia arbutifolia)
    47. 47. Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum alnifolia)
    48. 48. Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alterniflora)
    49. 49. Serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis)
    50. 50. Sweet Pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia)
    51. 51. Steeplebush (Spiraea tomentosa)
    52. 52. American Redbud (Spiraea tomentosa)
    53. 53. Blackhaw Viburnum (Viburnum Alnifolia)
    54. 54. Viburnum Arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum)
    55. 55. Virginia Rose (Rosa virginianus)
    56. 56. Viburnum Wintethur (Viburnum nudum)
    57. 57. Butterfly Garden at Rahway Riverfront Park

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