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Ipr And JISC Projects


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IPR and JISC projects, how to ensure you have the right policies, procedures and licences

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Ipr And JISC Projects

  1. 1. IPR and Projects: What you need to know Naomi Korn JISC IPR Consultant 24 th October 2008 06/06/09
  2. 2. Some Key Facts <ul><li>Most JISC Projects will involve: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing new content and technology and/or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deploying/ adapting pre-existing content and technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You will be both users of stuff created by other people as well as generators of your own stuff </li></ul><ul><li>You are likely to undertake JISC projects in collaboration </li></ul>06/06/09
  3. 3. The Bottom Line <ul><li>USERS OF STUFF </li></ul><ul><li>There are likely to be a whole range of content/technology/services that you will be using/accessing as part of your projects </li></ul><ul><li>GENERATORS OF STUFF </li></ul><ul><li>You will bring with you stuff that you have created before your project (background IPR) </li></ul><ul><li>You will be generating project outputs (foreground IPR) </li></ul>06/06/09
  4. 4. Your Commitments to JISC <ul><li>You will be subject to JISC’s terms and conditions of funding </li></ul><ul><li>It is likely that whilst you own the IPR in any project outputs you will be obliged to ensure that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outputs are made freely available in perpetuity to HE/FE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Content under Open Access </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Software under Open Source </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You ensure that all rights are cleared </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You grant a licence back to HEFCE to use outputs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You deposit outputs in JORUM </li></ul></ul>06/06/09
  5. 5. IPR Brain Drain <ul><ul><li>Intellectual Property Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect creations of the mind </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reward human innovation, inventions + creativity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behave just like property…… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relate to analogue and digital stuff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easier to infringe in an electronic environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprise of automatic rights and monopoly rights </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. IPR Family… Consists of rights granted automatically, and monopoly rights 06/06/09
  7. 7. <ul><li>COPY – RIGHT </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusive right offered to creator of: </li></ul><ul><li> - Original works (that are not copies) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Works showing some kind of skill/effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created by a qualifying person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Qualifying country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Given automatically – no credit needed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regardless of artistic merit! </li></ul></ul>Copyright Overview
  8. 8. <ul><li>Copyright does not exist in ideas </li></ul>Criteria for Copyright Protection Copyright only protects the material expression of an idea!
  9. 9. Extent of Copyright Protection What works are protected by copyright? Artistic Films Literary Broadcasts Musical Typographic Dramatic Sound recordings
  10. 10. Layers of rights
  11. 11. Origins of Content <ul><li>Staff </li></ul><ul><li>Students </li></ul><ul><li>Contractors </li></ul><ul><li>Freelancers </li></ul><ul><li>Web </li></ul><ul><li>Other sources </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-licensed (e.g. Creative Commons) </li></ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proprietary </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Likelihood that you will be generating/engaging with multi-media </li></ul><ul><li>Remember that just because you own a work etc, does not mean that you own the rights </li></ul><ul><li>Images, text, music, film, sound recordings, ethesis etc </li></ul><ul><li>This means: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often more than one type of copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other types of IP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other legal issues, (Data Protection; obscenity etc etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More than one rights holder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complexity in clearing rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost and time implications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applicability of fair dealing provisions (e.g. thesis and ethesis) </li></ul></ul>Layers of Rights: Layers of Issues
  13. 13. A Mosaic of Rights <ul><ul><li>Projects are likely to comprise of mosaic of rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some owned by you </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some owned by project partners </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some owned by third parties (known) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some owned by third parties (unknown) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Role of Licences <ul><ul><li>Licences are tools to facilitate IP transactions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>i.e. get permissions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many different types of licences (transactional, open, blanket etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Licences in (permissions granted from third party) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Licences out (permissions granted to third party) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compatibility of licences in and licences out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contract law overrides copyright law! </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Role of licences II…. 06/06/09
  16. 16. Role of Consortium Agreements <ul><ul><li>Mechanism to outline roles, rights and responsibilities of project partners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Background and Foreground IPR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Who owns what rights? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Who has permission to use what rights </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clearance obligations for third party rights </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other key issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to be signed as early as possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often take a while to be resolved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Model Consortium Agreement Available </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Getting Started <ul><li>Answers to the questions below will form the basis from which you could go on </li></ul><ul><li>to map copyright and the permissions that you need on to your activities. </li></ul><ul><li>The Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Am I developing a new technology? </li></ul><ul><li>Am I developing an existing technology? </li></ul><ul><li>Am I deploying an existing technology? </li></ul><ul><li>The Content </li></ul><ul><li>Which team members are involved in developing content (and technologies) </li></ul><ul><li>Am I using content generated by a third party not a member of the team? </li></ul><ul><li>Technology and Content </li></ul><ul><li>How do I want my technology and content to be made available to users (over the short and longer term)? </li></ul><ul><li>What are my obligations to JISC? </li></ul><ul><li>What are my obligations to my project partners (i.e. Consortium Agreement) </li></ul><ul><li>What are my obligations to my institution (i.e. via IP Policy)? </li></ul>06/06/09
  18. 18. 06/06/09
  19. 19. Want to Find Out More? <ul><ul><li>JISC Legal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OSS Watch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TASI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web2Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thank You </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Naomi Korn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>