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GitSetupLinux

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GitSetupLinux

  1. 1. GIT SETUP ON LINUX WITH BITBUCKET Step 1. Install git on your PC → Open Terminal (ctrl+alt+t) → $ sudo apt-get install git Verify the installation was successful by typing which git at the command line. → $ which git “/usr/bin/git” Configure your username using the following command. → $ git config --global user.name “Git_USER_NAME” Configure your email address using the following command. → $ git config --global user.email “xyz@atlassian.com" CREATE BITBUCKET REPOSITORY Step 2. Create a repository on Bit-bucket To create a repository, follow these steps: 1. Log into Bit-bucket Cloud under your individual account on https://bitbucket.org 2. Click Repositories > Create repository or the Create new repository link. 3. Choose a repository Owner. This only appears if you are creating under an account with membership in one or more teams. 4. Enter a Name and Description for your repository. 5. Tick Private if you want to hide your repository from the general public, so that only selected people can see it. 6. Select the Repository type. 7. Click Create repository. Step 3. Repository setup → $ mkdir /path/to/your/project → $ cd /path/to/your/project → $ git init → $ git add —all Note: check status of adding file “Green files means chosen for repository” → git status → $ git remote add origin https://user_name@bitbucket.org/yourRepos.git This is repositories path → $git commit -m 'Initial commit with contributors’ → $git push -u origin master Step 4. Create Branch on Bit-bucket
  2. 2. Branch-> Create Branch Step 5. Clone Repositories → $ git clone https://user_name@bitbucket.org/yourRepos.git(remote address) Step 6. Using Git to checkout a branch on the command line → $ cd gitProject → $ git fetch && git checkout yourBranchName (Most Imp to change branch for fetch & checkout) → $git branch -a * yourBranchName remotes/origin/HEAD -> origin/master remotes/origin/abc_dev remotes/origin/development remotes/origin/master remotes/origin/ yourBranchName (The green colour of text with asterisk before it, showing that your current branch on which you are.) Step 7. Changes staging for commit → git add <file>( make a .gitignore file and add file names which you don't want to commit on remote, and add into your project.) → git status green files means added for commit → $ git commit -m 'commit message' → $ git push origin branch_name(on which you want to push code) Provide username & password Step 8. Pull (Daily Basis before push) → $ git pull origin branch_name (from which you want to pull) DIFFERENCE B/W CHECKOUT & CLONE To sum it up, clone is for fetching repositories you don't have, checkout is for switching between branches in a repository you already have. → $ git checkout branch_name(from where you want to check out)
  3. 3. Once you completed all the above now follow the steps below… 1.Open your project on any editor (for eg. VSCode). 2. Make some changes in your files. 3. On the left menu on VSCode you find an option for git (or shortcut->> ctrl+shift+G). now you can see the files on which you changed the code, once you ensure the changes, you need to commit the code, now open terminal ( press ctrl+alt+t). i. $ cd /path/to/your/project ii . $ git status (this will show you modified file names with path) Changes not staged for commit: (use "git add <file>..." to update what will be committed) (use "git checkout -- <file>..." to discard changes in working directory) modified: app/folderName/file1.js modified: app/folderName/file2.js if you added new file in project which you didn't push yet that will show like this Untracked files: (use "git add < file>..." to include in what will be committed) newFile.js iii. $ git add <fileName> (on which changes done -->> git add app/projectFolder/xyz.js ). check status after add new files iv. git status (After Adding) Changes to be committed: (use "git reset HEAD <file>..." to unstage) modified: app/projectFolder/xyz.js Changes not staged for commit: (use "git add < file>..." to update what will be committed) (use "git checkout -- < file>..." to discard changes in working directory) modified: app/projectFolder/abc.js Untracked files: (use "git add < file>..." to include in what will be committed) newFolder/newFile.js (you can add files for commit as above) v. $ git commit -m 'changes in xyz page' “[your_branch_name ab3caa3] changes in xyz page 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)” (you can also check the status of you commit by entering command $ git status ) iv. you can see the logs by entering command $ git log (show all commits in the current branch’s history, press 'q' from exit log window) you can see the difference by entering command $ git diff
  4. 4. (this will show you the difference between files, diff of what is changed but not staged press 'q' for exit ) vi. now push your code to remote. Before push code you can set your bit bucket password into your git config file run commands $ gedit .git/config (This will open your git config file in editor now you can set or change password from here.) [remote “origin"] url = https://user_name:password@bitbucket.org/daffodilsoftware/yourRepos.git fetch = +refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/* (Note : Do not use '@' in your password it will give error while pushing) $ git push (Transmit local branch commits to the remote repository branch) Message on terminal—>> “Counting objects: 16, done. Delta compression using up to 4 threads. Compressing objects: 100% (5/5), done. Writing objects: 100% (5/5), 483 bytes | 0 bytes/s, done. Total 5 (delta 4), reused 0 (delta 0) remote: remote: Create pull request for yourBranchName: remote https://bitbucket.org/daffodilsoftware/yourRepos/pull-requests/new? source=YourBranchName&t=1 remote: To https://userName:Password@bitbucket.org/daffodilsoftware/yourRepos.git commit Id YourBranchName - > YourBranchName” vii. Now its time to merge the code to your master branch or the branch you want $ git merge [alias]/[branch] merge a remote branch into your current branch to bring it up to date . viii. $ git pull 'fetch and merge any commits from the tracking remote branch'
  5. 5. Some other useful command REWRITE HISTORY Rewriting branches, updating commits and clearing history $ git rebase [branch] apply any commits of current branch ahead of specified one $ git reset --hard [commit] clear staging area, rewrite working tree from specified commit $ git log branchB..branchA show the commits on branchA that are not on branchB git show show any object in Git in human-readable format git reset [file] Unstage a file while retaining the changes in working directory. Remove git initialization $ rm -rf .git Display current git configuration $ cat .git/con g $ git con g user.name “username” $ git config user.email “email”

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