Human Osteology

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Created for Dr. Erhart's physical anthropology laboratory class at Texas State University.

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Human Osteology

  1. 1. Human Osteology Anthropology 2414 Lab
  2. 2. QUIZ – September 27 <ul><li>Know the terms associated with the yellow dots. </li></ul><ul><li>Click a skeletal feature to view its photograph. </li></ul><ul><li>Click “?” to return to this key. </li></ul><ul><li>Cranial </li></ul><ul><li>Frontal </li></ul><ul><li>Nasal </li></ul><ul><li>Sphenoid </li></ul><ul><li>Zygomatic </li></ul><ul><li>Maxilla </li></ul><ul><li>Mandible </li></ul><ul><li>Temporal </li></ul><ul><li>Parietal </li></ul><ul><li>Occipital </li></ul><ul><li>Cranial Features </li></ul><ul><li>Coronal suture </li></ul><ul><li>Squamosal suture </li></ul><ul><li>Sagittal suture </li></ul><ul><li>Lambdoidal suture </li></ul><ul><li>Supraorbital ridge </li></ul><ul><li>External auditory meatus </li></ul><ul><li>Temporal line </li></ul><ul><li>Nuchal line </li></ul><ul><li>Occipital condyles </li></ul><ul><li>Foramen magnum </li></ul><ul><li>Mastoid process </li></ul><ul><li>Vertebral Column </li></ul><ul><li>Cervical vertebra </li></ul><ul><li>Thoracic vertebra </li></ul><ul><li>Lumbar vertebra </li></ul><ul><li>Sacrum </li></ul><ul><li>Arm and Shoulder </li></ul><ul><li>Scapula </li></ul><ul><li>Clavicle </li></ul><ul><li>Sternum </li></ul><ul><li>Ribs </li></ul><ul><li>Humerus </li></ul><ul><li>Raduis </li></ul><ul><li>Ulna </li></ul><ul><li>Hand </li></ul><ul><li>Carpals </li></ul><ul><li>Metacarpals </li></ul><ul><li>Phalanges </li></ul><ul><li>Pelvis and Leg </li></ul><ul><li>Innominate </li></ul><ul><li>Pubis </li></ul><ul><li>Ilium </li></ul><ul><li>Ischium </li></ul><ul><li>Femur </li></ul><ul><li>Patella </li></ul><ul><li>Tibia </li></ul><ul><li>Fibula </li></ul><ul><li>Foot </li></ul><ul><li>Tarsals </li></ul><ul><li>Metatarsals </li></ul><ul><li>Phalanges </li></ul>
  3. 3. Anterior View
  4. 4. Skull – Anterior View <ul><li>1. Frontal Bone </li></ul><ul><li>2. Supra-Orbital Ridge </li></ul><ul><li>3. Orbit (Orbital Cavity) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Superior Orbital Fissure </li></ul><ul><li>5.Inferior Orbital Fissure </li></ul><ul><li>6. Zygomatic Bone </li></ul><ul><li>7. Infra-Orbital Foramen </li></ul><ul><li>8. Maxilla </li></ul><ul><li>9. Mandible </li></ul><ul><li>10. Mental Foramen </li></ul><ul><li>11. Incisive Fossa </li></ul><ul><li>12.Symphysis </li></ul><ul><li>13.Vomer </li></ul><ul><li>14.Inferior Nasal Concha </li></ul><ul><li>15.Middle Nasal Concha </li></ul><ul><li>16. Perpendicular Plate of Ethmoid </li></ul><ul><li>17. Nasal Bone </li></ul><ul><li>18. Lacrimal Bone </li></ul>
  5. 5. Lateral View
  6. 6. Skull - Lateral View <ul><li>1. Parietal Bone </li></ul><ul><li>2. Coronal Suture </li></ul><ul><li>3. Frontal Bone </li></ul><ul><li>4. Nasal Bone </li></ul><ul><li>5.Vomer </li></ul><ul><li>6. Lacrimal Bone </li></ul><ul><li>7. Orbital Part of Ethmoid </li></ul><ul><li>8. Zygomatic Bone </li></ul><ul><li>9. Maxilla </li></ul><ul><li>10. Body of Mandible </li></ul><ul><li>11. Ramus of Mandible </li></ul><ul><li>12. Coronoid Process </li></ul><ul><li>13. Mandibular Condyle </li></ul><ul><li>14. Mental Foramen </li></ul><ul><li>15. Styloid Process </li></ul><ul><li>16. External Auditory Meatus </li></ul><ul><li>17. Mastoid Process </li></ul><ul><li>18. Zygomatic Process </li></ul><ul><li>19. Temporal Bone </li></ul><ul><li>20. Sphenoid </li></ul><ul><li>21. Inferior Temporal Line </li></ul><ul><li>22. Superior Temporal Line </li></ul><ul><li>23. Squamosal Suture </li></ul><ul><li>24. Lambdoidal Suture </li></ul><ul><li>25. Occipital Bone </li></ul>
  7. 7. Posterior View
  8. 8. Skull – Posterior View <ul><li>1.Parietal Bone </li></ul><ul><li>2. Sagittal Suture </li></ul><ul><li>3. Lambdoidal Suture </li></ul><ul><li>4. Occipital Bone </li></ul><ul><li>5. External Occipital Protruberance </li></ul><ul><li>6. Superior Nuchal Line </li></ul><ul><li>7. Inferior Nuchal Line </li></ul>
  9. 9. Superior View
  10. 10. Skull – Superior View <ul><li>1.Occipital Bone </li></ul><ul><li>2. Lambdoidal Suture </li></ul><ul><li>3. Parietal Bone </li></ul><ul><li>4. Sagittal Suture </li></ul><ul><li>5.Coronal Suture </li></ul><ul><li>6. Frontal Bone </li></ul>
  11. 11. Inferior View 20
  12. 12. Skull – Inferior View <ul><li>1. Anterior Palatine Foramen </li></ul><ul><li>2. Palatine Process of Maxilla </li></ul><ul><li>3. Palatine </li></ul><ul><li>4. Greater Palatine Foramen </li></ul><ul><li>5. Lesser Palatine Foramen </li></ul><ul><li>6. Pterygoid Processes of Sphenoid </li></ul><ul><li>7. Zygomatic Process </li></ul><ul><li>8. Squamous Part of Temporal Bone </li></ul><ul><li>9. Mandibular Fossa </li></ul><ul><li>10. Styloid Process </li></ul><ul><li>11.Stylomastoid Foramen </li></ul><ul><li>12. Mastoid Process </li></ul><ul><li>13.Mastoid Foramen </li></ul><ul><li>14. Superior Nuchal </li></ul><ul><li>15. External Occipital Protruberance </li></ul><ul><li>16. Median Nuchal Line </li></ul><ul><li>17. Inferior Nuchal Line </li></ul><ul><li>18.Foramen Magnum </li></ul><ul><li>19. Condyloid Canal </li></ul><ul><li>20.Occipital Condyle </li></ul><ul><li>21.Hypoglossal Canal </li></ul><ul><li>22.Jugular Foramen </li></ul><ul><li>23.Carotid Canal </li></ul><ul><li>24.Foramen Spinosum </li></ul><ul><li>25.Foramen Ovale </li></ul><ul><li>26.Foramen Lacerum </li></ul><ul><li>27.Vomer </li></ul><ul><li>28.Transverse Palatine Suture </li></ul><ul><li>29.Median Palatine Suture </li></ul>
  13. 13. A B C
  14. 14. Vertebra <ul><li>A. Cervical </li></ul><ul><li>B. Thoracic </li></ul><ul><li>C. Lumbar </li></ul>
  15. 16. Sacrum <ul><li>1.Promontory </li></ul><ul><li>2. Transverse Ridges </li></ul><ul><li>3. Coccyx </li></ul><ul><li>4. Body of Sacrum </li></ul><ul><li>5.Sacral Canal </li></ul><ul><li>6. Superior Articular Surface </li></ul><ul><li>7.Median Sacral Crest </li></ul><ul><li>8.Sacrum to Ilium Articular Surface </li></ul><ul><li>9.Dorsal Sacral Foramina </li></ul><ul><li>10.Sacral Hiatus </li></ul>
  16. 18. Thoracic Bones: Rib & Vertebra Articulated <ul><li>1. Articular Facet of Rib </li></ul><ul><li>2. Interarticular Crest </li></ul><ul><li>3. Neck </li></ul><ul><li>4. Articular Portion of Tubercle </li></ul><ul><li>5. Nonarticular Portion of Tubercle </li></ul><ul><li>6. Angle of Rib </li></ul><ul><li>7. Costal Groove </li></ul><ul><li>8. Body of Rib </li></ul><ul><li>9. Articular Facet of Transverse Process </li></ul><ul><li>10.Transverse Process </li></ul><ul><li>11.Spinous Process </li></ul><ul><li>12.Lamina </li></ul><ul><li>13.Vertebral Foramen </li></ul>
  17. 20. Sternum <ul><li>1.Jugular Notch </li></ul><ul><li>2. Manubrium </li></ul><ul><li>3. Sternal Angle </li></ul><ul><li>4. Body (Gladiolus) </li></ul><ul><li>5.Xiphoid Process </li></ul>
  18. 22. Left Scapula <ul><li>Posterior Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>1.Coracoid Process </li></ul><ul><li>2. Scapular Notch </li></ul><ul><li>3. Superior Margin </li></ul><ul><li>4. Supraspinatus Fossa </li></ul><ul><li>5.Superior Angle </li></ul><ul><li>6. Scapular Spine </li></ul><ul><li>7.Vertebral Margin </li></ul><ul><li>8.Infraspinatus Fossa </li></ul><ul><li>9.Inferior Angle </li></ul><ul><li>10.Axillary Margin </li></ul><ul><li>11.Glenoid Cavity Margin </li></ul><ul><li>12.Acromion Process </li></ul><ul><li>Lateral Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>1. Coracoid Process </li></ul><ul><li>2. Glenoid Cavity </li></ul><ul><li>3. Scapular Spine </li></ul><ul><li>4. Acromion Process </li></ul><ul><li>5. Infraspinatus Fossa </li></ul><ul><li>6. Inferior Angle </li></ul><ul><li>7. Axillary Margin </li></ul>
  19. 24. Humerus <ul><li>1. Head </li></ul><ul><li>2. Anatomical Neck </li></ul><ul><li>3. Lesser Tubercle </li></ul><ul><li>4. Intertubercular Groove </li></ul><ul><li>5.Greater Tubercle </li></ul><ul><li>6. Surgical Neck </li></ul><ul><li>7.Deltoid Tuberosity </li></ul><ul><li>1.Radial Fossa </li></ul><ul><li>2. Lateral Epicondyle </li></ul><ul><li>3. Capitulum </li></ul><ul><li>4. Trochlea </li></ul><ul><li>5.Medial Epicondyle </li></ul><ul><li>6. Coronoid Fossa </li></ul><ul><li>7.Olecranon Fossa </li></ul>
  20. 26. Ulna <ul><li>1.Olecranon Process </li></ul><ul><li>2. Semilunar Notch </li></ul><ul><li>3. Coronoid Process </li></ul><ul><li>4. Tuberosity </li></ul><ul><li>5. Radial Notch </li></ul><ul><li>6. Ulna (Shaft) </li></ul><ul><li>7. Head of Ulna </li></ul><ul><li>8. Styloid Process </li></ul>
  21. 28. Right Radius <ul><li>1. Head of Radius </li></ul><ul><li>2. Neck of Radius </li></ul><ul><li>3. Radial Tuberosity </li></ul><ul><li>4. Radius (Shaft) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Styloid Process </li></ul><ul><li>6. Ulnar Notch </li></ul>
  22. 29. C B A
  23. 30. Hand <ul><li>Dorsal surface </li></ul><ul><li>1. Styloid Process of Radius </li></ul><ul><li>2. Navicular (Scaphoid) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Lunate </li></ul><ul><li>4. Triquetral </li></ul><ul><li>5. Pisiform </li></ul><ul><li>6. Trapezium </li></ul><ul><li>7. Trapezoid </li></ul><ul><li>8. Capitate </li></ul><ul><li>9. Hamate </li></ul><ul><li>10. Metacarpal </li></ul><ul><li>11. Proximal Phalange </li></ul><ul><li>12. Middle Phalange </li></ul><ul><li>13. Distal Phalange </li></ul><ul><li>14. Styloid Process of Ulna </li></ul><ul><li>Palmar surface </li></ul><ul><li>1. Navicular (Scaphoid) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Lunate </li></ul><ul><li>3. Triquetral </li></ul><ul><li>4. Pisiform </li></ul><ul><li>5. Trapezium </li></ul><ul><li>6. Trapezoid </li></ul><ul><li>7. Capitate </li></ul><ul><li>8. Hamate </li></ul><ul><li>9. Metacarpal </li></ul><ul><li>10. Proximal Phalange </li></ul><ul><li>11. Middle Phalange </li></ul><ul><li>12. Distal Phalange </li></ul><ul><li>Carpals </li></ul><ul><li>Metacarpals </li></ul><ul><li>Phalanges </li></ul>
  24. 32. Innominate <ul><li>1. Anterior Superior Spine </li></ul><ul><li>2. Iliac Crest </li></ul><ul><li>3. Posterior Superior Spine </li></ul><ul><li>4. Posterior Inferior Spine </li></ul><ul><li>5.Greater Sciatic Notch </li></ul><ul><li>6. Body of Ilium </li></ul><ul><li>7.Ischial Spine </li></ul><ul><li>8.Lesser Sciatic Notch </li></ul><ul><li>9. Body of Ischium </li></ul><ul><li>10.Ischial Tuberosity </li></ul><ul><li>11.Obturator Foramen </li></ul><ul><li>12.Inferior Ramus of Ischium </li></ul><ul><li>13.Inferior Ramus of Pubis </li></ul><ul><li>14. Body of Pubis </li></ul><ul><li>15.Acetabulum </li></ul><ul><li>16.Anterior Inferior Spine </li></ul>
  25. 34. Femur <ul><li>1. Head </li></ul><ul><li>2. Neck </li></ul><ul><li>3. Greater Trochanter </li></ul><ul><li>4. Intertrochanteric Line </li></ul><ul><li>5. Lesser Trochanter </li></ul><ul><li>6. Shaft of Femur </li></ul><ul><li>7. Gluteal Tuberosity </li></ul><ul><li>8. Intertrochanteric Crest </li></ul><ul><li>9. Linea Aspera </li></ul><ul><li>1. Medial Condyle </li></ul><ul><li>2. Lateral Condyle </li></ul><ul><li>3. Intercondylar Fossa </li></ul>
  26. 36. Tibia <ul><li>1. Intercondylar Eminence </li></ul><ul><li>2. Lateral Condyle </li></ul><ul><li>3. Tibial Tuberosity </li></ul><ul><li>4. Anterior Crest </li></ul><ul><li>5. Medial Condyle </li></ul><ul><li>6. Anterior Surface </li></ul><ul><li>7. Medial Malleolus </li></ul>
  27. 38. Fibula <ul><li>1. Head of Fibula </li></ul><ul><li>2. Neck of Fibula </li></ul><ul><li>3. Anterior Crest </li></ul><ul><li>4. Lateral Malleolus </li></ul>
  28. 39. C B A
  29. 40. Foot <ul><li>1. Calcaneus </li></ul><ul><li>2. Talus </li></ul><ul><li>3. Navicular </li></ul><ul><li>4. Cuboid </li></ul><ul><li>5. Cuneiform, First </li></ul><ul><li>6. Cuneiform, Second </li></ul><ul><li>7. Cuneiform, Third </li></ul><ul><li>8. Metatarsal </li></ul><ul><li>9. Proximal Phalange </li></ul><ul><li>10. Middle Phalange </li></ul><ul><li>11. Distal Phalange </li></ul><ul><li>1. Calcaneus </li></ul><ul><li>2. Talus </li></ul><ul><li>3. Navicular </li></ul><ul><li>4. Cuboid </li></ul><ul><li>5. Cuneiform, First </li></ul><ul><li>6. Cuneiform, Second </li></ul><ul><li>7. Cuneiform, Third </li></ul><ul><li>8. Metatarsal </li></ul><ul><li>Tarsals </li></ul><ul><li>Metatarsals </li></ul><ul><li>Phalanges </li></ul>
  30. 42. Knee <ul><li>1. Tibial Collateral Ligament </li></ul><ul><li>2. Medial Condyle of Femur </li></ul><ul><li>3. Posterior Cruciate Ligament </li></ul><ul><li>4. Anterior Cruciate Ligament </li></ul><ul><li>5. Lateral Condyle of Femur </li></ul><ul><li>6. Fibular Collateral Ligament </li></ul><ul><li>7. Lateral Condyle of Tibia </li></ul><ul><li>8. Lateral Meniscus </li></ul><ul><li>9. Medial Meniscus </li></ul><ul><li>10. Medial Condyle of Tibia </li></ul><ul><li>11. Tibia </li></ul><ul><li>12. Fibula </li></ul><ul><li>13. Transverse Ligament </li></ul>
  31. 44. Human Skeleton <ul><li>1. Skull </li></ul><ul><li>2. Mandible </li></ul><ul><li>3. Hyoid Bone </li></ul><ul><li>4. Cervical Vertebra </li></ul><ul><li>5. Clavicle </li></ul><ul><li>6. Sternum </li></ul><ul><li>7. Costal Cartilage </li></ul><ul><li>8. Ribs </li></ul><ul><li>9. Scapula </li></ul><ul><li>10. Humerus </li></ul><ul><li>11. Radius </li></ul><ul><li>12. Ulna </li></ul><ul><li>13. Carpal bones </li></ul><ul><li>14. Metacarpal Bones </li></ul><ul><li>15. Phalanges of Fingers </li></ul><ul><li>16. Thoracic Vertebra </li></ul><ul><li>17. Lumbar Vertebra </li></ul><ul><li>18. Sacrum </li></ul><ul><li>19. Innominate </li></ul><ul><li>20. Femur </li></ul><ul><li>21. Patella </li></ul><ul><li>22. Tibia </li></ul><ul><li>23. Fibula </li></ul><ul><li>24. Tarsal Bones </li></ul><ul><li>25. Metatarsal Bones </li></ul><ul><li>26. Phalanges of Toes </li></ul>

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