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How To Design & Build With Local Materials

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How To Design & Build With Local Materials

  1. 1. How to Design & Build with Local & Natural Materials <ul><ul><li>By </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elliott </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ridgway </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. What is Natural Building ? <ul><li>What is Natural building? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the tools? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the techniques? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the materials? </li></ul><ul><li>Where did they come from? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the total ecological foot-print for the structure? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the total economic handprint for thestructure? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Key Aspects of Sustainability <ul><li>I. Natural Laws </li></ul><ul><li>II. Quality Craftsmanship </li></ul><ul><li>III. Traditional Vernacular </li></ul><ul><li>IV. Integrative Design </li></ul><ul><li>V. Natural Materials </li></ul><ul><li>VI. Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>VII. Guiding Principles </li></ul>
  4. 4. Natural Laws of Physics & Biology <ul><li>1st & 2nd Laws of Thermodynamics </li></ul><ul><li>(Nothing is created/destroyed & Entropy)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Everything is Unique & Interconnected </li></ul><ul><li>Cause & Effect & Probabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Conserve Reduce Reuse Recycle </li></ul><ul><li>Health in Diversity & Abundance </li></ul><ul><li>Fundamental Geometries & Patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Systems of scale </li></ul>
  5. 5. Traditional Vernacular <ul><li>Local Labor & Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Tools & Building Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity Cluster Village </li></ul><ul><li>Blend into Landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Build Incrementally </li></ul><ul><li>Emulate Natural Shapes & Patterns </li></ul>
  6. 6. Integrative Design <ul><li>Stacking Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Passive Solar </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity & Access </li></ul><ul><li>Human Proportions </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient Use of Space </li></ul><ul><li>Easy Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Modular Furnishings </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy use of home </li></ul>
  7. 7. Natural Materials <ul><li>Stone & Tile </li></ul><ul><li>Clay & Lime </li></ul><ul><li>Straw & Bamboo </li></ul><ul><li>Lumber & Plywood </li></ul><ul><li>Glues & Composites </li></ul><ul><li>Plaster & Paint </li></ul><ul><li>Hardware & Plumbing </li></ul><ul><li>Windows & Doors </li></ul><ul><li>Plants for Living Roofs </li></ul>
  8. 8. Salvage & Harvest Materials Virtues of Scavenging: Save Time $$$ & Landfill Reuse On-site Materials Reclaim from local stores Shops & Neighbors Harvest clay, wood, stone Internet: CraigsList, Ebay Salvage & Dumpster-dive Re-purpose Old Furniture Donate, Recycle & Mulch
  9. 9. Natural Building Techniques <ul><li>Building Pad </li></ul><ul><li>Drainage </li></ul><ul><li>Foundation & Floor </li></ul><ul><li>Walls & Support </li></ul><ul><li>Heat & Insulation </li></ul><ul><li>Ceilings & roofs </li></ul><ul><li>Windows & Doors </li></ul><ul><li>Built-in furniture </li></ul><ul><li>Plaster & paint </li></ul>
  10. 10. Quality of Craftsmanship <ul><li>Longevity </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptability </li></ul><ul><li>Durability </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Beauty & comfort </li></ul><ul><li>Pragmatic design </li></ul>
  11. 11. Guiding Principles of Sustainability <ul><li>Appropriate Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Hand print </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological Foot print </li></ul><ul><li>Social Fabric </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Empowerment </li></ul><ul><li>Community Empowerment </li></ul>
  12. 12. Appropriate Technology <ul><li>Low tech & No tech </li></ul><ul><li>Passive & Natural Light </li></ul><ul><li>Wind & Solar Power </li></ul><ul><li>Radiant Floor Heat </li></ul><ul><li>Water & Plumbing </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient Appliances </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul>
  13. 13. Economic Hand Print <ul><li>Abundance </li></ul><ul><li>Supply & Demand </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Economy of scale </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Cycles </li></ul><ul><li>Input – Output </li></ul><ul><li>Cost-Benefit Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Construction Costs </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance & Utility </li></ul><ul><li>Rent Mortgage Taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Externalities </li></ul>
  14. 14. Ecological Foot Print <ul><li>Disturbance of Habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Resource Extraction </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacture Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Transport of Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on Watershed </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Water & Power </li></ul><ul><li>Waste: Trash & Sewer </li></ul><ul><li>Demolition: End Use </li></ul>
  15. 15. Social Fabric <ul><li>Public Domain </li></ul><ul><li>Labor Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Local & Global Economic Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Walkable Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Public Transit </li></ul><ul><li>Safety & Security </li></ul><ul><li>7 generations </li></ul>
  16. 16. Personal Empowerment <ul><li>Do-It-Yourself Ethic </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Life Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Hands-on Process </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Empowerment </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Independence </li></ul><ul><li>Cottage Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Entrepreneur </li></ul><ul><li>Living One’s Values Everyday </li></ul>
  17. 17. Community Empowerment <ul><li>Barn Raising work parties </li></ul><ul><li>Festivals & Events </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration & Connection </li></ul><ul><li>Local Investment, Co-ops </li></ul><ul><li>Micro-lending, Credit Union </li></ul><ul><li>P-patches & Gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Playgrounds & Fields </li></ul><ul><li>Parks, Paths & Creeks </li></ul><ul><li>Community Center & Pool </li></ul>
  18. 18. Natural Building Projects
  19. 19. Chehalis Oven Summer 2002
  20. 20. Finding Center Point For Oven
  21. 21. Brick Floor & Urbanite Foundation
  22. 22. Sand Form for Earthen Oven
  23. 23. Olympia Oven Autumn 2002
  24. 24. Urbanite Foundation For Oven & Bench
  25. 25. Thermal Mass Layer for Oven
  26. 26. Stone Bench For Olympia Oven
  27. 27. Bellevue Oven Spring 2004
  28. 28. Stone Cave For Firewood Under Oven
  29. 29. Sand Form and Brick Door
  30. 30. Newspaper Barrier for Sand Form
  31. 31. Thermal Mass / Insulation / Cob
  32. 32. Straw-Clay Insulation for Oven
  33. 33. Earthen Plaster & Stone Tile Table
  34. 34. Shoreline Oven Spring 2005
  35. 35. Urbanite Foundation For Oven And Bench
  36. 36. Packing Straw-Clay Insulation
  37. 37. Setting Fire Brick For Oven Floor
  38. 38. Sand Form And Thermal Mass Layer
  39. 39. Mixing Straw Clay in a Bucket
  40. 40. Straw-Clay & Cob Layers
  41. 41. Wallingford Oven
  42. 42. Wood Fired Pizza
  43. 43. Cob Sauna in Monteverde CR 2003
  44. 44. Sauna Site After Excavation of Clay
  45. 45. Stone Masonry for Foundation
  46. 46. Cob Sauna... Before Roof & Plaster
  47. 48. Stone Pool With Benches
  48. 49. Dead-man for Cob Wall
  49. 50. Curved Cob Wall for Sauna
  50. 51. Installing Window in Cob Wall
  51. 52. Wine Jug Window in Cob Wall
  52. 53. Lower Cob Bench For Sauna
  53. 54. Spare Glass Windows Stone Sills Niches Alcoves Shelves
  54. 55. Clay Pile & Cob Mixing Area
  55. 56. Upper Cob Bench for Sauna
  56. 57. Timber Frame Gringo Block Cob Wall Bottle Windows Stone Base
  57. 58. Chimney For Earthen Oven
  58. 59. Double Door Oven for Sauna
  59. 60. Plastering Oven & Earthen Floor
  60. 61. Sauna Doors And Windows
  61. 62. Earthen Plaster for Sauna Wall
  62. 63. Earthen Plaster for South Wall
  63. 64. Air Plants
  64. 65. Plastering Niches
  65. 67. Plaster Inside of Sauna
  66. 68. <ul><li>Sauna </li></ul><ul><li>Entrance </li></ul><ul><li>With </li></ul><ul><li>Clay </li></ul><ul><li>Plaster </li></ul>
  67. 69. Sauna Entrance w/ Lime Plaster
  68. 70. Pool Mosaic & Lime Plaster
  69. 71. Pangeality Studios 2007
  70. 72. Installing Atrium Window
  71. 73. Installing East Window
  72. 74. Installing Loft Window
  73. 75. Caulking for Loft Window
  74. 76. Scrap Nails Connect to Wood
  75. 77. Straw-Clay & East Window Frame
  76. 78. West Window & Framing
  77. 79. Mixing Clay Slip
  78. 80. Cutting a Concave Curve
  79. 81. Linseed Oil on Oak Plywood
  80. 82. Curved Desk for Studio
  81. 83. Framing for Built-in Furniture
  82. 84. Salvaged Stone Hearth
  83. 85. Loft Ladder & Cast Iron Stove
  84. 86. Reclaimed Oak Flooring
  85. 87. Cedar Ceiling
  86. 88. Truth Window
  87. 90. Less is More... More or Less
  88. 91. Golden Home Design <ul><li>Elliott Ridgway </li></ul><ul><li>Design </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Construction </li></ul><ul><li>206 588 – 1642 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>www.goldenhomedesign.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.youtube.com/goldenhomedesign </li></ul>

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