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Internet revolution & information society

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Internet revolution & information society

  1. 1. Internet Revolution & Information SocietyGokul B.Alex, IJT 2009 Evening Batch
  2. 2. A little bit of History …• ARPA – 1958 - In response to the launch of Sputnik, the US Department of Defence issues directive 5105.15 establishing the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA).• ARPANET – 1962- The need to maintain regular contact led to the creation of ARPANET • Using packet switching technique • Data can reach target even if a nuclear bomb destroys part of the network
  3. 3. Further Developments• Internet-working Working Group ( INWG ) – Formed in 1972 – To standardise the protocols• World Wide Web – Formed in 1991 – CERN ( Credit to Tim Berners Lee )• Internet Society ( ISOC) – Formed in 1992 – A co-operative organization
  4. 4. Further Developments• Mosaic – Developed in 1994 – Graphical Browser• E-mail• Chat
  5. 5. Catalysts• Microprocessor• Optical Fibre• Memory
  6. 6. Internet & Society• Adopter groups – Enthusiasts ( Innovators ) – Pragmatists – Reluctant – Rejecters• How and why people adopt – Motivation and resources – Voluntary or obliged adoption• Why adopt and use innovations ? – Functional : To do something practical – Experiential : Sensual Pleasure – Identity : Through Products • Social and Individual Context
  7. 7. Use / Adoption Factors• Income• Age and life stage• Region• Professional activity• Education• Sex• Ability/Disability• Capital / Wealth• Family with children
  8. 8. Internet & Society• National Differences• Gender Differences• Generation Of techniques
  9. 9. Internet & Identity• “By 2020, everyone you see around you will have a simultaneous physical and digital instantiations” : James Cascio, futurist
  10. 10. Information Capital• Wikipedia – Creating localized information – Accumulated data • Cognitive surplus• Facebook – Social networks exploited by markets• Twitter – Propaganda device – Narcotizing dysfunction – Information overloading

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