Novel has morphed
in to Countless
Fiction & Non-fiction Stage Plays
Advertising Comic Book
Age of Revolution Modern Consumer culture
Frankenstein is “a vital metaphor, peculiarly
appropriate to CULTURE dominated by a consumer
technology, neurotically obsessed with ‘getting in
touch’ with its authentic self and frightened at what it
- George Levine
From CNN descriptions of Saddam Hussein as an “American
Created Frankenstein” to magazine articles that warn of
genetically engineered “Franken-foods,” test-tube babies,
Creature as Proletarian
Mary Shelley lived during times of great upheaval in Britain, not only
was her own family full of radical thinkers, but she also met many others
such as Thomas Paine and William Blake.
Percy Shelley was thought of as a dangerous radical bent on labor
reform and was spied upon by the government.
In Frankenstein, what Johanna M. Smith calls the “ alternation
between fear of vengeful revolution and sympathy for the suffering
poor.” illuminates Mary Shelley’s own divisions between fear of the
Like her Father , who worried about the mob’s “ excess of a virtuous
feeing,” fearing its “sick destructiveness”.
Monster like the
Destroy monster by
Mary Shelley’s Creature is Political and Moral
A Race of Devils
Frankenstein may analyzed in its
portrayal of different “Races”.
Mary Shelley’s creature’s skin is
only described ‘YELLOW’.
It has been constructed “out of a
cultural tradition of the threatening
‘Other’- whether troll or giant,gypsy or
Negro from the dark inner recesses of
Xenophobic fear and loathing.
- H.L. Malchow
“language of racism the
dark side of imperialism
understood as social
mission combines with
the hysteria of masculism
into the withdrawal of
rather than subject
The Frankenpheme in Popular Culture:
Frankenpheme – a Term.
Phonemes (Sonic elements of language,as used in
Structural Linguistics) + Graphemes(Visual Elements).
Element of Culture that derived from “Frankenstain”.
Retelling and Parodies.
Speech Parliament By George Canning
…..In dealing with the Negro, Sir, we must remember that
we are dealing with a being prossessing the form and strength
of a man , but the intellect only of a child……
……Would be to raise up a creature resembling the
splendid fiction of a recent romance; the hero of which
constructs a human form, with all the corporal capabilities of
man, and with the thews and sinews of a giant….
As Popular Culture
Frankenstein’s Fictions Peter Haining, editor of the indispensable
Frankenstein Omnibus, has called Frankenstein “ the single greaest
horror story novel ever written and the most widely influential in its
Herman Melville Short tale “The Bell Tower” was Published in
putnam’s Monthly Magazine in 1855.
The First Story about Female Monster is French author Villiers de
L’Isle Adam’s “The Future Eva”, .
American Writer W.C. Morrow Published “The Surgeon’s
Experiment” in The Argonaut in 1887.
In Drama Creature has generally been made Horrific, and Victor has
been assigned less blame.
Most stage and screen versions are quite melodramatic, tending to
eliminate minor Characters and the entire frame structure in order to
focus upon murder and mayhem.
No Dramatist would want to try for all of the complexities of the
novel. In stage versions, only a few key scenes the Creation scene, the
bridal night, and the destruction of the Creature are used.
On 19th Century Stage, the Creature was a composite of frightening
makeup and human qualities.
The First Theatrical Presentation based on Frankenstein was
Presumption or The Fate of Frankenstein by Richard Brinsley Peake,
Performed at the English Opera House in London in the Summer of
In Frankenstein Omnibus, reader can study the
screenplay for the 1931 by James Whale film
Frankenstein, the most famous of all adaption.
So Frankenstein is regarding famous even today
part of Popular Culture.