Archetypes of Literature
Northrop Frye in his
essay does not analyze any
particular Myth in a work
and he presents an analysis
of “Mythical Patterns”
which have been used by
writers in general.
Two Types of Criticism
Meaningful Criticism Meaningless Criticism
Archetypal Criticism is based on philosophy and History
of a People. Archetypal Criticism is meaningful
Formalistic Criticism & Historical Criticism
Inductive Method of Archetypal Criticism
Inductive Method Proceeds inductively from particular truths.
jealousy destructive Human life.
Its true to Life.
The Collective Unconscious or Racial Memory
Archetypal Criticism & Inductive Analysis
It is based on “Certain kind of Scholarly Organization.”
An Editor is needed to-
“clean-up” the Text,
A rhetorician analyses the narrative place,
A Philologist scrutinizes the choice Significance
A Literary Social historian studies the evolution of
Myths and Rituals.
Deductive Method of Analysis Rhythm &
Pattern in Literature.
An Archetypal Critic, under the Deductive method of
analysis, proceeds to establish the meaning of a work from the
general truth to the particular truth.
Literature is Like music & painting
Rhythm is an essential characteristic of music & in painting’
Pattern is the chief Virtue.
In Literature both rhythm & pattern are recurrence of
Imagies,forms & words.
Comparison of Literature and Rhythm
Verbal Structure for