History Chapter 7 Part 3 - the Rendel Constitution


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These slides introduce the third and last part of Lower Secondary History Chapter 7: The Rendel Constitution to the Secondary 2 students who are studying for the Singapore syllabus. Along with this topic, it focuses on the 1955 election as well.

These slides are the first of the series of slides for Chapter 7: Life after World War II.
1. Post-war Living Conditions after World War II
2. Maria Hertogh and Anti-National Service Riots
3. The Rendel Constitution and 1955 Elections

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History Chapter 7 Part 3 - the Rendel Constitution

  1. 1. The Rendel Constitution Part 3 Chapter7
  2. 2. The riots in the early 1950 had signaled to the British the discontentment of the local people towards them. In 1953, the British decided to grant more political power to the local people to win their hearts and minds. Sir George Rendel, a British diplomat, led a commission to recommend possible changes to the constitution – Rendel Constitution.
  3. 3. What are the features of the Rendel Constitution?
  4. 4. Areas of Government under Elected Local Ministers Local representatives in Legislative Assembly controlled less important areas of government. Nominated British Ministers British would control important areas of government. Limited Self Government
  5. 5. British Government (based in London) Governor Chief Minister + 6 elected ministers appointed from 25 elected members of the Assembly 25 elected non-officials 3 nominated British ministers who are British officials 3 British officials + 4 non-officials nominated by the Governor
  6. 6. Areas under Local Ministers Housing Healthcare Education
  7. 7. Areas under British Ministers Internal Security External Defense Finance
  8. 8. This showed the unwillingness of British to give up their power.
  9. 9. However, the Rendel Constitution was an important step to self-government in Singapore.
  10. 10. The 1955 election
  11. 11. More political parties formed to participate in the 1955 election. Labour Front (LF) People’s Action Party (PAP)
  12. 12. Labour Front Formed in July 1954. Led by David Marshall, Lim Yew Hock and Francis Thomas. It was made up of people with low income and English-educated trade union leaders. People’s Action Party Formed on 21 November 1954. Founded by Lee Kuan Yew, Goh Keng Swee, Toh Chin Chye, S. Rajaratnam and K.M. Byme. It wanted to gain support from the workers, trade unions and students in the Chinese schools.
  13. 13. Similarities Labour Front It wanted immediate independence. Both parties targeted to win the support of the large majority of Chinese-speaking people in the 1955 election. They promised the people that they could end British rule in Singapore. People’s Action Party
  14. 14. 1955 election Unlike the election in 1948, this election garnered more interest from the people.
  15. 15. 25,072 158,075 1948 Election 1955 Election Turnout
  16. 16. Why were the people in general more interested in the 1955 election? 1. This election promised a greater degree of self- government. 2. There were a greater no. of political parties involved. 3. The number of eligible voters increased.
  17. 17. The different political parties carried out intensive campaigning, focusing on the issue of anti-colonialism. House-to-house visits. Rallies Newspapers and Pamphlets. Public speeches
  18. 18. Who won? Labour Front (LF) was the biggest winner as they won 10 out of 25 seats. David Marshall became Singapore’s first Chief Minister to lead the Legislative Assembly.
  19. 19. Reasons for LF’s win 1. Many Singaporeans were impressed by the party’s strong anti-colonial stand. 2. David Marshall had a charismatic leadership.
  20. 20. PAP The People’s Action Party (PAP) which had 4 candidates contesting in the election managed to win 3 seats.
  21. 21. Goh Chew Chua Lee Kuan Yew Lim Chin Siong
  22. 22. Surprise win by LF from British’s view The outcome caught British by surprise as they expected SPP to be the biggest winner of the 1955 election. is the number of seats that SPP won.
  23. 23. What was the implication of the 1955 election results?
  24. 24. What can you infer from the poster with regards to the implication of the 1955 election results?
  25. 25. I can infer that …
  26. 26. Implication of the 1955 election results The majority of the working-class Chinese had expressed discontentment with the British rule.
  27. 27. Political parties which showed strong anti-British rule Political parties which were pro-British
  28. 28. Summary Part 3 Rendel Constitution & 1955 Election Q1: What is the Rendel Constitution? Q2: What are the features of the Rendel Constitution? Q3:What is the significance of the Rendel Constitution? Q4: What is the implication of the 1955 elections?
  29. 29. Created by Goh Bang Rui Follow me on @slideshare. @gohbangrui bit.ly/gohbangrui