Western Writing And Publishing Workshop


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  • Could do a practical exercise here as well
  • Western Writing And Publishing Workshop

    1. 1. Western Academic Writing: Getting Published in a Peer-Reviewed Journal CRRC-Armenia 2010 Workshop Jenny Paturyan
    2. 2. Workshop Content <ul><li>Brainstorm: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How is western academia different? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How is western writing style different? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Writing: Structure and Style </li></ul><ul><li>Practical Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Writing an article for a peer-reviewed journal </li></ul><ul><li>Documenting sources </li></ul><ul><li>Helpful tools </li></ul><ul><li>Wrap up </li></ul>
    3. 3. Western Academic Style <ul><li>How is western academia different? </li></ul><ul><li>How is western writing style different? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strict style rules and requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More critical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active discussions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focused/addressed to specific audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance of novelty </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Improve your Writing: Structure <ul><li>Focus : what’s the puzzle? </li></ul><ul><li>Structure : tell them what you are going to tell them, then tell them, then tell them what you told them </li></ul><ul><li>5 important points: What? Why? How? Thus and So What? </li></ul><ul><li>KISS : Keep It Simple Stupid </li></ul><ul><li>Back up your arguments: references and data </li></ul><ul><li>Flawless in-text citations and reference list (style, amount, full correspondence) </li></ul>
    5. 5. Structure <ul><li>Abstract </li></ul><ul><li>Glossary, main terms (or in the end) </li></ul><ul><li>List of abbreviations </li></ul><ul><li>List of tables and figures </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Body </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>Appendixes </li></ul>
    6. 6. Tips on Writing: Structure <ul><li>Plan ahead </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract is the last thing to be written. Introductions is usually second last </li></ul><ul><li>Literature review is not to show that you know a lot. It shows the “puzzle” </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology is there to show the quality of your work </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to the paragraphs (lead sentence, 3 sentences min) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Improve Your Writing: Style <ul><li>Write in short simple sentences </li></ul><ul><li>No emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your audience in mind </li></ul><ul><li>Define your concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Provide information your reader needs (abbreviation explanations, “within text references”) </li></ul><ul><li>Be honest about flaws and limitations </li></ul><ul><li>It is YOUR job to help your reader follow your train of thoughts! </li></ul>
    8. 8. Tips on Writing Style <ul><li>Use active rather than passive voice </li></ul><ul><li>Do not abbreviate (don’t) </li></ul><ul><li>Does this word (sentence, paragraph) carry any additional meaning? </li></ul><ul><li>It is crucial to find the right tone: confident but not overconfident </li></ul><ul><li>Spellchecker (grammar check) always on! </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency: %, one-third vs. one third, etc </li></ul>
    9. 9. General Writing Tips <ul><li>Know your own writing style </li></ul><ul><li>Overcoming writer’s block </li></ul><ul><li>Read works you want to imitate </li></ul><ul><li>Let it be, then read again </li></ul><ul><li>Proofread several times: each time different focus (punctuation, style, references, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Ask someone to proofread it </li></ul><ul><li>It has to look neat </li></ul><ul><li>Learning and improving never ends </li></ul>
    10. 10. Practical Exercise <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bLk86Iho1Qo </li></ul><ul><li>There is a quiz on CRRC moodle </li></ul><ul><li>http://crrc.mrooms.net/login/index.php </li></ul><ul><li>Work in groups </li></ul>
    11. 11. Article in a Peer-Reviewed Journal <ul><li>What’s an article? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>About 20 pages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on results </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What’s a peer-reviewed journal? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ranks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Process of Peer Review </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have a very clear idea of what kind of articles that journal is publishing: content, style, format </li></ul>
    12. 12. Documenting Your Sources <ul><li>Courtesy to the author </li></ul><ul><li>Credibility of your work </li></ul><ul><li>Service to your reader </li></ul><ul><li>For yourself, in case you need it later </li></ul><ul><li>To avoid plagiarism accusations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using other people ’ s work and ideas, without acknowledging it, is plagiarism (this is true for pictures and graphs as well) </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Different Style Requirements <ul><li>American Psychological Association (APA) style </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Fifth edition. American Psychological Association: Washington, DC, 2001. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Modern Language Association (MLA) style </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. Sixth edition. The Modern Language Association of America: New York, 2003. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chicago style </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Chicago Manual of Style. University of Chicago Press: Chicago, 2003. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>And a few thousand other styles </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.liu.edu/cwis/cwp/library/workshop/citation.htm </li></ul>
    14. 14. Helpful tools <ul><li>Spell-checker </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English is build in, active by default </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Armenian: PowerSpell http://soft.areg.biz/downloads/poweroffice/download_ps_e.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reference management software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://home.mybibliographix.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.zotero.org/ </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Wrap-Up <ul><li>Writing for a Western academic community can be tricky for those of us used to Armenian/Russian academic style </li></ul><ul><li>Good content is necessary but not sufficient. Good structure and good style are also needed </li></ul><ul><li>Document your work from day 1. Keep track of your sources </li></ul><ul><li>Make your results public: find the right journal, follow the submission criteria </li></ul>
    16. 16. My favorite quotes about writing <ul><li>You don’t get a second chance to make a first impression </li></ul><ul><li>More is not better. Better is better </li></ul><ul><li>There are two types of PhD theses: the perfect ones and the finished ones </li></ul>
    17. 17. Further Reading <ul><li>http://www.writing.utoronto.ca/advice </li></ul><ul><li>http://essayinfo.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.dianahacker.com/resdoc/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/writersref6e/Player/Pages/Main.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.crrc.am/index.php/en/17/45 </li></ul><ul><li>Books at CRRC library  </li></ul>
    18. 18. <ul><li>Good luck writing and publishing! </li></ul>