Household Corruption Survey 2009


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Household Corruption Survey 2009

  1. 1. Main characteristics Mobilizing Action Against Corruption • 1416 respondents in 2009 and 1549 in 2008 • ± 2.6% & ± 2.49% margin of error accordingly CORRUPTION SURVEY OF HOUSEHOLDS • Multistage cluster sampling with preliminary 2009 stratification by urban/rural & marz • HH lists provided by Electric Network of Armenia CJSC Heghine Manasyan Hans Gutbrod Country Director, CRRC- Armenia Regional Director, CRRC December 11th, 2009 Yerevan Are you interested in national politics? Overview Situation in Armenia: 2008 & 2009 How satisfied are you with the How would you describe the overall situation in Armenia? economic situation in Armenia?
  2. 2. What are the three most serious How serious of a problem is corruption in Armenia? problems facing Armenia? How does corruption today compare with a year ago? Perception of corruption Is corruption a fact of life? To what extent can corruption in Armenia be reduced?
  3. 3. How corrupt…? (2009) How common is corruption in…? (2009) How common is corruption in…? (2009) What are the three most corrupt sectors? Among which level of officials is corruption most How did the frequency of demands for bribes severe? change over the last year?
  4. 4. How did the amount demanded as bribes change over the last year? After giving a bribe, how certain is it that a service Which of the following drive corrupt practices? will be delivered, or a problem solved? Personal experience & Individual behavior
  5. 5. Why would you… 2009 2008 Because everybody takes it 32.9 33.4 Because I need money 51.7 48.9 Because I have to “share” it with my take a bribe? 6.6 7.1 supervisor(s) Other 6.6 8.4 DK 2.1 2.2 Because there is a high risk to be 11.2 10.7 punished Because it is unacceptable for me 75.6 73.0 not take a bribe? Will try to resolve the issue through legal 4.8 5.7 means Other 7.0 9 DK 1.4 1.7 Why would you… Social Acceptability of Bribery (2008-2009 average) 2009 2008 Because everyone gives 9.5 8.0 Because there's no other way I can obtain the service 79.4 76.4 I would give it I would not give it …give a bribe? I will be able to negotiate the price 4.3 7.8 Other 6.1 7.3 I would take it 18.6% 3.3% DK 0.8 0.5 Because there is a high risk to be punished 7.4 4.6 Because it is unacceptable for me 66.7 58.4 I would not take …not give a 35.9% 42.3% bribe? I will try to resolve the issue through legal means 9.1 17.7 it Other 15.6 14.5 DK 1.4 4.9 Of those who had contact, percentage that paid. (Not representative)
  6. 6. How effective is the Government’s fight against Of those reluctant to report corrupt actions (91%): corruption? Why are you reluctant to report? Reasons 2009 2008 Those who report corruption will be subject to 46.9 46.8 retribution/retaliation No actions will be taken even if corruption is reported. 68.5 64.0 It is not worth reporting corruption if I am not personally hurt by 55.4 37.4 it. Most people who commit corruption only do so because of economic hardship. 43.8 32.5 Our society does not reward those who report corruption. 70.4 64.4 How effective is the Government’s anti-corruption The Government is sincerely committed to fighting strategy? corruption. Lessons to Learn TI MAP!!!! Corruption Perception Index, Index (out of 10) Rank in the World TI Armenia, 2009 2.7 120 Armenia, 2008 2.9 109 Georgia, 2009 4.1 66 Georgia, 2008 3.9 67 Source: Transparency International;