Karpathos (Greek: Κάρπαθος) is the second largest of the Greek Dodecanese islands, in the southeastern Aegean Sea. The island is comprised of the municipality of Karpathos plus the community of Olympos. Part of Olympos also extends north to the neighboring Saria Island.
Kastelorizo, (Greek: Μεγίστη/Megisti), is a small Greek island and municipality located in the southeastern Mediterranean.
It has gone by several different names in its history, including Italian: Castellorizo, Castelrosso, and Turkish: Meis. The meaning of its current official name Megisti (Μεγίστη) is "Biggest" or "Greatest", but at only 11.987 km2 (5 sq mi) in area, it is the smallest of the Dodecanese. The name, however, refers to the fact that it is the largest of the small archipelago.