Manuscript digitisation

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A presentation made during the initial phase of work National Manuscript Mission, 2002

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Manuscript digitisation

  1. 1. Manuscript Digitisation Sanjay Goel IGNCA 02.02.02 www.ignca.nic.in Jan ‘ 2002 -> 2.75 lac hits Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  2. 2. Manuscript Digitisation : Goals <ul><li>Dissemination </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation of the copy </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul>Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  3. 3. Manuscript Digitisation : Goals <ul><li>Dissemination </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation of the copy </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul>Not to replace preservation of the original Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  4. 4. Dissemination : Goals <ul><li>Screen viewing of the text only </li></ul><ul><li>Screen viewing of the text with the look and feel of the original </li></ul><ul><li>----------------------------------------------- </li></ul><ul><li>Paper printing of the text only </li></ul><ul><li>Paper printing of the text with the look and feel of the original </li></ul>Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  5. 5. Preservation : Goals <ul><li>Future proof dissemination </li></ul>Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  6. 6. Maximum Display surface resolutions <ul><li>Computer Screen : 75 dpi </li></ul><ul><li>Paper : 300++ dpi </li></ul>dpi- dots per inch Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  7. 7. Scanning parameters <ul><li>Spatial resolution : dpi </li></ul><ul><li>Colour resolution : bits/dot </li></ul>Storage parameters <ul><li>File format & size : uncompressed / </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>compressed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  8. 8. Compression techniques <ul><li>Uncompressed: very large files </li></ul><ul><li>Lossless : less compression, large files </li></ul><ul><li>Lossy : high compression, small files </li></ul>Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  9. 9. Recommendations <ul><li>Scan at highest resolution and store in uncompressed formats to ensure good preservation and high quality printing. </li></ul><ul><li>Make copies and store at more than one location. </li></ul><ul><li>Convert to low resolution, lossy compression for screen viewing. </li></ul><ul><li>Convert to mid resolution, lossless compression for normal printing. </li></ul>Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  10. 10. Recommendations <ul><li>Strict quality assurance procedures to be implemented like other good production processes. </li></ul><ul><li>Make copies on different media like DAT & CD-ROM. </li></ul><ul><li>Regular Maintenance : Media Transfer every Five years </li></ul>Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  11. 11. Manuscript Digitisation At IGNCA Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  12. 12. Minolta PS-700 Scanner Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  13. 13. Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  14. 14. Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  15. 15. Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  16. 16. Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  17. 17. Scanned more than 25,000 sheets of photocopies of Russian Manuscripts at 600 dpi Bitonal (stored as tiff, uncompressed) Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  18. 18. HP Flatbed Scanner Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  19. 19. Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  20. 20. Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  21. 21. Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  22. 22. Microfilm Scanner Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  23. 23. Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  24. 24. Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  25. 25. Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  26. 26. Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  27. 27. Scanned more than 150 microfilm rolls of Sanskrit and Persian manuscripts at 8000 dpi Bitonal (stored as tiff, uncompressed) Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  28. 28. Post-Digitisation possibilities <ul><li>Democratic dissemination to scholars, universities, schools and others. </li></ul><ul><li>Image enhancement. </li></ul><ul><li>Character recognition. </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Manuscript Library </li></ul>Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  29. 29. Manuscript’s Visual Images Searchable Text Transliteration & Oral Rendering Accession Catalogue Descriptive Catalogue Software & Computer Aided Collation, Integration, Training, Study , Research & Dissemination Critical Editions Original Manuscripts WEB PRINT CD-ROM DIGITAL MANUSCRIPT LIBRARY Improved Images Survey Directories Published Catalogues Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  30. 30. CULTURAL HERITAGE DIGITAL LIBRARY Performing Art & Folklore Digital Library Painting Digital Library Built Heritage & Sculptures Digital Library Manuscript Digital Library WEB LAN CD-ROM PRINT Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002
  31. 31. Thank you Sanjay Goel, IGNCA, 2002

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