Some Valid Questions
• The deliberate and systematic destruction
of a racial, political, or ethnic group.
• Some examples of genocides include:
– Armenian Genocide in present day Turkey,
1915-1917 (Not Recognized by the U.S.)
– The Holocaust (1933-1945)
– Bosnian Genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina
– Rwandan Genocide in Rwanda, 1994
Population consists of Arab Muslims.
Khartoum, the capitol of Sudan is located in North
Janjaweed is the name of the government aided
militia that was sent to cleanse Darfur of African
Muslims and other rebels that opposed the
government. Janjaweed = Devils on horseback.
The government denies funding the Janjaweed.
Omar al-Bashir has been the “President” of Sudan
since 1989. Currently indicted by the ICC
(International Criminal Court). Still the leader today.
Sharia Law was put in place by al-Bashir.
• Is a semi-autonomous region of Sudan, that
is religiously Christian and Animist.
• A vote is taking place on January 9th
South Sudan’s independence.
• The South’s oil revenue accounted for $2.8
billion (60%) of Sudan’s budget.
Civil war between North and South took
place when Sudan gained independence
from Britain in 1956, with a brief peace
between 1971 to 1982. Ended in 2005.
• Western Region in Sudan the size of Texas.
• Drought is common. Little to no vegetation.
• Darfur is located in the North, but aided the
South during the civil wars.
• 99% of Darfurians are Muslim. There are also
40-80 different ethnic groups. (500 in Sudan)
• A truce in 2003 between North and South
Sudan was when the genocide first began.
List of AtrocitiesList of Atrocities
Against HumanityAgainst Humanity
Use of mass starvation and mass forcibleUse of mass starvation and mass forcible
displacement as a weapon of destruction.displacement as a weapon of destruction.
Pattern of obstructing humanitarian aid.Pattern of obstructing humanitarian aid.
Harassment of internally displacedHarassment of internally displaced
Bombing of hospitals, clinics, schools, andBombing of hospitals, clinics, schools, and
other civilian sites.other civilian sites.
Use of rape as a weapon against targetedUse of rape as a weapon against targeted
Employing a divide-to-destroy strategy ofEmploying a divide-to-destroy strategy of
pitting ethnic groups against each other,pitting ethnic groups against each other,
with enormous loss of civilian life.with enormous loss of civilian life.
Training and supporting ethnic militias whoTraining and supporting ethnic militias who
commit atrocities.commit atrocities.
Destroying indigenous cultures.Destroying indigenous cultures.
Enslavement of women and children byEnslavement of women and children by
government-support militias.government-support militias.
Impeding and failing to fully implementImpeding and failing to fully implement
peace agreements.peace agreements.
There are two main Darfur rebel groups:
Sudanese Liberation Movement (SLM)
Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)
These two groups are currently fighting the
Janjaweed as an attempt to try to come to
an agreement with al-Bashir.
al-Bashir has denied to talks with the
groups and has expelled 13 international
humanity aid groups.
Current StandingCurrent Standing
3 Million people are dependent on3 Million people are dependent on
international aid in Darfur.international aid in Darfur.
4.7 million out of 6 million Darfurians are4.7 million out of 6 million Darfurians are
still affected by the conflict.still affected by the conflict.
400 villages are currently destroyed.400 villages are currently destroyed.
Over 300,000 have died in Darfur.Over 300,000 have died in Darfur.
– al-Bashir puts the death tollal-Bashir puts the death toll
at 10,000.at 10,000.
Only 9,000 out of 26,000Only 9,000 out of 26,000
UN/AU troops are in place.UN/AU troops are in place.
Consequences to SocietyConsequences to Society
Political Institution: The government isPolitical Institution: The government is
currently funding militias for the systematiccurrently funding militias for the systematic
killing of various ethnic groups in Darfur askilling of various ethnic groups in Darfur as
an effort to uphold their interpretation ofan effort to uphold their interpretation of
Sharia Law (Islamic law within a nation).Sharia Law (Islamic law within a nation).
Economic Institution: Refugees are leftEconomic Institution: Refugees are left
with no means of income, with poor to nowith no means of income, with poor to no
Nomadic and sedentary farming are the twoNomadic and sedentary farming are the two
most common jobs available. Part of themost common jobs available. Part of the
primary sector of Darfur’s economy.primary sector of Darfur’s economy.
Send in the full amount ofSend in the full amount of
UN/AU troops needed toUN/AU troops needed to
secure Darfur.secure Darfur.
Imprison war criminals.Imprison war criminals.
Allow humanitarianAllow humanitarian
groups back in Darfurgroups back in Darfur..http://savedarfur.org/pages/learn
• Establish permanent peace agreements with North
and South Sudan to end Sharia Law.
• Provide education, infrastructure, and government
funded housing with profits from oil.
Hamilton, Rebecca . "South Sudan Independence Vote AtHamilton, Rebecca . "South Sudan Independence Vote At
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