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Community Assessment
Clinical Component
What Is Community Assessment?
• The first step of the nursing process

• Provides a framework to gather information
• Heal...
What Is the Meaning of Community?
• Community: Open social system, people in a place over time with
common goals
• Aggrega...
Critical Components of a Community
• People

• Place
• Social interaction (common characteristics)

4

Copyright © 2013, 2...
Communities
• Geopolitical (spatial)

5

Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2005, 2000, 1995 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc....
Community Subsystems
• Physical environment

• Health & social services

• Education

• Economics

• Safety & transportati...
Theories Applied to Community Assessment
• Systems theory: Community is constantly adapting and responding to
internal & e...
Components of Systems Model
• Boundaries

• Goals
• Characteristics
• External influences
• Internal functioning
• Outcome...
Module one clinical powerpoint
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Module one clinical powerpoint

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Module one clinical powerpoint

  1. 1. Community Assessment Clinical Component
  2. 2. What Is Community Assessment? • The first step of the nursing process • Provides a framework to gather information • Healthy Communities: Environmental, social, & economic conditions in which people can thrive 2 Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2005, 2000, 1995 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.
  3. 3. What Is the Meaning of Community? • Community: Open social system, people in a place over time with common goals • Aggregate: Any number of individuals with at least one common characteristic • Population: Individuals sharing personal or environmental characteristics (geography) 3 Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2005, 2000, 1995 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.
  4. 4. Critical Components of a Community • People • Place • Social interaction (common characteristics) 4 Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2005, 2000, 1995 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.
  5. 5. Communities • Geopolitical (spatial) 5 Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2005, 2000, 1995 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. • Phenomenological (relational)
  6. 6. Community Subsystems • Physical environment • Health & social services • Education • Economics • Safety & transportation • Communication • Politics & government • Recreation 6 Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2005, 2000, 1995 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.
  7. 7. Theories Applied to Community Assessment • Systems theory: Community is constantly adapting and responding to internal & external stimuli • Nursing theory: Community as client • Nursing frameworks: Community as partner 7 Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2005, 2000, 1995 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.
  8. 8. Components of Systems Model • Boundaries • Goals • Characteristics • External influences • Internal functioning • Outcomes • Feedback 8 Copyright © 2013, 2009, 2005, 2000, 1995 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

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