Charting pathways for_biodiversity_and_sustainable_development_final

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Charting pathways for_biodiversity_and_sustainable_development_final

  1. 1. Charting Pathways for National Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development Jamison Ervin, UNDP
  2. 2. Hot Moments in History1960s: The decade of environmental awareness
  3. 3. 0 1 2 3 4 y 1900 y 1902 y 1904 y 1906 y 1908 y 1910 y 1912 y 1914 y 1916 y 1918 y 1920 y 1922 y 1924 y 1926 y 1928 y 1930 y 1932 y 1934 y 1936 y 1938 y 1940 y 1942 y 1944 y 1946 y 1948 y 1950 y 1952 y 1954 y 1956 y 1958 y 1960 y 1962 y 1964 y 1966 y 1968 y 1970 y 1972 y 1974 y 1976 y 1978 y 1980 y 1982 Hot Moments in History y 1984 y 1986 y 1988 Number of U.S. Environmental Acts y 1990 y 1992 y 19941970s: The decade of environmental policy y 1996 y 1998 y 2000
  4. 4. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 y 1900 y 1903 y 1906 7 1909 y 1912 y 1915 y 1918 y 1921 y 1924 y 1927 y 1930 y 1933 y 1936 y 1939 y 1942 y 1945 y 1948 y 1951 y 1954 y 1957 y 1960 y 1963 y 1966 y 1969 y 1972 y 1975 y 1978 y 1981 Hot Moments in History y 1984 y 1987 International Environmental Treaties y 1990 y 1993 y 19961980s -1990s: The decade of international treaties y 1999
  5. 5. Hot Moments in Sustainable Development• 1972: UN Conference on the Human Environment• 1982: World Charter for Nature• 1983: World Commission on Environment and Development• 1992: Agenda 21• 1993: Commission on Sustainable Development• 2002: World Summit on Sustainable Development• 2005: World Summit on Millennium Development Goals• 2012: Rio+ 20• 2015: Sustainable Development Goals
  6. 6. Defining the future we want • Rio+ 20: Reaffirming 3 pillars: human rights, equality and sustainability • “The Future We Want”: inclusive social and economic development, environmental sustainability, peace and security • Post 2015 SDGs: national sustainable development goals
  7. 7. Emerging Priorities for SDGs • Poverty eradication • Equity and equality • Peace and security • Food security • Sustainable natural resource use • Empowerment of the poor, of civil society • Economic transformation
  8. 8. Emerging priorities forUNDP’s Strategic Plan: 2014 - 2017 • Inclusive and sustainable growth paths • Management of key productive resources and services • Voice, participation and accountability • Justice and the rule of law • Disaster risk reduction and disaster recovery
  9. 9. The Future We Want: Stark ChoicesGlobal wellbeing Abundance Vital and resilient and justice and security natural worldGlobal poverty Scarcity and Natural world on and inequity vulnerability brink of collapse
  10. 10. We can chart a pathway at the national level…
  11. 11. …by changing the national development trajectory
  12. 12. The development trajectory Awareness of value of nature Practices OutcomesPolicies
  13. 13. 1. Awareness – of the current trajectory Fisheries Water Climate change collapse shortages impactsFood insecurity Ecosystem Poverty and and instability services declines inequity
  14. 14. And awareness – of the value of natureTo productive To water To climate fisheries supplies resilienceTo food security To ecosystem To local livelihoods and stability services and economies
  15. 15. 2. Sustainable PoliciesNatural boundaries Biological Ecological and limits trophic systems footprintNational plans Subsidies and National and budgets incentives accounting
  16. 16. 3. Practices – Business as Usual Tourism Forestry AgricultureFisheries Energy Water
  17. 17. 3. Practices – Sustainable Management Tourism Forestry Agriculture Fisheries Energy Water
  18. 18. 4. Outcomes and results• Productive fisheries• Productive agriculture• Water security• Food security• Secure livelihoods and jobs• Climate-resilient communities• Sustainable economic growth• Thriving ecosystems
  19. 19. Development Trajectory – Vicious Cycle Low awareness of values Negative Poor outcomes policies Unsustainable practices
  20. 20. Development Trajectory – Virtuous Cycle High awareness of values Positive Effective outcomes policies Sustainable practices
  21. 21. UNDP’s Ecosystems and Biodiversity Strategic Plan 3 Signature Programs: • Mainstreaming • Protected areas • Restoration
  22. 22. UNDP’s Ecosystem and Biodiversity Strategic Plan Finance – finance gapPolicy– NBSAP assessments, policydirect support, environment, resourceNBSAP Forum mobilization Capacity – Equator Initiative, BES- Net portal, resilience toolkit
  23. 23. Convention on Biological Diversity’s 2011- 2020 Strategic Plan • Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss • Reduce pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use • Safeguard ecosystems, species and genetic diversity • Enhance benefits to all • Promote participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building
  24. 24. Aichi TargetsUnderstand Reduce Enhance values pollution resilienceMainstream Reduce Implementbiodiversity invasive spp. Nagoya Prot. Address Minimize Revise incentives reef loss NBSAPsSustainable Protected Respect andproduction areas conserve TKHalve rate of Prevent Improve loss extinctions knowledgeSustainable Conserve Mobilize fisheries gene pool resources Manage Restorewithin limits ecosystems
  25. 25. Aichi TargetsUnderstand Reduce Enhance values pollution resilienceMainstream Reduce Implementbiodiversity invasive spp. Nagoya Prot. Address Minimize Revise incentives reef loss NBSAPsSustainable Protected Respect andproduction areas conserve TKHalve rate of Prevent Improve loss extinctions knowledge Sustainable Conserve Mobilize fisheries gene pool resources Manage Restorewithin limits ecosystems
  26. 26. Aichi Targets – 3 cross-cutting strategiesPROTECTION RESTORATION MAINSTREAMING
  27. 27. CBD’s Strategic Plan: NBSAPsNational Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans
  28. 28. UNDP’s portfolio of NBSAPs
  29. 29. The NBSAP Forum is• A partnership between CBD, UNDP and UNEP• A one-stop shop to find information• A place to exchange best practices and learning• A global community of practice• A peer review center
  30. 30. • Connect with experts, members• National and regional NBSAP pages• Help desk• Peer review center• E-learning center• Quick guides
  31. 31. NBSAPs: A tool to change the development trajectory HighIdentifies key awareness Fosters policies linkages Positive Effective outcomes policiesIdentifies key Highlights practices benefits Sustainable practices
  32. 32. NBSAPs & SDGs – Making the Connection • Ensure that NBSAPs inform SDGs • Promote a virtuous cycle; transformative approach • Promote awareness of values, effective policies, and sustainable practices
  33. 33. Hot Moments in HistoryNBSAPs developed NBSAPs implementedSDG consultation SDGs implemented 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2010-2020: The decade of trajectory change

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