Davis aas 2012 goddard 1


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  • Davis aas 2012 goddard 1

    1. 1. 50th Robert H. Goddard Memorial SymposiumDreams and Possibilities: Planning for the AchievableHuman Exploration Strategy – Extend andSustain Human Activities Across the Solar System March 28, 2012 Jeffrey R. Davis, MD Director, Space Life Sciences, NASA Space Life Sciences Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    2. 2. Strategic Initiatives• 2007 SLSD Strategic Plan – Mission Statement “To optimize human health and productivity for space exploration“ – Vision Statement "To become the recognized world leader in human health, performance and productivity for space exploration” – Strategic Goals o Manage balanced internal/external portfolio o Drive health innovations o Drive human system integration innovations o Educate and inspire Space Life Sciences 2 2 Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    3. 3. Strategic Initiatives• Summary • Visioning exercise and strategic plan • Alliances benchmark 2008-2010 • HBS collaborative innovation models and collaborative projects 2008-2010 • Open innovation pilot project 2008-2010 • Virtual center for collaboration established 2010: NASA Human Health and Performance center • Pursue collaborative research models 2011 • Develop Strategic Framework for Innovation 2011 Space Life Sciences 3 Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    4. 4. Portfolio Definition• Human System risks for space flight (our portfolio of work) • Evidence based risk management system • 65 human system risks • Human System Risk Board formed April 2008 –integrates research and operations—decisions made by one entity • Developed Risk Management Analysis Tool (RMAT) • Captures vertical “standards to deliverables” process • Links risks for common elements • Subject matter experts (risk owners) identify gaps in their research and technology portfolio • Gaps became opportunities for open collaborative solutions Space Life Sciences 4 Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    5. 5. Portfolio Analysis• Portfolio mapping – Dr. Gary Pisano, HarvardBusiness School (HBS) • “Which Kind of Collaboration is Right for You” – Harvard Business Review, December 2008 • Workshop conducted by Dr. Pisano with NASA – Wyle leadership team July 2009 • Analyzed 12 gaps for collaborative opportunity, those that mapped to open innovation quadrant selected for pilot projects Space Life Sciences 5 Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    6. 6. Portfolio Analysis: Mapping - Models of CollaborationFrom Gary Pisano, Harvard Business School Space Life Sciences Exploring Space |Enhancing Life 6
    7. 7. Internal innovation – “elite circle”• Internal innovation projects • Procure and adapt – retinal camera example • New development – intravenous fluid from potable water • Modified technology – colorimetric water analysis (formerly a device to evaluate paint color) • Air quality – adapt a commercial device for another purpose Space Life Sciences 7 Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    8. 8. Remote Eye ImagingDiscovery of changes in eyes Preflight Postflightprompted the need for remote eyeimaging on ISS as soon as possibleFound solution from aWisconsin Optometrist who hadinvented a remote camera for anophthalmoscope for use with hispatients on remote islandsNew scope was flown withinweeks and successfully beganmonitoring changes in the eye. Space Life Sciences Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    9. 9. Colorimetric Water Quality Monitoring Kit (CWQMK) CWQMK utilizes Colorimetric Solid Phase Extraction (CSPE) technology to protect crew health by providing the capability to perform in-flight measurements of iodine and silver levels in spacecraft potable water systems• Silver(I) and iodine are biocides in spacecraft drinking water storage and distribution systems• U.S. Water Recovery System uses Iodine o Low iodine levels allow microbial growth o Long term consumption of high I2 levels can cause thyroid dysfunction• ISS Russian segment uses Silver (Ag+) o Long-term consumption of high silver levels can cause Argyria (irreversible blue- gray discoloration of the skin)• Current biocide monitoring approach relies on archive samples which are collected in- flight, stored, then returned to ground and analyzed at JSC. Issues: o Techniques and/or hardware not in-flight deployable o Biocide levels subject to sample degradation during storage and transportHardware Description• Solution is a simple, compact, hand-held device that reliably and rapidly measures key water quality indicators in-flight• Water sample is passed through membrane cartridge resulting in color change on membrane surface in the presence of silver or iodine• Commercially available Diffuse Reflectance Spectrophotometer (DRS) measures magnitude of color change, which is proportional to the amount of analyte present in sample volume Space Life Sciences• CSPE water quality monitoring kit was delivered to ISS on STS 128/17A 9 Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    10. 10. Exploration Medical CapabilityIntraVenous fluid GENeration for exploration (IVGEN) PRODUCE USP GRADE 0.9% NORMAL SALINE FROM IN SITU RESOURCES • IV fluid required to respond to medical contingencies • Filter to generate fluid incurs a smaller mass and volume cost than the actual fluid • System based on deionization and sterilizing filters FLIGHT TEST: MAY 4-7, 2010 Space Life Sciences 10 Exploring Space |Enhancing Life 10
    11. 11. Open Innovation• Open innovation and collaboration– four pilot projects • InnoCentive- posts individual challenges/gaps to their established network of solvers (~300,000) • financial award if the solution is found viable by the posting entity • Yet2.com- acts as an actual technology scout bringing together buyers and sellers of technologies • Option to develop partnerships • TopCoder - open innovation software company with a large network of solvers (~300,000) • variety of skill-based software coding competitions • NASA@work-internal collaboration platform leveraging expertise found across NASA’s 10 centers Space Life Sciences 11 Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    12. 12. INNOCENTIVE Space Life Sciences 12 Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    13. 13. NASA Pavilion on InnoCentiveGlobal Appeal- 2900 solvers 80 Countries Space Life Sciences 13 Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    14. 14. InnoCentive Pilot Results Proj Award Award Challenge Title Ctr Posted Deadline Sub Rms Date AmountImproved Barrier Layers … JSC - 12/18/2009 2/28/2010 174 22 5/7/2010 $11,000Keeping Food Fresh in Space SLSDMechanism for a Compact JSC -Aerobic Resistive Exercise 12/18/2009 2/28/2010 564 95 5/14/2010 $20,000 SLSDDeviceData-Driven Forecasting of JSC - 12/22/2009 3/22/2010 579 11 5/13/2010 $30,000Solar Events SLSDCoordination of SensorSwarms for Extraterrestrial LRC 2/27/2010 4/26/2010 423 37 6/4/2010 $18,000 (3)ResearchMedical Consumables GRC 5/17/2010 7/27/2010 365 56 10/28/2010 $15,000 (3)TrackingAugmenting the Exercise JSC - 5/27/2010 7/27/2010 229 18 9/20/2010 $10,000Experience SLSDSimple Microgravity Laundry JSC - 5/27/2010 7/27/2010 Space Life Sciences 598 108 9/21/2010 $7,500System EA 14 Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    15. 15. yet2.com Space Life Sciences 15Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    16. 16. yet2.com PilotResultsTechnical Need No. of total No. of hits Active leads replies/leads (initial interest)Bone Density Measurement 51 793 5Monitoring of Water and 61 2003 8BiocidesRadioprotectants 28 475 6Exoterrestrial Life 31 1596 1DifferentiationFood Packaging/Protection 29 173 5Portable Imaging 34 581 5 Space Life Sciences 16 Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    17. 17. Yet2.com example: Bone Imaging Germany 6 Austria 1 Japan 7 Canada 1 France 6 Israel 1 Australia 3 Belgium 1 UK 5 Switzerland 4 Sweden 1 USA 15 Total 51 Space Life Sciences Page 17 17 Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    18. 18. NASA@work Space Life Sciences 18Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    19. 19. TopCoder Experience• Opportunity presented to NASA by Harvard Business School • Research project to compare outcomes of collaborative and competitive teams • NASA provided the problem statement • Optimize algorithm that supports medical kit design• Competition began on 11/04/2009 and lasted approximately 10 days • 2800 solutions were submitted by 480 individuals • Useful algorithm developed and incorporated into NASA model• Team felt this process was more efficient than internal development• Next steps – NASA Tournament Lab with HBS and TopCoder developed to seek many novel optimization algorithms for ISS Space Life Sciences 19 Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    20. 20. What is NASA Tournament Lab?Operational Virtual Facility developed between NASA, Harvard, and TopCoder Two Objectives – 1 What is…….. Create novel, high quality working software for algorithmic / computational Challenges 2 Contribute towards the development of empirically validated science of innovation tournaments Utilize the principles of distributed innovation to allow participants worldwide to What is…….. contribute to solving mission challenges by developing innovative computational algorithms. Space Life Sciences 20 Exploring Space |Enhancing Life
    21. 21. NASA Human Health and Performance Center• Membership – 110 members: http://nhhpc.nasa.gov – Seven NASA Centers – International Space Station partners: JAXA, DLR – Government orgs: FAA, GSA, USAF Research Labs, two NIH Centers, FDA, USAID, ONR – Academia: FAA COE (Stanford), MIT, UTMB, Tufts, Clemson – Corporate: Philips, Johnson & Johnson, Procter & Gamble, General Mills, Nike, GE, PepsiCo, InnoCentive, Yet2.com, Cazneau, Pitn ey Bowes, UnitedHealth Group, Kimberly-Clark – Nonprofits: Mozilla, Southwest Research Institute, The National Center for Human Performance, San Diego Zoo, Draper Lab, Prize4Life• Second Workshop: Connecting Through Collaboration – Space Life Sciences October 18, 2011 Exploring Space |Enhancing Life 21
    22. 22. COECI• Form Center of Excellence for Collaborative Innovation November 1, 2011 – Organized to develop prizes for innovation and other collaborative techniques – Located in the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD) – J Crusan, J Davis • Staffed by JSC Space Life Sciences personnel – NASA and Wyle – For all federal agencies; opportunity to expand into public-private partnerships Space Life Sciences 22 Exploring Space |Enhancing Life