Julius Caesar found the Netherlands inhabited by Germanic
War between Spain and Netherlands for Independence
1648-Spain finally recognized Dutch independence.
The Dutch East India Company was established in 1602,
17th century-Holland was one of the great sea and colonial
powers of Europe.
The Netherlands joined the European Union in 1958 and
adopted the single European currency, the
The Netherlands has extremely liberal social
Dutch People Migrated to almost all places
on Earth, Including European countries,
South Africa, Asia, US, Canada, and Australia.
FLAG OF NETHERLAND
The flag of the Netherlands consists of
three equal sized horizontal stripes - the
top stripe is red; the middle one white; and
the bottom stripe is blue.
The red stripe which was originally orange,
along with the white and blue stripes,
are based on the heraldic colors (coat of arms) of Prince William of
Orange, who led the fight for Dutch independence.
• The top red band represents bravery, strength and valor, the white
stripe in the middle stands for honesty and peace and the blue
band on the bottom symbolizes loyalty, justice and vigilance.
• The national anthem is the WILHELMUS . It was a rebel song
during the independence war against Spain and was adopted as the
national anthem in 1932.
The name "Netherlands" means
"Low Lands" in reference to the
nation's topography as an
alluvial plain. Differences in
altitude are minimal. Almost
one-quarter of the landmass is
below sea level, protected from
the encroaching sea by dikes and
dunes. The Netherlands is also a
relatively small country (13,297
square miles [34,425 square
kilometers]) without surface
Netherlands, country located in northwestern Europe, also known as
Holland. The Netherlands is bounded by the North Sea to the north and
west, Germany to the east, and Belgium to the south.
• The climate of the Netherlands is a temperate,
marine type of climate. The Netherlands experiences
cool summers and mild winters. Holland experiences 4
seasons – Spring, Summer, Autumn, Winter. In
summer, the days can go as long as 17 hours; While in
winter, days can be as short as just 8 hours!
Amsterdam is the capital city and most populous city of
the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Its status as the Dutch
capital is mandated by the Constitution of the
Netherlands though it is not the seat of the Dutch government,
which is The Hague. Amsterdam has a population of 825,080
within the city proper, 1,317,663 in the urban area and 1,590,520
in the metropolitan area. The city region has a population of
2,431,000.The city is located in the province of North Holland in
the west of the country. It comprises much of the northern part
of the Randstad, one of the larger conurbations in Europe, with a
population of approximately 7 million.
Government: The Netherlands is constitutionally
monarch with The Hague as the house of government.
Languages: Official language is Dutch. It’s a West Germanic
language and the native language of the majority of the
population of the Netherlands, Belgium, and Suriname.
Population (2014 est.): 16,877,351
The Dutch are the tallest in the world with an average
height of 184 cm for men and 170 cm for women. Some
believe its the combined result of DNA and dairy.
The Port of Amsterdam is a seaport in
Amsterdam, the Netherlands. The port is located
on the bank of a former bay named the IJ and
the North Sea Canal, with which it is connected
to the North Sea.
Eemshaven - (English: Ems Harbor) is a
seaport in the province of Groningen in the
north of the Netherlands. Seaport Eemshaven is
a commercial and industrial port complex in an
area reclaimed from the sea. It has three main
terminals and can accommodate ships with
draughts of up to approximately 11 metres.
The Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in
Europe, located in the city of Rotterdam,
Netherlands. From 1962 until 2002 it was the
world's busiest port, now overtaken first by
Singapore and then Shanghai.
The history of the Port of Terneuzen is closely connected
with the developments in the port area of Ghent. The origins
of Ter Nose, the present Terneuzen, can be traced back to
around the year 1300.
Zaanstad is an industrial city on the north bank of the North
Sea Canal, opposite to the Amsterdam port area. A number of
companies specialize in the processing of foodstuffs.
Commodities handled in Zaanstad are cocoa beans, starch,
edible oils and fats and large quantities of timber.
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol
Schiphol is not only the Netherlands' principal airport -- it's the
fifth most trafficked airport in Europe. Located in
Haarlemmermeer, a municipality that borders the city of Haarlem
travelers who land at Schiphol can avail themselves of the
convenient Dutch Railways (NS) service that connects the airport
to Amsterdam Central Station in 15 minutes.
• Schiphol is the most convenient civilian airport to Amsterdam.
Eindhoven Airport is the Dutch hub for several European low-cost
airlines. Its location in North Brabant makes it relatively far from
Amsterdam -- by Dutch standards, at least. The airport can be
reached by NS train (via Utrecht; approx. 90 minutes) and Hermes
bus 401 (from Eindhoven Station; approx. 30 minutes).
Cons of Eindhoven Airport
• Relatively far from Amsterdam, at an approximately two-hour
Rotterdam The Hague Airport
Rotterdam The Hague Airport handles just one million
travelers per year, primarily customers of the seven
low-cost airlines that operate via the airport. Its
location in the Randstad and relative proximity to
Amsterdam make it a convenient spot to land. Randstad,
the urban heart of the Netherlands.
Maastricht Aachen Airport
Over a quarter-million flyers used Maastricht
Aachen Airport in 2010 for popular Dutch holiday
destinations, but service will soon expand to
London, Berlin, Munich ... and Amsterdam,
which can just as well be reached in three hours
by NS train.
Groningen Airport Eelde
Only three airlines -- BMI, Corendon and Transavia --
land on the two runways of this miniature airport in
Eelde. But visitors from Aberdeen, Antalya or insular
Europe will find it useful to know that Amsterdam is
only three hours away.
Tulip (unofficial) The Dutch embrace
the tulip, be it unofficially, as their
The lion stands for courage
and strength. It is because
the land can be drawn as a
lion. Charlemagne used the
lion in 1515 for his Dutch
It is also a sign of the house
of Nassau (royal family) and
the sign of the union of
Utrecht (1579) when the
Dutch started to rebel
against the Spanish.
Volendam –This fishing village not far from
Marken is represented in our festival by a girl’s
and a boy’s costumes. The girl’s costume has a
high peaked lace hat and a brightly striped
skirt. The boy’s outfit, c. 1940-1950 is
distinguished by a plaid jacket and black pants.
Roman Catholic 26.6%
Christianity 43.4 %
Other 5 Religions 7.9%
Non Religious 42.7 %
Anne Frank: (1929 – 1945) is famous
throughout the world because of the diary
she kept. Anne was a Jewish girl during the
World War II.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek: (1632-1723)
invented the microscope. He built at least
500 of them, with copper or silver plates and
lenses that he made himself. He also
Vincent Van Gogh – ARTIST: Dutch artist whose
work became known for its emotional intensity and
bold use of color years after his death. Also known
for his landscapes and his Olive Trees series that
featured depictions of cypresses in different
Sports They Play
Football (American Soccer) Speed Skating
Dutch cuisine consists of the cooking traditions
and practices from the Netherlands. The
country's cuisine is shaped by the practice
of fishing and farming,.
• In Holland, a night out on the town, or a social event with
coworkers, usually starts out at a local café, with a beer or two
and something to snack on. This something is called a
"bittergarnituur". The word translates as the slightly confusing
"garnish for bitters", where bitters in this case refers to
• The bittergarnituur will usually contain bite-size cubes of
Gouda cheese, miniature eggrolls and meatballs, perhaps some
slices of a local meat sausage.
Vlaai, also known as Limburgse vlaai, is
a pie or tart consisting of a pastry and filling. Vlaai is usually
27—30 centimeters in diameter. It is a typical product from
the southern regions of the Netherlands, but variations are
available throughout the country and in parts
of Belgium and Germany near to the border of the
Erwtensoep, also called "snert", is the Dutch version of pea
soup. It is a thick stew of green split peas, different cuts of
pork, celeriac or stalk celery, onions, leeks, carrots, and
often potato. Slices of rookworst (smoked sausage) are
added before serving. The soup, which is traditionally eaten
during the winter, is emblematic of Dutch cuisine.
A delicious chewy cookie, the stroopwafel (syrup
waffle) was first made in the town of Gouda in the
Netherlands during the 18th century. In fact, until
1870 stroopwafels were made only in Gouda and there
were about 100 bakeries selling these treats in that
• The Dutch have been making cheese since
800 B.C. Furthermore the Netherlands is
the largest cheese exporter in the world.
With an average of 21 kilograms per year
per person, we can say the Dutch love their
own cheese. The Dutch eat cheese for
breakfast, on sandwiches for lunch or as a
snack (cut in cubes) served with mustard at
the end of the day. It tastes lovely with a
glass of wine or beer.
“Top Tourist Destination”
("Kitchen garden", also known as the Garden of Europe, is one of the
world's largest flower gardens. It is situated in Lisse, the Netherlands.
According to the official website for the Keukenhof Park, approximately 7
million flower bulbs are planted annually in the park, which covers an area
of 32 hectares.
Keukenhof is located in South Holland in the small town of Lisse, south
of Haarlem and southwest of Amsterdam. It is accessible by bus from the
train stations of Haarlem, Leiden and Schiphol. It is located in an area
called the "Dune and Bulb Region"
The Royal Palace in Amsterdam is one of three palaces in
the Netherlands which are at the disposal of the monarch
by Act of Parliament.
The palace was built as a city hall during the Dutch Golden
Age in the 17th century. The building became the royal
palace of King Louis Napoleon and later of the Dutch Royal
House. It is situated on the west side of Dam Square in the
centre of Amsterdam, opposite the War Memorial and next
to the Nieuwe Kerk.
Madame Tussauds is renowned for creating incredible life-like wax
figures of some of the world’s most prominent figures. The Madame
Tussauds museum in Amsterdam is located in the Dam Square and
attracts thousands of visitors each year.
Inside Madame Tussauds Amsterdam
The Amsterdam museum is divided into four sections: Sports, Royals, A-
List and Culture/Arts. Within each section, tourists will find some of the
most well-known figures in history, entertainment and the world of
sports. Famous statues include David Beckham, Lady Gaga, Johnny
Depp, Queen Beatrix, Vincent van Gogh, Rembrandt and Einstein.
Kinderdijk is a village in the Netherlands, belonging to the
municipality of Molenwaard, in the province South Holland,
about 15 km east of Rotterdam. Kinderdijk is situated in
a polder in the Alblasserwaard at the confluence of
the Lek and Noord rivers. To drain the polder, a system of 19
windmills was built around 1740. This group of mills is the largest
concentration of old windmills in the Netherlands. The windmills
of Kinderdijk are one of the best-known Dutch tourist sites. They
have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997.
Maastricht Vrijthof :The Vrijthof is the
best-known city square in Maastricht, a city in
the southern most part of the Netherlands. It
features the massive Saint Servatius Church
and Saint Jan’s Cathedral. The Vrijthof
regularly hosts large festivals at various times
throughout the year, including autumn and
Anne Frank House: The Anne Frank House is a museum
with a story. It's situated in the center ofAmsterdam and
holds the hiding place where Anne Frank wrote her famous
diary during World War II. Anne Frank was a normal girl in
exceptional circumstances. For more than two years she
described the events of her daily life in hiding in her
Delft City Hall : The City Hall in Delft is a Renaissance
style building on the Markt square across from the
Nieuwe Kerk (New Church). Originally designed by the
Dutch architect Hendrick de Keyser, it was heavily
changed over the centuries and was restored in the
20th century to its Renaissance appearance.
Rijksmuseum: The Rijksmuseum
in Amsterdam is the largest and most
prestigious museum for art and history in the
Netherlands. It has a large collection of
paintings from the Dutch Golden Age including
works by Vermeer and Rembrandt. Until 2013,
the museum is being completely renovated,
but the major masterpieces are still on show.
Leiden Canals :Leiden is known for the oldest university
in the Netherlands, the birthplace of Rembrandt and its
beautiful canals. The two branches of the Old Rhine
enter Leiden on the east and unite in the city center
which also contains several smaller canals. The old
center of Leiden is one of the largest 17th century town
centers in the Netherlands, second only to Amsterdam.
West Frisian Islands :The West Frisian Islands or
Waddeneilanden in Dutch are a chain of islands in the
North Sea off the Dutch coast. They continue further east as
the German East Frisian Islands. The islands separate the
North Sea from the shallow Wadden Sea, with tidal mud
flats. Under the supervision of licensed guides several
islands can be reached by walking on the mudflats during
low tides. On the islands cycling is the most favorable means
Zandvoort aan Zee beach
The long stretch of coast at Zandvoort aan Zee is a sandy
beach that goes on for several miles. The beach is wide and
slopes gently, which makes it very suitable for children,
water sports, walking and of course sunbathing.
One of the most well known beaches in the Netherlands is
Scheveningen. It is a lively beach which is surrounded by walking routes,
restaurant and nice shops. Scheveningen is well know for it’s famous pier
that has an event complex on it and a sixty meter high look-out-platform
that even allows you to bungee jump of it. The beach itself is lengthy and
wide and the city is making major plans to extend this region. Where as
the rest of the Dutch beaches have a small town on the back drop
Scheveningen has a large city and city center. This makes it very
convenient to make a combination of a beach tour and city tour.
With Amsterdam being a mayor city and the nearest beach
being about 45 minutes away, someone came up with the
clever idea of creating a city beach. In the South of
Amsterdam (behind the Rai Event Center) you will find
Strand Zuid. Strand Zuid is known for it’s wide range of
activities and well accessible location.
Egmond aan Zee is known for being the number on family
beach in Holland. As an old fishing village Egmond aan Zee
also has a small museum. Furthermore the light house at
Egmond aan zee is one that greets every visitor when
entering the small town at the beach, so when you are in
Egmond aan Zee it might be worth paying a visit to the light
house. Yet the one attraction the Egmond aan Zee offers it’s
guest are there dunes. The dunes of Egmond aan Zee are a
lively place full of wildlife.
Hoek van Holland is the seaside resort town for
Rotterdam, the place to be for visitors of all ages.
Sunbathing or building sandcastles, watching boats
from the Nieuwe Waterweg, strolling through the
dunes: Hoek van Holland has it all.