The beginning• Created by Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori, in the year of 1709.• Padua, Italy• Many other stringed and keyboard instruments preceded the piano and led to the development of the instrument —piano.
Taut• Vibrating string can produce sound.• In the ancient world, strings were attachedand stretched over bows, gourds,and boxes to amplify the sound.• Fastened by ties, pegs and pins.• Produces sound by plucking, bowing or striking.
Dulcimer• A closed, shallow box over stretched wires that were struck with two wooden hammers.
Clavichord• The dulcimer led to the development of clavichord.• Appeared in the 14th century.• Toccata per lelevazione, Messa degli Apostoli, by Girolamo Frescobaldi.
Harpsichord• Limited to one, unvarying volume – Its softness and loudness could not be varied while playing.• Concerto in Italian Style for Harpsichord, in F major, BMV 971, composed by Johann Sebastian Bach
The invention of Piano• Able to project sound more loudly than its predecessors, refinements in action/touch inspired many more musicians to compose for the keyboard.
The invention of Piano• First exhibited in Florence in 1709.• Was named gravicembalo col piano e forte (soft and loud keyboard instrument).• Cristofori’s earliest surviving instrument dates from 1720, and it is on display at Metropolitan Museum of Art in NYC.
New technology in Pianos • Player pianos – reproducing pianos. It represents a modern update on the paper-roll player pianos. - NOT digital instruments, it is real, acoustic pianos with hammers and strings. - They can also play themselves using electronic technology. - Takes cues from floppy disks, specially formatted CDs or internal memory systems.
New technology in Pianos • Manufacterers offer visit libraries of pre-recorded titles for their systems—music in every genre from pop to classics—recorded by some of the world’s top pianists. • These systems capture every nuance of the original performances and play them back with startling accuracy.
New technology in Pianos • Thanks to these systems, many people who don’t play the piano are enjoying live piano music ANY time of the night or day. • These systems can be used to record their own piano performances, interface with computers, aid in music education, assist with composing and many other applications.
Digital Pianos• Produced by many of today’s top pianocompanies,for instance: Korg, Yamaha and etc.• Produces sophisticated, sampled piano soundstaken from their own top models.• Also offer other instrument voices,such as vibraphone, strings, pipe organ,jazz organ and so on.
Digital Pianos• It is software-driven.• Some keyboards feature lights over the keys tohelp one play a favorite tune, orlearning programs that combine music with anon-screen display.• Help home musicians get more out of theinternet as well—using a computer for arrangingand orchestrating.
Digital Pianos• Digital pianos also offer a variety of uniquefunctions—such as providing a lot of differentpreset and combo sounds, ones that can give youlayering effect to the playing.• Some may also include a karaoke/video output.
Traditional Piano• Manufacturers are including innovations at a rapid pace.• Some of the updates draw on mateiral science, to find special woods or newly available materials that make a piano more durable and tonally stable.• Some of the engineers are also exploring to strengthen the piano and keep its sound deep and rich for years.
Concert Grand Pianos• Used by numerous conductors, composers and songwriters.• There are also baby grand pianos that are designed to meet the needs of the home owners and players of all levels.