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Seattle spu 2011_june

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Resident Aliens from a Different Shore, presented at SPU Asian American Ministry inaugural conference (June 13, 2011)

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Seattle spu 2011_june

  1. 1. RESIDENT ALIENS FROM A DIFFERENT SHOREA history of Asian American ministry through the eyes of Asian American Christian leaders
  2. 2. But Moses said to God, “Who am I that I should go toPharaoh and bring the Israelites out of Egypt?” - Ex 3:11 (NIV)
  3. 3. Stream of Praise ministry
  4. 4. Stream of Praise ministry
  5. 5. RACIAL COMMON SENSE IN AMERICAN HISTORY
  6. 6. RACIAL COMMON SENSE IN AMERICAN HISTORYRacial Segregation (1877-1954)
  7. 7. RACIAL COMMON SENSE IN AMERICAN HISTORYRacial Segregation (1877-1954)Racial Integration (1954-1989)
  8. 8. RACIAL COMMON SENSE IN AMERICAN HISTORYRacial Segregation (1877-1954)Racial Integration (1954-1989)Racial Deconstruction (since 1989)
  9. 9. HOW DID ASIAN AMERICAN CHURCHLEADERS DO MINISTRY IN A RACIALIZED SOCIETY OVER THE PAST150 YEARS?
  10. 10. TONIGHT’S RESIDENT ALIENS
  11. 11. TONIGHT’S RESIDENT ALIENSTakie Okumura (1865-1945)
  12. 12. TONIGHT’S RESIDENT ALIENSTakie Okumura (1865-1945)Ng Poon Chew (1866-1931)
  13. 13. TONIGHT’S RESIDENT ALIENSTakie Okumura (1865-1945)Ng Poon Chew (1866-1931)Roy I. Sano (1931- )
  14. 14. TONIGHT’S RESIDENT ALIENSTakie Okumura (1865-1945)Ng Poon Chew (1866-1931)Roy I. Sano (1931- )Paul M. Nagano (1921-)
  15. 15. TONIGHT’S RESIDENT ALIENSTakie Okumura (1865-1945)Ng Poon Chew (1866-1931)Roy I. Sano (1931- )Paul M. Nagano (1921-)Ronald Takaki, Strangers from a Different Shore
  16. 16. HEART MOUNTAINJAPANESE AMERICAN INTERNMENT CAMP
  17. 17. BIRTH OF ASIAN AMERICAN CHRISTIANITY
  18. 18. BIRTH OF ASIAN AMERICAN CHRISTIANITY Otis Gibson and the Chinese and Japanese Methodist Mission in San Francisco - 1870s
  19. 19. LIBERALISM Types of Liberals
  20. 20. LIBERALISM Types of LiberalsCharacteristics•Intellectual Freedom•Arminian or Pelagian•Ethical Preaching•Progress•Benign Naturalism•Monistic•Religious Education
  21. 21. LIBERALISM Types of Liberals Religion: Moralists PhenomenologistsCharacteristics•Intellectual Freedom Revelation:•Arminian or Pelagian•Ethical Preaching Evangelical Liberals•Progress Modernist Liberals•Benign Naturalism•Monistic•Religious Education
  22. 22. LIBERALISM Types of Liberals Religion: Moralists PhenomenologistsCharacteristics•Intellectual Freedom Revelation:•Arminian or Pelagian•Ethical Preaching Evangelical Liberals•Progress Modernist Liberals•Benign Naturalism•Monistic•Religious Education
  23. 23. LIBERALISM Types of Liberals Religion: Moralists PhenomenologistsCharacteristics•Intellectual Freedom Revelation:•Arminian or Pelagian•Ethical Preaching Evangelical Liberals•Progress Modernist Liberals•Benign Naturalism•Monistic•Religious Education Kernel
  24. 24. LIBERALISM Types of Liberals Husk Religion: Moralists PhenomenologistsCharacteristics•Intellectual Freedom Revelation:•Arminian or Pelagian•Ethical Preaching Evangelical Liberals•Progress Modernist Liberals•Benign Naturalism•Monistic•Religious Education Kernel
  25. 25. FUNDAMENTALISM (1910s-1930s)
  26. 26. FUNDAMENTALISM (1910s-1930s) PremillennialDispensationalism
  27. 27. FUNDAMENTALISM (1910s-1930s) PremillennialDispensationalismReformed Theology Princeton Seminary B. B. Warfield G. Machen
  28. 28. FUNDAMENTALISM (1910s-1930s) PremillennialDispensationalismReformed Theology Princeton Seminary B. B. Warfield G. Machen Holiness & Pentecostalism
  29. 29. FUNDAMENTALISM (1910s-1930s) PremillennialDispensationalismReformed Theology Princeton Seminary B. B. Warfield G. Machen Holiness & Pentecostalism
  30. 30. FUNDAMENTALISM (1910s-1930s) PremillennialDispensationalismReformed Theology Princeton Seminary B. B. Warfield G. Machen Holiness & Pentecostalism
  31. 31. FUNDAMENTALISM (1910s-1930s) PremillennialDispensationalismReformed Theology Princeton Seminary B. B. Warfield G. Machen Holiness & Pentecostalism
  32. 32. FUNDAMENTALISM (1910s-1930s) PremillennialDispensationalism Five Fundamentals •Biblical Inerrancy •Virgin Birth •Bodily Resurrection •Substitutionary Atonement •Real Return of ChristReformed Theology Princeton Seminary B. B. Warfield G. Machen Holiness & Pentecostalism
  33. 33. THE GREAT REVERSAL INAMERICAN EVANGELICALISM
  34. 34. THE GREAT REVERSAL IN AMERICAN EVANGELICALISM Reforming Impulse Religious Freedom Frontier Expansion Evangelical Domination•Abolitionism•Woman’s Rights•Prohibition•Missions•Postmillennial Optimism•Scottish Common SensePhilosophy
  35. 35. THE GREAT REVERSAL IN AMERICAN EVANGELICALISM Reforming Impulse Religious Freedom Frontier Expansion Evangelical Domination•Abolitionism•Woman’s Rights•Prohibition•Missions•Postmillennial Optimism•Scottish Common SensePhilosophy 1800-1865
  36. 36. THE GREAT REVERSAL IN AMERICAN EVANGELICALISM Reforming Impulse Religious Freedom Frontier Expansion Evangelical Domination•Abolitionism•Woman’s Rights•Prohibition•Missions•Postmillennial Optimism•Scottish Common SensePhilosophy 1800-1865
  37. 37. THE GREAT REVERSAL IN AMERICAN EVANGELICALISM Reforming Disestablishment Impulse  Urbanization Religious Freedom  Immigration Frontier Expansion  New Science Evangelical Domination •Fundamentalism•Abolitionism•Woman’s Rights •Reject Social Gospel•Prohibition •Revivalistic missions•Missions •Reject Woman’s rights•Postmillennial Optimism •Reject modernity•Scottish Common Sense •PremillennialismPhilosophy •Anti-intellectualism 1800-1865
  38. 38. THE GREAT REVERSAL IN AMERICAN EVANGELICALISM Reforming Disestablishment Impulse  Urbanization Religious Freedom  Immigration Frontier Expansion  New Science Evangelical Domination •Fundamentalism•Abolitionism•Woman’s Rights •Reject Social Gospel•Prohibition •Revivalistic missions•Missions •Reject Woman’s rights•Postmillennial Optimism •Reject modernity•Scottish Common Sense •PremillennialismPhilosophy •Anti-intellectualism 1800-1865 1866-1945
  39. 39. THE GREAT REVERSAL IN AMERICAN EVANGELICALISM Neo- Reforming Disestablishment evangelicals Impulse  Urbanization  Rise & fall of New Deal Religious Freedom  Immigration liberalism  New Science  Civil Rights Movement Frontier Expansion  Religious Pluralism Evangelical Domination  Post 1965 Immigration •Fundamentalism•Abolitionism •Billy Graham•Woman’s Rights •Reject Social Gospel •Fuller Theological•Prohibition •Revivalistic missions Seminary•Missions •Reject Woman’s rights •Christianity Today •Charismatic Movement•Postmillennial Optimism •Reject modernity •Jesus Movement (1970s)•Scottish Common Sense •Premillennialism •Evangelicals for SocialPhilosophy Action •Anti-intellectualism •Sojourners Community •Religious Right 1800-1865 1866-1945
  40. 40. THE GREAT REVERSAL IN AMERICAN EVANGELICALISM Neo- Reforming Disestablishment evangelicals Impulse  Urbanization  Rise & fall of New Deal Religious Freedom  Immigration liberalism  New Science  Civil Rights Movement Frontier Expansion  Religious Pluralism Evangelical Domination  Post 1965 Immigration •Fundamentalism•Abolitionism •Billy Graham•Woman’s Rights •Reject Social Gospel •Fuller Theological•Prohibition •Revivalistic missions Seminary•Missions •Reject Woman’s rights •Christianity Today •Charismatic Movement•Postmillennial Optimism •Reject modernity •Jesus Movement (1970s)•Scottish Common Sense •Premillennialism •Evangelicals for SocialPhilosophy Action •Anti-intellectualism •Sojourners Community •Religious Right 1800-1865 1866-1945 Since 1945
  41. 41. TAKIE OKUMURA (1865-1945)
  42. 42. Source: http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/collection/image.asp?ID=405
  43. 43. Source: http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/collection/image.asp?ID=405
  44. 44. NG POON CHEW (1866-1931)
  45. 45. MAINLINE PROTESTANTISM THEOLOGY OF ENGAGEMENT
  46. 46. 1937 - WASHINGTON STATE ATTEMPTS TO ELIMINATE INTERRACIAL MARRIAGESWashington state legislature attempts to pass ananti-miscegenation law prohibiting "... any personof the Caucasian or white race to intermarry withany person of the Ethiopian or black race, theMalayan or brown race, or Mongolian or yellowrace."Stefanie Johnson, “Blocking Racial Intermarriage Laws in1935 and 1937: Seattles First Civil Rights Coalition” (2005)
  47. 47. ROY ISAO SANO (1931- )
  48. 48. Roy Isao Sano is a retired Japanese-American Bishop of the United Methodist Church, elected in 1984.
  49. 49. PAUL M. NAGANO (1920- )
  50. 50. JAPANESE EVANGELICALMISSIONARY SOCIETY • F. 1951
  51. 51. 37
  52. 52. EVANGELICAL RESURGENCE
  53. 53. EVANGELICAL RESURGENCEThe Fundamentalist inheritance:A theology of separation
  54. 54. EVANGELICAL RESURGENCEThe Fundamentalist inheritance:A theology of separationRacial and ethnic diversity:lack of tools- Michael Emerson and Christian Smith, Divided byFaith: Evangelical Religion and the Problem of Race inAmerica (2001)
  55. 55. EVANGELICAL RESURGENCEThe Fundamentalist inheritance:A theology of separationRacial and ethnic diversity:lack of tools- Michael Emerson and Christian Smith, Divided byFaith: Evangelical Religion and the Problem of Race inAmerica (2001)
  56. 56. POST 1965 ASIAN AMERICA
  57. 57. POST 1965 ASIAN AMERICANew immigrants and refuges from otherparts of Asia
  58. 58. POST 1965 ASIAN AMERICANew immigrants and refuges from otherparts of AsiaNisei --> Sansei --> Yonsei
  59. 59. POST 1965 ASIAN AMERICANew immigrants and refuges from otherparts of AsiaNisei --> Sansei --> YonseiChinese diversity: Guandong, Taiwan,Southeast Asia, Latin America, Fujian
  60. 60. POST 1965 ASIAN AMERICANew immigrants and refuges from otherparts of AsiaNisei --> Sansei --> YonseiChinese diversity: Guandong, Taiwan,Southeast Asia, Latin America, FujianMore pan-ethnic and interracial relationships
  61. 61. Asian American evangelicals today
  62. 62. Asian American evangelicals today Theology of separation
  63. 63. Asian American evangelicals today Theology of separation Theology of non-engagement with culture and out identities
  64. 64. POSTRACIAL & POSTETHNIC Racial Deconstruction
  65. 65. AMERICANIZATION VERSUSRACIAL-ETHNIC TRIBALISM
  66. 66. Are we moving from color-conscious to color-blind (post-racial) America?
  67. 67. Are we moving from color-conscious to color-blind (post-racial) America?What is the fate of AsianAmerican consciousness?
  68. 68. But Moses said to God, “Who am I that I should go toPharaoh and bring the Israelites out of Egypt?” - Ex 3:11 (NIV) THEOLOGY OF ENGAGEMENT WITH ASIAN AMERICAN IDENTITY AND EXPERIENCES

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