Open Innovation     Nat Torkington   12 November 2012
FOO
PastPresentFuture
1991
Hyper-G and WWW•   Bidirectional links   •   No back links•   Document groups       •   Isolated documents•   Searchable  ...
My Paradox World•   DNS                    •   Database•   Sockets Networking     •   Mail Server•   Operating System     ...
Open Source Software
Ingredients      Baked Source       BinariesProduce       ConsumeImprove       Tolerate
“If you can’t open it, you don’t own it”
Richard Stallman’s     Printer
Four Freedoms• To run for any purpose• To study and change• To redistribute what you got• To improve and release your impr...
Wikipedia
Wikipedia• 1.5B readers (en)• 10M views of 5M articles• 81.5 edits/article on average• 34k people (en), 80k globally
Invisible Walls
Software• Charismatic leader   • Discussion• Useful               • Change tracking and                         control• E...
Wikipedia• Charismatic leader   • Discussion• Useful               • Change tracking and                         control• ...
RedHat$1.3B / $10B
MySQL$1B, 40%
Google$38B / $189B
Facebook$3.8B / $82B
Amazon$51B / $103B
Google, Facebook,Amazon are all open source companies
Four Freedoms• To run for any purpose• To study and change• To redistribute what you got• To improve and release your impr...
Crowdsourcing
Galaxy Zoo
Problem: categorize 1Mgalaxies from the Sloan   Digital Sky Survey         (2007)
24h: 70k/hr>50M in 1st year  50k people
2007   Hanny van Arkel:“what’s this voorwerp?”
Galaxy Zoo: Hannys Voorwerp, a Quasar Light Echo? Chris J. Lintott, KevinScawinski, William Keel, Hanny van Arkel, Edward ...
Zooniverse
‘Ancient Lives’Oxyrhynchus papri
‘Old Weather’Royal Navy ship logs
FoldIt
Mason-Pfizer virusDiels-Alder enzyme
X Prizes‘Grand Challenge’
Human Genome   Project
Ansari Space X Prize3 passengers, 100km,       2 in 2
26 teams7 nations $100M  $10M
Google Lunar Archon Genomics  Nokia SensingQualcomm TricorderWendy Schmidt Oil
Netflix$1M 2006-2009  200 teams
Kaggle
Open Data
GenBank126,551,501,141 bases135,440,924 sequences
Jim Kent June 22 June 25
Checklist• Charismatic leader   • Discussion• Useful               • Change tracking and                         control• ...
US Geospatial Industry        $4B
GPSTIGER
NZG CabinetDeclaration on Open Data
open.org.nz
Gates Foundation Global Health
Marsden                  Requirements Include the following matters in the final report to the Society required under clau...
What’s the Internet   Good At?
1. Copying and Shipping   2. Forming Groups
Effects• Lower barrier to entry• Downstream impact• Not in academic publications
We Don’t Value• Lower barrier to entry• Downstream impact• Not in academic publications
Incentive-Created    Distortion
‘Impact Factor’
Time   QualityReproducibility
Biggest Successes
R
Weka
Resources• http://open.org.nz• Fabiana Kubke• Nick Jones• Tim McNamara
Nathan Torkington        Kiwi Foo  nathan@torkington.com
Open Innovation
Open Innovation
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Open Innovation

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Talk given as part of Auckland University Office of Research's seminar series, November 2012.

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Open Innovation

  1. 1. Open Innovation Nat Torkington 12 November 2012
  2. 2. FOO
  3. 3. PastPresentFuture
  4. 4. 1991
  5. 5. Hyper-G and WWW• Bidirectional links • No back links• Document groups • Isolated documents• Searchable • Unsearchable• Backed by a company • Given away by CERN• Marketing • Word of mouth
  6. 6. My Paradox World• DNS • Database• Sockets Networking • Mail Server• Operating System • Messaging Client• Programming Language • Calendar Server• Browser • ...• Web Server
  7. 7. Open Source Software
  8. 8. Ingredients Baked Source BinariesProduce ConsumeImprove Tolerate
  9. 9. “If you can’t open it, you don’t own it”
  10. 10. Richard Stallman’s Printer
  11. 11. Four Freedoms• To run for any purpose• To study and change• To redistribute what you got• To improve and release your improvements
  12. 12. Wikipedia
  13. 13. Wikipedia• 1.5B readers (en)• 10M views of 5M articles• 81.5 edits/article on average• 34k people (en), 80k globally
  14. 14. Invisible Walls
  15. 15. Software• Charismatic leader • Discussion• Useful • Change tracking and control• Enough motivated contributors • Clear process• Reputation • Clear standards• Bug tracking • Easy entry
  16. 16. Wikipedia• Charismatic leader • Discussion• Useful • Change tracking and control• Enough motivated contributors • Clear process• Reputation • Clear standards• Bug tracking • Easy entry
  17. 17. RedHat$1.3B / $10B
  18. 18. MySQL$1B, 40%
  19. 19. Google$38B / $189B
  20. 20. Facebook$3.8B / $82B
  21. 21. Amazon$51B / $103B
  22. 22. Google, Facebook,Amazon are all open source companies
  23. 23. Four Freedoms• To run for any purpose• To study and change• To redistribute what you got• To improve and release your improvements
  24. 24. Crowdsourcing
  25. 25. Galaxy Zoo
  26. 26. Problem: categorize 1Mgalaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (2007)
  27. 27. 24h: 70k/hr>50M in 1st year 50k people
  28. 28. 2007 Hanny van Arkel:“what’s this voorwerp?”
  29. 29. Galaxy Zoo: Hannys Voorwerp, a Quasar Light Echo? Chris J. Lintott, KevinScawinski, William Keel, Hanny van Arkel, Edward Edmondson, Daniel Thomas, Nicola Bennert,Daniel J.B. Smith, Peter D. Herbert, Matt J. Jarvis, Dan Andreescu, Steven P. Bamford, Kate Land, Phil Murray, Robert C. Nichol, M. JordanRaddick, Anze Slosar, Alex Szalay, Jan Vandenberg. MNRAS Volume 399 Issue 1 pp. 129 - 140
  30. 30. Zooniverse
  31. 31. ‘Ancient Lives’Oxyrhynchus papri
  32. 32. ‘Old Weather’Royal Navy ship logs
  33. 33. FoldIt
  34. 34. Mason-Pfizer virusDiels-Alder enzyme
  35. 35. X Prizes‘Grand Challenge’
  36. 36. Human Genome Project
  37. 37. Ansari Space X Prize3 passengers, 100km, 2 in 2
  38. 38. 26 teams7 nations $100M $10M
  39. 39. Google Lunar Archon Genomics Nokia SensingQualcomm TricorderWendy Schmidt Oil
  40. 40. Netflix$1M 2006-2009 200 teams
  41. 41. Kaggle
  42. 42. Open Data
  43. 43. GenBank126,551,501,141 bases135,440,924 sequences
  44. 44. Jim Kent June 22 June 25
  45. 45. Checklist• Charismatic leader • Discussion• Useful • Change tracking and control• Enough motivated contributors • Clear process• Reputation • Clear standards• Bug tracking • Easy entry
  46. 46. US Geospatial Industry $4B
  47. 47. GPSTIGER
  48. 48. NZG CabinetDeclaration on Open Data
  49. 49. open.org.nz
  50. 50. Gates Foundation Global Health
  51. 51. Marsden Requirements Include the following matters in the final report to the Society required under clause 4.2(c): (i) which data and sample repositories will be used to store the metadata, data and samples collected as part of the Programme; and (ii) where the metadata will be stored if no data or sample repositories are available.(k) Unless prohibited under any required ethical consent or approval, establish adequate and reasonable access to metadata, data and samples collected as part of the Programme within twelve months of the Completion Date of the Contract to: (i) people carrying out research; and (ii) national and international repositories.
  52. 52. What’s the Internet Good At?
  53. 53. 1. Copying and Shipping 2. Forming Groups
  54. 54. Effects• Lower barrier to entry• Downstream impact• Not in academic publications
  55. 55. We Don’t Value• Lower barrier to entry• Downstream impact• Not in academic publications
  56. 56. Incentive-Created Distortion
  57. 57. ‘Impact Factor’
  58. 58. Time QualityReproducibility
  59. 59. Biggest Successes
  60. 60. R
  61. 61. Weka
  62. 62. Resources• http://open.org.nz• Fabiana Kubke• Nick Jones• Tim McNamara
  63. 63. Nathan Torkington Kiwi Foo nathan@torkington.com

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