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Cracking the code of life


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Cracking the code of life

  1. 1. Cracking the Code of Life By: Grace Trainor
  2. 2. What is the Human Genome Project?  Decoding the Human Genome—meaning interpreting the genetic code  The DNA Sequencing is used to determine the exact sequence of bases (A, C, G, T) in a DNA Molecule  Goals of the Project: To discover what the instruction code is telling scientists and to understand the differences in DNA and where/what certain alleles are located on the chromosomes  Knowing the code tells us…(1) What genes will be passed down, (2) How the DNA works and what it carries
  3. 3. Now, Locate the Genome
  4. 4. Contributions that the Human Genome could make…  A lot of genetic disorders occur due to a single base change (displacement of one single letter—A, T, C, G—can lead to many deficiencies and a change in the genome)  With the Human Genome, scientists would be able to find out what exactly is going wrong with the sequence of DNA, genes, and proteins  The information would also tells us what people are at risk for certain diseases, early on (such as TaySach’s and Cystic Fibrosis) 
  5. 5. Timeline of the Human Genome Project
  6. 6. Who is helping with the Human Genome Project?  CRAIG VENTER  Scientist and Entrepreneur—FIRST to sequence the Human Genome  Created company CELERA: holds machines that decodes genome at an incredibly fast pace (take ONLY 2 YEARS to complete)  Company created competition between private and public companies—race to see who can decode the genome first  Private: Receive $$ from investors and information may by private  Public: Receive $$ from government and free information to everyone
  7. 7. Don’t Forget!  Not only is studying the genes and genomes important, but also PROTEOMES  What is Proteome, you may ask?  The collection of Proteins  Why is Proteome important, you may ask?  Genes make up ALL proteins AND proteins do all the work in the cell   Studying the Genes—must understand Proteins (vice versa) to discover functions in the body
  8. 8. Fun Facts: Did you know…  50% of the genes in bananas are in HUMANS!  ALL HUMANS share 99.9% of their DNA  98% of our DNA has a largely unknown function (based on the 2001 documentary), however Scientists now challenge this belief by stating that 80% of our genes ARE active  Read this article from Times Magazine for more information:
  9. 9. And YOU can watch this AMAZING documentary RIGHT NOW!  For even more information, Visit…