EMVALİ METRUKE(LEFT [OVER] PROPERTIES)ABANDONED PROPERTIES
WE HAVE THUS FAR PREPARED THE DOSSIER                FOR…           OR HAVE WE.???
POLITICAL DEMANDSDO THEY PRESENT ALL OUR DEMANDS???
ARMENIAN PROPERTIES WEREALL OVER THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE…
   The most    important    Armenian effort    regarding the    Armenian    confiscated    Properties in the    Ottoman E...
NevzatOnaranA Turkish HumanRights advocateand journalist whohas produced theonly completestudy of Lawspertaining toArmenia...
1.   Law of 14 (27) May, 1915, known as            the “Deportation Law”2.    Law of May 17 (30), 1915 known as        the...
a)    Temporary Law(???)b)     Armenians who were sent to other places            because of extraordinary political      ...
Addendum     to Law of 14 May, 1915Religious Institutions: Movable properties will be returned and not liquidated (Evkaf...
To the Tasfiye Komisyons [LiquidationCommissions] of: Erzerum, Adana, Ankara, Bitlis Aleppo, Diyarbekir, Sivas, Trepizond,...
It is ordered that special companies be formed for the[liquidation] of real and temporal Armenianproperties left behind by...
It is ordered that special companies be formed forthe [liquidation] of real and temporal Armenianproperties left behind by...
INVALIDATING THE SEPTEMBER 13, 1915 PROPERTY LIQUIDATION LAW (Why?)Article 2: The immovable properties mentioned inArticle...
THE BEST EXAMPLE OF THEIMPLIMENTATION [OR LACK OF    ITS IMPLIMENTATION]       HAPPENED IN…
BCA (Başbakanlik Cumhuriyyet Arşivi), 030.18.11/01.04.10July 1, 1920 (June 18 11920) [18 Haziran 1336]After reading the Le...
Mustafa Kemal’s signature is circled
Article 1: Based on their escape and/or not beingpresent, the movable properties of individuals inthe districts that are l...
Article 1: Based on their escape and/or not being present, themovable properties of individuals in the districts that are ...
•PARTIALLY    ALTERCATES DEPORTATION LAWOF MAY 14 (27), 1915•LIQUIDATION LAW OF SEPTEMBER 13 (26), 1915•SELLING OF PROPERT...
REGARDING ALTERATIONS IN SEVERALPUBLISHED LAWS: LIQUIDATION LAW[REGARDING ABANDONED PROPERTIES]DATED SEPTEMBER 13 (26), 19...
HOW MANY ALTERCATIONS…     LOST COUNT ???  (Psss-You are not alone…)
The International Perspective  The Turkish Perspective The Armenian Perspective
GENOCIDE      MASSACRES   ETHNIC CLEANSINGCRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY
The case for armenian abandoned properties in the ottoman empire
The case for armenian abandoned properties in the ottoman empire
The case for armenian abandoned properties in the ottoman empire
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The case for armenian abandoned properties in the ottoman empire

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Laws pertaining to the confiscation of Armenian properties in the Ottoman Empire and Republican Turkey: 1915-1928

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The case for armenian abandoned properties in the ottoman empire

  1. 1. EMVALİ METRUKE(LEFT [OVER] PROPERTIES)ABANDONED PROPERTIES
  2. 2. WE HAVE THUS FAR PREPARED THE DOSSIER FOR… OR HAVE WE.???
  3. 3. POLITICAL DEMANDSDO THEY PRESENT ALL OUR DEMANDS???
  4. 4. ARMENIAN PROPERTIES WEREALL OVER THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE…
  5. 5.  The most important Armenian effort regarding the Armenian confiscated Properties in the Ottoman Empire
  6. 6. NevzatOnaranA Turkish HumanRights advocateand journalist whohas produced theonly completestudy of Lawspertaining toArmenian andGreek“Abandoned”properties todate…(1915-1988)
  7. 7. 1. Law of 14 (27) May, 1915, known as the “Deportation Law”2. Law of May 17 (30), 1915 known as the “Sheltering and Feeding of Deportees” Law 3. Law of May 28 (June 9), 1915, known as the Law of Administering of properties and lands belonging to Armenians
  8. 8. a) Temporary Law(???)b) Armenians who were sent to other places because of extraordinary political (WAR???) situationsc) Special Commissions established to keep written inventory, which are tied directly to Ministry of Interior (Talat)(?) d) “Abandoned” Properties(?) e) Settle refugees on these abandoned properties(?) f) Cadastre and Finance Ministries will be involved(?)
  9. 9. Addendum to Law of 14 May, 1915Religious Institutions: Movable properties will be returned and not liquidated (Evkaf Ministry gets involved) Deportees can ask for official Tapus (Deeds) of properties Armenian debts will be paid through the commissions(?)
  10. 10. To the Tasfiye Komisyons [LiquidationCommissions] of: Erzerum, Adana, Ankara, Bitlis Aleppo, Diyarbekir, Sivas, Trepizond, Maamuret Al Aziz, Konya, and Edirne Vilayets [Provinces] and the Mutassarifates of: Urfa, Janik, Karesi,Kayseri [Caesarea], [Shabin] Karahisar, Eskishehir, Nigde, Kutahya, Marash, and the areas of Tekfurdagh, Adana, Jebel Bereket, Kozan [Sis], Yozgat, Ankara, Erzerum, Bitlis, Aleppo, Marash, Antakia, Hudavendigar, Gemlik, Bilejik,Diyarbekir, Sivas, Marzifon, Tokat, Samson, Ordu, Trepizond, Konya, Maamuret Al Aziz, Izmit,Adabazar, Eskishehir, Sivrihisar, Kayseri, Develi, Nigde, [Shabin] Karahisar, and Urfa.
  11. 11. It is ordered that special companies be formed for the[liquidation] of real and temporal Armenianproperties left behind by the deportees in order togive their ownership to Muslims under the color oflaw. These companies must remain in effect andtheir boards must be elected from righteous and ablecitizens. Effort must be utilized so that the shares ofthese companies will not be priced over one TurkishLira, and that the shares will not fall into the handsof foreign investors. We urge you to keep usinformed of all details regarding these actions. November 24, 1915 Minister of Interior [Talat] Signature
  12. 12. It is ordered that special companies be formed forthe [liquidation] of real and temporal Armenianproperties left behind by the deportees in order togive their ownership to Muslims under the color oflaw. These companies must remain in effect andtheir boards must be elected from righteous and ablecitizens. Effort must be utilized so that the shares ofthese companies will not be priced over one TurkishLira, and that the shares will not fall into the handsof foreign investors. We urge you to keep usinformed of all details regarding these actions. November 24, 1915 Minister of Interior [Talat] Signature
  13. 13. INVALIDATING THE SEPTEMBER 13, 1915 PROPERTY LIQUIDATION LAW (Why?)Article 2: The immovable properties mentioned inArticle 1, which have been expropriated according torules and regulations …will be returned and will bedealt with in accordance with these rules andregulations.Article 4: …proving their identity by officialdocuments and/or through notarized affidavits…
  14. 14. THE BEST EXAMPLE OF THEIMPLIMENTATION [OR LACK OF ITS IMPLIMENTATION] HAPPENED IN…
  15. 15. BCA (Başbakanlik Cumhuriyyet Arşivi), 030.18.11/01.04.10July 1, 1920 (June 18 11920) [18 Haziran 1336]After reading the Letter of the Ministry of Interior datedJune 4, 1920 and carrying the serial number 769, whichmade us aware that Armenian are being led group by groupinto Constantinople and other coastal cities and thosecapable amongst them are being armed by foreigners(Western Powers) and are thus oppressing Muslims, it isdecided that their free movement and travel [within thecountry] is considered improper and is thus informed to theproper authorities for enforcement.[Signatures of Cabinet Ministers]
  16. 16. Mustafa Kemal’s signature is circled
  17. 17. Article 1: Based on their escape and/or not beingpresent, the movable properties of individuals inthe districts that are liberated from the enemyare put under the jurisdiction of thegovernment’s pertinent directorate and are soldin public auctions. As to the immovableproperties and cultivated lands of suchindividuals, these too are surrendered to thesame government directorate and the rents andsums collected from the sale of the product of theland are deposited in the money coffers (MalSandıkları) as trust deposits after being dullyregistered.
  18. 18. Article 1: Based on their escape and/or not being present, themovable properties of individuals in the districts that are liberatedfrom the enemy are put under the jurisdiction of the government’spertinent directorate and are sold in public auctions. As to theimmovable properties and cultivated lands of such individuals,these too are surrendered to the same government directorate andthe rents and sums collected from the sale of the product of theland are deposited in the money coffers (Mal Sandıkları) as trustdeposits after being dully registered.Article 5: This low is now in force regarding all those withmovable or immovable properties who have escaped, or whose notbeing present is officially acknowledged.
  19. 19. •PARTIALLY ALTERCATES DEPORTATION LAWOF MAY 14 (27), 1915•LIQUIDATION LAW OF SEPTEMBER 13 (26), 1915•SELLING OF PROPERTIES IN THE LIBERATEDAREAS, DATED APRIL 20, 1922•cases involving lawsuits concerning such immovableproperties, the ministries are held not responsible andproperty deed registration documents are notconsidered as not established (Gair-i Muteber).•The deadlines are changed as follows: 4 months if theyare within the boundaries of the [Ottoman] state andwithin a period of 6 months if they are outside theboundaries of the [Ottoman] state [foreign countries].
  20. 20. REGARDING ALTERATIONS IN SEVERALPUBLISHED LAWS: LIQUIDATION LAW[REGARDING ABANDONED PROPERTIES]DATED SEPTEMBER 13 (26), 1915, LAW 333,DATED APRIL 15, 1923Article 3: the immovable properties of peoplewho are mentioned in Article 6 of the lawdated April 15, 1923, are thus, and from thatday on, transferred to the Coffers of theMinistry of Finance.
  21. 21. HOW MANY ALTERCATIONS… LOST COUNT ??? (Psss-You are not alone…)
  22. 22. The International Perspective The Turkish Perspective The Armenian Perspective
  23. 23. GENOCIDE MASSACRES ETHNIC CLEANSINGCRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY

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