Concept Of Jihad

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Theoretical aspects of the concept of Jihad

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  • Number 3 is not entirely true. The concept of Jihad and relation to martyrdom is seen in the Qur'an, especially around surah 47. Striving for the religion and dying is rewarded by heaven in this verse. And was practiced in many battles including Badr and Trench. So you could say that it is an original phenomenon supported and maintained by the Prophet, revived in modern form by terrorist organizations.
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Concept Of Jihad

  1. 1. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>QUR’ANNIC INTERPRITATION </li></ul><ul><li>-DAR UL SALAM= DOMAIN OF PEACE </li></ul><ul><li> Also known as Dar Ul Iman (Faith) </li></ul><ul><li>-DAR UL HARB=DOMAIN OF WAR </li></ul><ul><li> Also known as Dar Al Kufr (Prosetelizing) </li></ul>
  2. 2. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>DAR UL SALAM </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DOMAIN OF PEACE: THEORATICALLY INCLUDES ALL LANDS UNDER MUSLIM RULE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EXCLUDES ALL LANDS NOT UNDER MUSLIM </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RULE </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>DAR UL HARB </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DAR UL HARB: CONTAINES ALL LAND THAT IS NOT UNDER MUSLIM CONTROL </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HOWEVER, LATELY IT CAN ALSO INCLUDE LANDS THAT ARE UNDER ISLAM, BUT WHOSE LEADERS DO NOT FOLLOW THE MORAL TRADITIONS OF ISLAM ( DEFENSIVE JIHAD ) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>DEFENSIVE JIHAD: </li></ul><ul><li>-NEW PHENOMENON </li></ul><ul><li>-STARTED WHEN MUSLIM REGIMES STARTED TO OPPRESS JIHADISTS </li></ul><ul><li>-DEFENSIVE JIHAD WAS FORMULATED TO ALLOW JIHADISTS TO FIGHT THOSE MUSLIM REGIMES </li></ul>
  5. 5. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><ul><ul><li>WHO WERE OPPRESSING ISLAMISTS UNDER </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>THE DISGUISE OF “NATIONALISM,” “MODERNISM,”“SECULARISM,” WHILE IN REALITY, AND ACCORDING TO HARD-CORE ISLAMISTS, THEY WERE NOTHING ACCEPT THE “LAKIES” OF WESTERN POWERS, SPECIFICALLY THE U.S.A. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>(1) A DEFINITION OF JIHAD: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>JIHAD IS THE PROCESS BY WHICH A MUSLIM IS OBLIGATED TO TAKE PIECES FROM DAR UL HARB AND JOIN IT (BRING IT) TO “DAR UL SALAM” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(EXTERNAL JIHAD) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IF HE DIES (I.E., IS MARTYRED) IN THIS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PROCESS HE AUTOMATICALLY “EARNS HIS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PLACE IN HEAVEN” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>GHAZI AND GHUZAT </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GHAZE =CONQUERER </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>GHUZAT= CONQUERERS (PLURAL OF GHAZI) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>-THIS IS A PROCESS THAT CAME FORTH DURING THE PERIOD OF THE DEMISE OF </li></ul><ul><li>THE ARAB CALIFATE AND REACHED ITS ZENIT DURING OTTOMAN RULE </li></ul><ul><li>-GHAZIZ WERE FIGHTERS LOCATED ON THE PERIFEREE OF THE EMPIRE AND THEIR WORK </li></ul><ul><li>WAS TO ATTACK CHRISTIAN OR NON-MUSLIM LANDS AND OCCUPY THEM </li></ul><ul><li>-THEIR EMIR (PRINCE) WOULD THEN GIVE THEM PIECES OF CONQUERED LAND AS THEIR </li></ul><ul><li> DOMAIN (NO PROGENITOR AT FIRST, LATER BECAME PERMENANT) </li></ul><ul><li>-THIS WAS THE BEGINNING OF THE IQTAA (FUDAL) SYSTEM IN THE MIDDLE EAST </li></ul><ul><li>-GHAZIZ WERE JIHADISTS WITH POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC AMBITIONS (NO RELIGIOUS </li></ul><ul><li> OVERTONES) </li></ul>
  8. 8. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>(2) A DEFINITION OF JIHAD </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>JIHAD IS THE PROCESS BY WHICH A MUSLIM PURIFIES HIMSELF INTERNALLY THROUGH PRAYER, READING, ANALYSING, OBSERVING, AND MEDITATING, TO BE ACCEPTABLE TO GOD </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(INTERNAL JIHAD) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>(3) A DEFINITIAN OF JIHAD </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>AS OF LATE (1970’S AND ON) JIHAD IS A PROCESS BY WHICH A MUJAHID (FIGHTER) FIGHTS AGAINST CORRUPT LOCAL LEADERS AND ALSO WESTERN ENEMIES EVERYWHARE IN THE WORLD </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(OFFENSIVE JIHAD) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>TWO KINDS OF JIHAD: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>INTERNAL </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EXTERNAL </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>INTERNAL JIHAD </li></ul><ul><li>-TO CLEAN ONE’S SOAL FROM ALL INPURITIES OF LIFE: </li></ul><ul><li>-SEXUAL </li></ul><ul><li>-ANIMALISTIC </li></ul><ul><li>-SOCIAL </li></ul><ul><li>-FINANCIAL, ETC… </li></ul>
  12. 12. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>IJTIHAD: </li></ul><ul><li>-IMPORTANT TERM FOR “INTERNAL JIHAD” </li></ul><ul><li>-MEANS TO READ AND RESEARCH TO “PURIFY ONESELF” </li></ul><ul><li>-WHEN IJTIHAD IS COMPLETE, ONE IS READY FOR “EXTERNAL JIHAD” </li></ul>
  13. 13. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>EXTERNAL JIHAD: </li></ul><ul><li>-COMES WHEN INTERNAL JIHAD IS ACHIEVED (SEE IJTIHAD) </li></ul><ul><li>-THE INDIVIDUAL IS NOW READY TO FIGHT (EXTERNAL JIHAD) THE ENEMIES OF ISLAM </li></ul>
  14. 14. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>AMERICA WITH JIHADISTS UP TO 1990 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>COMMUNISM VERSES CAPITALISM </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AFGANISTAN EXPERIENCE </li></ul><ul><li>US AID TO MUJAHIDUN </li></ul><ul><li>FIGHTING COMMUNISM (USSR) </li></ul><ul><li>AMERICA AS A FRIEND AND WEAPONS SUPPLYER </li></ul>
  15. 15. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>1991 AND FOLLOWING </li></ul><ul><li>- 1 ST GULF WAR </li></ul><ul><li>- AMERICA AND OTHER ALLIES ON SAUDI SOIL </li></ul><ul><li> (“KAFIRS” [NON-MUSLIMS] ON THE LAND OF THE HOLY STATE: MECCA AND MEDINA) </li></ul><ul><li>- USAMA BIN LADIN’S PROPOSAL TO SAUDI GOVERNMENT </li></ul><ul><li>- REFUSAL OF HIS PROPOSAL </li></ul><ul><li>- BIN LADIN VOWS TO STRIKE AMERICA AND AMERICANS </li></ul>
  16. 16. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>ATTACKS FOLLOW </li></ul><ul><li>- 1 ST ST BOMBING OF TWIN TOWERS </li></ul><ul><li>- BLIND CLERIC AND THE UNCOVERING OF “DAY OF </li></ul><ul><li> MEYHEM” IN NEW YORK AND NEW JERSY </li></ul><ul><li>- THE US BATTLESHIP, COLE’S INCIDENT ON THE YEMENI SHORES </li></ul><ul><li>- THE SIMULTANIOUS EMBASSIES BOMBINGS IN AFRICA </li></ul><ul><li>- THE TIMID RESPONSE BY PRESIDENT CLINTON??? </li></ul>
  17. 17. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>CURRENT SITUATION </li></ul><ul><li>- USAMA AND THE FUTURE OF AL QAIDA (THE MUBAYA’A ISSUE) </li></ul><ul><li>- THE PLORIFERATION OF TERRORIST CELLS ALL OVER THE WORLD </li></ul><ul><li>- UNIFIED FRONT OR LOOSE FEDERATION OF JIHADISTS </li></ul><ul><li>- CENTRIFUGAL VS. CENTRIPEDAL FORCES WITHIN THE JIHADIST COMMUNITY </li></ul>
  18. 18. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>WHAT THIS MEANS FOR US? </li></ul><ul><li>-PAESTINE !!!, MOTHER OF ALL ISSUES </li></ul><ul><li>-LEBANON !!!, SISTER OF ALL ISSUES </li></ul><ul><li> (THE SHIITE CONNECTION) </li></ul><ul><li>-ARAB ANTI-JIHADIST POLICIES, DAUGHTER OF ALL ISSUES </li></ul><ul><li>-AMERICAN HEGEMONY, A FACTOR THAT CONTRIBUTES TO ALL ABOVE ISSUES </li></ul><ul><li>-AMERICAN-ISRAELI PARTNERSHIP AND ITS REMIFICATIONS </li></ul>
  19. 19. JIHAD AND ITS EVOLUTION <ul><li>WHAT THIS MEANS FOR US? </li></ul><ul><li>THIS PAGE IS LEFT BLANC FOR INTERNAL DISCUSSION </li></ul>

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