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Cs os under the gtp (english)


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Cs os under the gtp (english)

  1. 1. Civil Society under the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP)The GTP has recognized the contributions of the Ethiopian civil society sector to date andprovided for their role in the development planning period covered by the document.Generally, such recognition relates to resource mobilization, implementation of socialsector programmes, capacity building and good governance, and cross-cutting sectors(especially women‟s and children‟s affairs, youth development and social welfare).A) FinancingThe implementation of the GTP requires substantive domestic and external resources tofinance the anticipated budget deficit. The contributions of NGOs in addressing thefinancing gap has been anticipated by the GTP based on experience during the SDPRPand PASDEP periods. In describing the role of the private sector and the public, the GTPstates: (GTP, p 44) “Accordingly, in the next five years, the private sector, the public and non- government organizations are expected to play a more active role and thereby significantly contribute to the success of the GTP. The contribution … is therefore included as one critical element of the country‟s overall capacity to finance the GTP.”The perceived “good relationship between the government and development partners”(GTP, p. 122) has also been identified among the opportunities in mobilizing the financialresources for the implementation of the GTP. Conversely, the government is committedto strengthening the “contributions of local and international NGOs and CBOs in theimplementation of the development plan” risks pertaining to the mobilization of externalresources. (GTP, p. 123)B) Social SectorsThe achievement of ambitious social goals stipulated in the GTP has to take into accountthe past and current contribution of civil society as well as their potential for the future.This is particularly true for current areas of civil society engagement in education andtraining, gender parity, special needs education, alternative basic education, etc … Alarge number of charities and societies are currently implementing interventions in theeducation, health and other social sectors (See annexed Table on sectoral distribution ofprojects). CSOs have established and manage education and health institutions at alllevels. Examples include the Hope University established by Hope Enterprises, anorganization affiliated to the EOC. Similarly, the HIV/AIDS Policy and subsequentstrategic plans recognize the role of the civil society sector in financing andimplementation of the national response to the epidemic. This has been indicated in theGTP.Ghetnet MetikuE-mail: Page 1
  2. 2. The implementation strategies for „Education and Training‟ under the GTP includeencouraging “the private sector, NGOs and the community” to open secondary schools.(GTP, p 90) The GTP also recognizes “the promotion of private sector and NGOsparticipation in the health sector” among the core elements of the health sector strategy(GTP, p. 92) and emphasizes the increasing importance of “the partnership andnetworking between the government and NGOs and civil society and private sectororganizations engaged in heath related activities … in enhancing implementation of theprogram” (GTP, p. 92). As such, in describing the implementation strategies for thehealth sector, the GTP states that: (GTP, p. 92) “In addition, the health sector will forge strong partnership and create a coordination mechanism to ensure that there will be conducive environment for the Development Partners and NGOs/CSOs/Private sectors to enhance scaling up of interventions during the strategic period.”C) Capacity Building and Good GovernanceThe role of society organizations, especially mass based associations in capacity buildingand promoting good governance has been explicitly recognized in the GTP. With a viewto ensuring citizens‟ participation in local governance and development decision making,the GTP stipulates measures to: (GTP, pp. 96-97) “create an enabling environment for professional and public associations to enable them to protect and promote their rights and benefits, introduce and make operational institutional and organizational mechanisms, … for professional and public associations, to encourage and ensure full public participation in the formulation and evaluation of government policies, strategies and development plans, support professional and public associations and organizations in their effort to build inter-organizational initiatives that promotes principles contributing to democratization such as tolerance, respect for the rule of law, etc …”The role of CBOs in enhancing public participation has especially been emphasized in theGTP. In setting the major goals for „capacity building and good governance‟, the GTPrecognizes gaps and stipulates the need for further improvements in the participation ofCBOs. (GTP, pp. 98-99) To this end, it provides for specific actions “to expanddemocracy and good governance through the participation of community basedorganizations (CBOs)” including “the involvement of cooperatives, professionalassociations, and other CBOs” as well as measures “to strengthen the degree andconsistency of public participation”. More specific to democracy and good governance,Ghetnet MetikuE-mail: Page 2
  3. 3. the GTP section on implementation strategies for „Strengthening the Democratic System‟provides that: (GTP, p. 106) “The participation of CBOs and the public at large in development planning, implementation and monitoring will be strengthened. Directives and laws that will support the functioning of CBOs and professional associations will be put in place … Participation of CBOs and stakeholders in the development process will be strengthened”.The GTP reference to encouraging public participation in media broadcast throughsupport to shared ownership in the form of „community broadcasting‟ (GTP, p. 108)could also be interpreted as a commitment to encourage the community radioprogrammes initiated and supported by CSOs such as EHRCEPA. These and otherinformation, communication and media initiatives of charities and societies are obviouslyessential in enhancing public participation in the implementation of the GTP itself.D) Cross Cutting SectorsThe GTP recognizes the role of civil society in gender and children affairs, though in asomewhat indirect manner. The contributions of CSOs are implicit in the emphasis givento the ratification of international and regional agreements as well as harmonization intothe domestic human rights system, interventions against HTPs affecting women andchildren, etc ... The past and current areas of civil society engagement also align with theGTP in such a way that the potential for contributions for the achievement of GTPtargets for gender and development and children‟s affairs is clearly evident. (See: Table43 – GTP Targets for Gender Development and Children‟s Affairs)More explicitly, the key strategies adopted for women‟s affairs under the GTP are coinedin terms of strengthening women‟s associations and organizations, creating a moreconducive environment for the active participation of women in development andgovernance programs through their associations and organizations, and effectivecoordination of women‟s associations and organizations to ensure the effectiveness andsustainability of women‟s participation. (GTP, p. 111) The implementation strategies foryouth development similarly focus on “strengthening of youth associations andorganizations” towards ensuring the “all rounded participation” of the youth indevelopment processes as well as the formation of coalitions and cooperation withstakeholders in the implementation of the youth package. (GTP, p. 112)The role of civil society in the provision of social welfare services has been mentioned inthe GTP, especially in relation to care and support programs for vulnerable social groups.For instance, in identifying the targets for social welfare, the GTP underlines the criticalrole of “the coordinated efforts of the community, people with disability, the elderly, thegovernment and non-governmental agencies” and states that “NGO care and supportGhetnet MetikuE-mail: Page 3
  4. 4. programs for the elderly will be encouraged” as an integral part of the implementationstrategies adopted for the sector. (GTP, p. 114)Ghetnet MetikuE-mail: Page 4