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Karen Rose, ISOC The IANA FUnctions and Stewardship Transition


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Session 2: ICANN Accountability and the Transition of IANA Stewardship

This session will examine the work that is currently being done to make ICANN more accountable to its stakeholders and to transition the IANA function stewardship away from the US National Telecommunications and Information Administration (“NTIA”) and why these issues matter to everyone. The session will start with a description of the structure and functions performed by ICANN, including the IANA function. The role of ICANN in the Internet multi-stakeholder governance model will be discussed, and the involvement of governments in Internet governance will be addressed. This background will then be used as the launching point for a discussion of how the evolution of ICANN and the transition of the IANA function can affect the openness, security, stability and resiliency of the Internet.

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Karen Rose, ISOC The IANA FUnctions and Stewardship Transition

  1. 1. The IANA Functions and Stewardship Transition: iANA High-level Overview
  2. 2. The Internet SocietyThe Internet Society2 The Internet is a diverse, distributed system... …but certain resources need to be unique and coordinated to keep it flourishing.
  3. 3. The Internet SocietyThe Internet Society3 IANA: Coordinating Unique Identifiers Names: Numbers: Protocol Parameters: “404” is an example of an assigned value for the HTTP protocol
  4. 4. The Internet SocietyThe Internet Society Jon Postel: The IANA Until 1998 4
  5. 5. The Internet SocietyThe Internet Society USG 1998 Statement of Policy: “Management of Names and Addresses” •  No longer appropriate for legacy USG research contracts to be in the middle •  Including for IANA functions •  Domain name policy (including new TLDs) also needs to be globally developed and administered •  Transition IANA and DNS functions to a stakeholder- driven, global, non-profit organization. •  Keys: Stability, representation, bottom-up coordination, •  Keeping with the best traditions of the Internet •  Organization now known as “ICANN” •  NTIA to contract IANA functions to the new organization until transition-ready •  30 Sept. 2000 original target date for transition 5
  6. 6. The Internet SocietyThe Internet Society6 IANA now operated by ICANN IANA Functions Today Operational communities set policy IANA requests
  7. 7. The Internet SocietyThe Internet Society IANA Transition Process •  March 14, 2014: US NTIA announces its intent to transition the IANA functions •  Asks ICANN to convene global stakeholders to develop a proposal to transition the role played by NTIA. •  Proposal developed by the community must adhere to the following principles: •  Support and enhance the multistakeholder model; •  Maintain the security, stability, and resiliency of the Internet DNS; •  Meet the needs and expectation of the global customers and partners of the IANA services; •  Maintain the openness of the Internet; •  Can not replace the NTIA role with a government-led or an inter- governmental organization solution. 7
  8. 8. The Internet SocietyThe Internet Society Process Established 8 Status Overview •  Operational communities submitted proposals to ICG, which was consolidated and issued for comment. ICG reviewing comments received. •  CCWG Accountability group Work Stream 1 honing proposal