Constraints Based CoachingBUILD THE MACHINE FOR THE RACE IT IS IN!!
What experts do during practice distinguishes them from non experts They produce an adaptationThey create a ‘SUPERIOR OPERATING SYSTEM’
“we are what we are because of stresses placedupon us and the adaptations we have made tothese stresses both physical and otherwise. Thestate of our bodies, our minds, and ourpersonalities is the result of these adaptations” (Counsilman, 1968)
Performance Grows on the Edge of Stability in ECOLOGICALLY VALID environmentsTrainingInstability P E R FPerformance OStability R M A N C E Time
Ecologically Valid Settings that provide essentially more time for participation and which do not invokephysical, psychological and performance adaptation should not be considered as TALENT DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENTS (Cobley et al 2011)
Ecologically Valid!?!?Behaviour orientates itself to information sources in theenvironment! What information sources are in your training environment?
How do we create performance instability in ecologically valid environments?
Manipulate the constraints that control performanceConstraints: The boundaries which shape the emergence of a system seeking a stable state of organisation (Renshaw et al 2010) Learners generate specific movement solutions and decision making behaviours to satisfy the unique combination of constraints imposed upon them. Manipulations: Task / Environment / Performer
Elite Group Session Plan Task OrganisationGame: TOUR TRAINING Endurance training (high repetition / short recovery). 70 –Aims: 90% MHR for 90 minutes• To develop decision making skills whilst fatigued HAND OUT TASKS• To develop focus & concentration whilst fatigued 10.50 On course activities –• To practice being aware of your change scaling parameters of the score and develop appropriate course strategy• To explore performance strategies 4.00 Review whilst fatigued and under pressure
Junior Session Task OrganisationGame: Decision Making & Skill • GameDevelopment • Questions and challenges - what are we trying to do (tactical), how we can do itAims: better (technique and tactical)Create independent problem solvers • Return to gameand tacticians • Further questions and challengesDevelop concentration in a fun • Progression of gameenvironment • Repeat the above cycleDevelop skill
Environment and Task 20 Yards Putt Chip Pitch ???
SummaryIdentify and manipulate key constraints to induce adaptations in the behaviours that lead to superior performanceCreate problems (instability) for the performer because as they overcome them they adapt to a higher level of performanceTo organise Ecologically Valid practice environments with all information sources present and flowing! Build the machine for the race it is in!!