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Constraints Based CoachingBUILD THE MACHINE FOR THE RACE           IT IS IN!!
What experts do during practice  distinguishes them from non experts       They produce an adaptationThey create a ‘SUPERI...
“we are what we are because of stresses placedupon us and the adaptations we have made tothese stresses both physical and ...
Performance Grows   on the Edge of Stability in ECOLOGICALLY VALID                    environmentsTrainingInstability P   ...
Ecologically Valid  Settings that provide essentially more time for       participation and which do not invokephysical, p...
Ecologically Valid!?!?Behaviour orientates itself to information sources in theenvironment!                               ...
How do we create performance instability  in ecologically valid environments?
Manipulate the constraints that control               performanceConstraints: The boundaries which shape the emergence of ...
Elite Group Session Plan                 Task                                  OrganisationGame: TOUR TRAINING            ...
Performer
Task
Environment
Environment
Junior Session                 Task                                 OrganisationGame: Decision Making & Skill        •   G...
Environment and Task                          20 Yards                  Putt                  Chip                  Pitch ...
SummaryIdentify and manipulate key constraints to induce adaptations in   the behaviours that lead to superior performance...
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Constraints based coaching

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Constraints based coaching, manipulation of constraints to induce performance enhancing adaptive behaviour

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Constraints based coaching

  1. 1. Constraints Based CoachingBUILD THE MACHINE FOR THE RACE IT IS IN!!
  2. 2. What experts do during practice distinguishes them from non experts They produce an adaptationThey create a ‘SUPERIOR OPERATING SYSTEM’
  3. 3. “we are what we are because of stresses placedupon us and the adaptations we have made tothese stresses both physical and otherwise. Thestate of our bodies, our minds, and ourpersonalities is the result of these adaptations” (Counsilman, 1968)
  4. 4. Performance Grows on the Edge of Stability in ECOLOGICALLY VALID environmentsTrainingInstability P E R FPerformance OStability R M A N C E Time
  5. 5. Ecologically Valid Settings that provide essentially more time for participation and which do not invokephysical, psychological and performance adaptation should not be considered as TALENT DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENTS (Cobley et al 2011)
  6. 6. Ecologically Valid!?!?Behaviour orientates itself to information sources in theenvironment! What information sources are in your training environment?
  7. 7. How do we create performance instability in ecologically valid environments?
  8. 8. Manipulate the constraints that control performanceConstraints: The boundaries which shape the emergence of a system seeking a stable state of organisation (Renshaw et al 2010) Learners generate specific movement solutions and decision making behaviours to satisfy the unique combination of constraints imposed upon them. Manipulations: Task / Environment / Performer
  9. 9. Elite Group Session Plan Task OrganisationGame: TOUR TRAINING Endurance training (high repetition / short recovery). 70 –Aims: 90% MHR for 90 minutes• To develop decision making skills whilst fatigued HAND OUT TASKS• To develop focus & concentration whilst fatigued 10.50 On course activities –• To practice being aware of your change scaling parameters of the score and develop appropriate course strategy• To explore performance strategies 4.00 Review whilst fatigued and under pressure
  10. 10. Performer
  11. 11. Task
  12. 12. Environment
  13. 13. Environment
  14. 14. Junior Session Task OrganisationGame: Decision Making & Skill • GameDevelopment • Questions and challenges - what are we trying to do (tactical), how we can do itAims: better (technique and tactical)Create independent problem solvers • Return to gameand tacticians • Further questions and challengesDevelop concentration in a fun • Progression of gameenvironment • Repeat the above cycleDevelop skill
  15. 15. Environment and Task 20 Yards Putt Chip Pitch ???
  16. 16. SummaryIdentify and manipulate key constraints to induce adaptations in the behaviours that lead to superior performanceCreate problems (instability) for the performer because as they overcome them they adapt to a higher level of performanceTo organise Ecologically Valid practice environments with all information sources present and flowing! Build the machine for the race it is in!!

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