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Nr and cemeteries lbi version oct 2017

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Laura Beth Ingle & Sarah Love

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Nr and cemeteries lbi version oct 2017

  1. 1. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation DivisionOctober 6,2017 Laura Beth Ingle, Architectural Historian Sarah Love, Archaeology Outreach Coordinator Tomb it may concern: Listing Cemeteries in the National Register of Historic Places
  2. 2. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division - National Register of Historic Places - Tax Incentives and Grants - Review and Compliance of Federally-funded or permitted projects - Local historic preservation planning and assistance - Preservation outreach and education - Archaeology State Historic Preservation Office
  3. 3. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division www.georgiashpo.org
  4. 4. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division National Register: The Myths!
  5. 5. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division NPS National Register Website: www.nps.gov/nr
  6. 6. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Official List of Historic Places Worthy of Preservation A.L. Miller School, Macon Charles L. Bowden Golf Course, Macon
  7. 7. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Buildings
  8. 8. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Structures
  9. 9. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Sites
  10. 10. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Objects
  11. 11. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Historic Districts
  12. 12. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division 1. The resource or district must be old enough to be considered “historic,” which is typically 50 years old or older. 2. The resource or district must maintain its historic integrity. National Register Eligibility
  13. 13. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division 3. Resource or district must be associated with one or more of the National Register criteria: Criterion A: Significant Events or Activities (broad patterns of history) Criterion B: Significant Persons Criterion C: Architecture, Engineering, or Landscape Architecture Criterion D: Prehistoric or Historic Archaeology National Register Eligibility
  14. 14. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Period of Significance
  15. 15. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Result in an archive of America’s built environment Provide for a national standard of documentation Help preserve historic properties by recognizing their significance Identify historic resources for planning purposes Ensure historic resources are taken into account in federal- and state-assisted projects Listing in the National Register of Historic Places DOES:
  16. 16. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Listing in the National Register of Historic Places DOES: Give owners the option to participate in the tax incentives programs for rehabilitation of historic properties
  17. 17. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Place restrictions on the use of private property Tell you what color to paint your house Prevent demolition of historic properties Listing in the National Register of Historic Places DOES NOT:
  18. 18. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division • 2,147 Listings • 84,286 Resources (As of October 2017) National Register in Georgia
  19. 19. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Cemeteries and the National Register
  20. 20. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Types of Cemeteries Church Public/City Family Rural Pauper National/Military
  21. 21. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Notchaway Baptist Church and Cemetery, Baker County Church Cemetery
  22. 22. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Public/City Cemetery City Cemetery, Sandersville, Washington County
  23. 23. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Crawford-Dorsey House and Cemetery, Clayton County Family Cemetery
  24. 24. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Rural Cemetery Rose Hill Cemetery, Bibb County
  25. 25. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Pauper Cemetery Central State Hospital Cemeteries, Macon, Bibb County
  26. 26. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division National/Military Cemetery Marietta National Cemetery, Cobb County
  27. 27. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Process for Listing in the National Register
  28. 28. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division • Individual National Register listings require owner approval • Can’t find an owner? Check the county’s tax assessor website Owner Approval Process for Listing in the National Register
  29. 29. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Preliminary Eligibility Application
  30. 30. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division 1) Physical description What does the cemetery look like? Describe landscape, topography, markers, and any buildings or structures on the property. 2) Brief history Who is buried there? Identify any ethnic or specific groups of people historically associated with the cemetery. Why is the cemetery important? 3) Map showing cemetery location 4) Recent color photographs showing overall setting and close- up views of representative markers and any unusual grave markers 5) Site plan of the cemetery with photos keyed to plan 6) Historic photographs Preliminary Eligibility Application
  31. 31. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Preliminary Eligibility Application
  32. 32. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division
  33. 33. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Process for Listing in the National Register
  34. 34. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Description
  35. 35. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Description
  36. 36. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Description
  37. 37. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Boundary
  38. 38. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division History and Research
  39. 39. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division History and Research
  40. 40. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Significance and Criteria
  41. 41. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Significance and Criteria
  42. 42. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Significance and Criteria
  43. 43. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Significance and Criteria
  44. 44. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division National Register 44
  45. 45. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Cemeteries and Criteria D  That have yielded, or may be likely to yield, information important in prehistory or history  Why do we care about information potential?  Unmarked cemeteries  No documentation  No architecture
  46. 46. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Criteria D: Information Potential  Criteria D is commonly associated with archaeological significance – though sites may be eligible for listing even if archaeological fieldwork has not been completed!  IMPORTANT: A cemetery that is eligible and nominated under Criteria D does not need to meet Criteria Consideration D  Information potential is measured in data. Start with a list of things you do not know about the cemetery. Can we acquire this data?
  47. 47. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Gospel Pilgrim Cemetery 1882 African American cemetery in Clarke County. Archaeological investigations revealed a variety of different grave goods , density of graves, boundary of the site, sizes of headstones, frequency of headstones – Produced up to date map of cemetery Nomination explains that features and artifacts may reveal socio-economic status and distinctive burial practices.
  48. 48. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Behavior Cemetery 1865-1946 African American Cemetery on Sapelo Island Nominated under Criteria D though no archaeological had been completed by the time of nomination NOR was it Being contemplated for the future. Still has the ability to reveal Information . Consider information potential to be All of the knowledge we may lack Due to lack of historic documents
  49. 49. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Sarah Love Archaeology Outreach Coordinator sarah.love@dnr.ga.gov www.georgiashpo.org
  50. 50. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Criteria Considerations CRITERIA CONSIDERATION D: CEMETERIES A cemetery is eligible if it derives its primary significance from graves of persons of transcendent importance, from age, from distinctive design features, or from association with historic events CRITERIA CONSIDERATION C: BIRTHPLACES OR GRAVES A birthplace or grave of a historical figure is eligible if the person is of outstanding importance and if there is no other appropriate site or building directly associated with his or her productive life.
  51. 51. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Criteria Considerations CRITERIA CONSIDERATION D: CEMETERIES A cemetery is eligible if it derives its primary significance from graves of persons of transcendent importance, from age, from distinctive design features, or from association with historic events CRITERIA CONSIDERATION C: BIRTHPLACES OR GRAVES A birthplace or grave of a historical figure is eligible if the person is of outstanding importance and if there is no other appropriate site or building directly associated with his or her productive life.
  52. 52. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division Georgia National Register Review Board review and approval Final form prepared and signed by State Historic Preservation Officer Georgia National Register Review Board
  53. 53. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division National Register Listing
  54. 54. Department of Natural Resources Historic Preservation Division georgiashpo.org Ways to Find HPD Historic Preservation Division - Georgia DNR GeorgiaHPD gadnr.org

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