WHAT WAS LIFE LKEUNDER THE NAZI REGIME?
ECONOMIC POLICIES• Economic Policies:– Nazis introduced a four-year plan:• To move Germany towards ‘autarky’ or economicin...
ECONOMIC POLICIES• Agricultural reforms:– Set up the ‘Reich Food Estate’ – To regulateproduction, distribution, prices of ...
ECONOMIC POLICIES• Employment:– In June 1933, the Nazis passed a Law to Reduce Unemployment.– The RAD (National Labour Ser...
SOCIAL POLICIES• Women:– Nazis saw the role of women as good mothers whowere responsible for bringing up their children at...
CHILDREN AND YOUTH• Nazis saw the need to cultivatehardworking, obedient and healthy Aryancitizens for the future:– Exerte...
PROPAGANDA• Germans were subjected to constant streamof propaganda under the control of JosefGobbels.• Glorified Hitler an...
One People, One Nation,One Fuhrer. 1938Source: www.bbc.co.ukAnti-Jewish PosterSource: www.bbc.co.ukAnti-Communist PosterSo...
STATE TERROR• Nazis had full control over the state apparatus:– SS as the main security force – suppression of theSA.– Ges...
ANTI-SEMITISM• Jewish people were persecuted in anincreasingly organised manner:– Anti-Jewish laws.– Discrimination agains...
EFFECTS ON THE GERMANPEOPLE• Nazi party members:– Benefited the most from the rule.• Ordinary German people:– Benefits:• F...
EFFECTS ON THE GERMANPEOPLE• Nazi party members:– Benefited the most from the rule.• Ordinary German people:– Benefits:• F...
EFFECTS ON THE GERMANPEOPLE• Women:– Not all women liked the Nazi emphasis whichconsigned them to “Church, Children, Cooki...
EFFECTS ON THE GERMANPEOPLE• Opponents:– Hitler banned all Trade Unions on 2 May1933.– Communists were arrested or killed....
EFFECTS ON THE GERMANPEOPLE.• The Untermensch or the ‘Sub Human’– Jews persecuted, sent to the concentration camps.– Gypsi...
EFFECTS OF NAZI RULE• Many people did benefit from Nazi rule and preferredthe stability offered by Nazi rule compared to t...
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Effects of-nazi-rule-on-germany-1204164693694990-3

  1. 1. WHAT WAS LIFE LKEUNDER THE NAZI REGIME?
  2. 2. ECONOMIC POLICIES• Economic Policies:– Nazis introduced a four-year plan:• To move Germany towards ‘autarky’ or economicindependence.– provided subsidies for industry.• More importantly, it was a way to prepareGermany for war.• Factories were set up to produce arms andammunition.• Production rose for explosives, coal and steel
  3. 3. ECONOMIC POLICIES• Agricultural reforms:– Set up the ‘Reich Food Estate’ – To regulateproduction, distribution, prices of crops and animals.• Strict control of farmers – One law stated that hens must lay65 eggs a year!– Meant that the government could control foodproduction.– Food prices were maintained at 1928 levels.– 1933 Farm Law – Farmers assured of sales andsubsidies.
  4. 4. ECONOMIC POLICIES• Employment:– In June 1933, the Nazis passed a Law to Reduce Unemployment.– The RAD (National Labour Service) sent men on public works; egthe autobahns.– Government spending rose, 1932–38 from about 5 billion to 30billion marks.– Unemployment fell from nearly 6 million to virtually nothing.– Suppressed trade unions and set up the German labour front orthe DAF.– Hitler built up the armed forces (e.g. conscription took 1 millionunemployed).– The soldiers needed equipment, so this set steel mills, coal minesand factories back into production. The Luftwaffe gave jobs tofitters, engineers and designers.– The Nazi state machinery needed thousands of clerks, prisonguards etc.
  5. 5. SOCIAL POLICIES• Women:– Nazis saw the role of women as good mothers whowere responsible for bringing up their children athome, while husbands worked.– The Law for the Encouragement of Marriage gavenewly-wed couples a loan of 1000 marks, andallowed them to keep 250 marks for each childthey had.– Mothers who had more than 8 children were givena gold medal.– But not all women were happy with the Naziregime:– Job-discrimination against women wasencouraged. Women doctors, teachers and civilservants were forced to give up their careers.– Women were never allowed to serve in the armedforces - even during the war.
  6. 6. CHILDREN AND YOUTH• Nazis saw the need to cultivatehardworking, obedient and healthy Aryancitizens for the future:– Exerted control over children’s lives – e.g.toys, games, exposure to propaganda.– Exerted control over schools and curriculum.– Creation of Hitler Youth and BDM (the Leagueof German Girls):• Further exposed children to the ‘cult’ of AdolfHitler.• Provided activities for boys.• Treated boys and girls as special.• Created fear amongst parents that their childrenwould report them to the Gestapo.• Many of these youths would eventually end upin the German Army during the Second WorldWar.
  7. 7. PROPAGANDA• Germans were subjected to constant streamof propaganda under the control of JosefGobbels.• Glorified Hitler and the Nazis and also usedto indoctrinate people and justify Nazipolicies.• Use of all forms of media such as the radio,movies, posters and even stamps to puttheir message across.• Censorship of other sources of news.
  8. 8. One People, One Nation,One Fuhrer. 1938Source: www.bbc.co.ukAnti-Jewish PosterSource: www.bbc.co.ukAnti-Communist PosterSource: www.bbc.co.uk
  9. 9. STATE TERROR• Nazis had full control over the state apparatus:– SS as the main security force – suppression of theSA.– Gestapo – The secret police– Concentration camps– Network of informants – Block Warden System.• By 1939, most of the Nazis’ opponents had goneinto exile, were imprisoned or had adopted aview of silent acquiescence.
  10. 10. ANTI-SEMITISM• Jewish people were persecuted in anincreasingly organised manner:– Anti-Jewish laws.– Discrimination against Jewish people• ‘Crystal Night’ or Kristallnacht – OrganisedNazi attack against Jews.
  11. 11. EFFECTS ON THE GERMANPEOPLE• Nazi party members:– Benefited the most from the rule.• Ordinary German people:– Benefits:• Full employment;• Strength through joy programme: Free holidays, sports facilities,subsidised cars.• Law and order.• Improved transportation network• Nazi propaganda gave hope• Trust in Hitler• Nazi racial philosophy gave Germans a sense of self-belief.– Problems:• Loss of freedom• Low wages
  12. 12. EFFECTS ON THE GERMANPEOPLE• Nazi party members:– Benefited the most from the rule.• Ordinary German people:– Benefits:• Full employment;• Strength through joy programme: Free holidays, sports facilities,subsidised cars.• Law and order.• Improved transportation network• Nazi propaganda gave hope• Trust in Hitler• Nazi racial philosophy gave Germans a sense of self-belief.– Problems:• Loss of freedom• Low wages
  13. 13. EFFECTS ON THE GERMANPEOPLE• Women:– Not all women liked the Nazi emphasis whichconsigned them to “Church, Children, Cooking’– Many professionals who were female, e.g. lawyersand doctors were forced to give up their jobs.• Youth:– Nazis’ approach did not appeal to all youths,eventually led to the formation of youth gangs whorejected Nazi culture and the Hitler Youth.– Some “Aryan” girls were sent to special camps tobreed with “Aryan” boys.
  14. 14. EFFECTS ON THE GERMANPEOPLE• Opponents:– Hitler banned all Trade Unions on 2 May1933.– Communists were arrested or killed.– Religious leaders, e.g. Protestant pastorswere persecuted and killed.– Many of those who showed unhappiness oropposed Hitler were reported to the Gestapoand arrested.
  15. 15. EFFECTS ON THE GERMANPEOPLE.• The Untermensch or the ‘Sub Human’– Jews persecuted, sent to the concentration camps.– Gypsies also treated as badly as the Jews. 85% ofGerman gypsies were killed.– Mentally disabled were also killed.– Physically disabled were sterilised.– Anti-social elements, e.g. criminals, prostitutes,alcoholics, pacifists were all put into concentrationcamps.
  16. 16. EFFECTS OF NAZI RULE• Many people did benefit from Nazi rule and preferredthe stability offered by Nazi rule compared to theinstability of the Weimar Republic.• However, Nazi rule involved much persecution and rulethrough state terror and the loss of personal freedom.• Nazi rule also subjected the German people toindoctrination through propaganda and the various Naziorganisations such as the Hitler Youth.• Minorities were subject to persecution by the Nazis.• Nazi rule set Germany on a collision course with the restof the world in World War 2.

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