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Multiple Truths of the Semantic Web - Web Science 2013


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Presented at Web Science 2013 (Paris) workshop on Social Science Theory

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Multiple Truths of the Semantic Web - Web Science 2013

  1. 1. Multiple Truths of the Semantic Web Presented by: Kristine Gloria The Tetherless World Constellation Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY With thanks to co-authors Marco Fernando Navarro and Dominic DiFranzo as well as the extended RPI Tetherless World Team
  2. 2. Agenda 6 I. Foucault’s theorization of truth II. Why the Semantic Web? III. Future of social theory and scientific inquiry
  3. 3. Foucault’s Truth “‘Truth’ is linked in a circular relation with systems of power that produce and sustain it, and to effects of power which it induces and which extend it”. - Foucault, 1980
  4. 4. Shifting the discourse of the Semantic Web away from the technical to one that brings discourse into the Semantic Web as a “science”.
  5. 5. Why the Semantic Web? We asked: How the Semantic Web receives its relegation of truthfulness?
  6. 6. Truth and trust are key topics of interest in the Semantic Web. •Trust[1] & authority •Querying “fuzzy knowledge” [2] •Accountability •The approaches and theories are numerous indicating that object are not absolute and subject to a recasting of “connections” •What Foucault referred to as “dubious unities” [2] Simou, Nikolaos, Giorgos Stoilos, and Giorgos Stamou. "Storing and Querying Fuzzy Knowledge in the Semantic Web Using FiRE." Uncertainty Reasoning for the Semantic Web II. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2013. 158-176. [1] Golbeck, Jennifer, Hal Warren, and Eva Winer. "Making trusted attribute assertions online with the publish trust framework." Privacy, Security and Trust (PST), 2012 Tenth Annual International Conference on. IEEE, 2012.
  7. 7. We contend that while such technologies offer a more complete knowledge graph, it is not absolute, perfect, or consistent. photo credit: media slate, 2008
  8. 8. Instead, this “completeness” gives way to disagreements, different truths, facts and ideologies.
  9. 9. Multiple Truths Open World assumption & the Three As Principle help to create a digital platform where many truths (created by, interpreted, and maintained by many people) can co-exist together.
  10. 10. Questions? 6