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Workshop on Climate Resilience, Integrated Drought and Flood Management

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Workshop on Climate Resilience, Integrated Drought and Flood Management

  1. 1. Workshop 1 on Climate Resilience, Integrated Drought and Flood Management WATER AND DISASTER RISK REDUCTION – EXAMPLES FROM ACROSS THE GWP NETWORK Frederik PischkeGWP CP Meeting 27 June 2014
  2. 2. Agenda: 2 Introduction of the Associated Programme on Flood Management and the Integrated Drought Management Progamme Frederik Pischke, GWP Programme Officer based at WMO The Integrated Drought Management Programme in Central and Eastern Europe (IDMP CEE) Sabina Bokal, Project Manager IDMP CEE The Integrated Drought Management Programme in the Horn of Africa (IDMP HoA) Gerald Kairu, Project Manager IDMP HoA South Asian Drought Monitoring System (SA DMS) Lal Induruwage, WACREP Programme Manager, GWP SAS Mainstreaming Climate Risk Management in National Development Processes in the Caribbean Natalie Boodram, Programme Manager GWP Caribbean and Keith Nichols, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre Comments and Q&A Moderated by Torkil Jønch Clausen, GWP Senior Advisor break Reflections and introduction to questions Torkil Jønch Clausen, GWP Senior Advisor Addressing the questions Plenary moderated by Torkil Jønch Clausen, GWP Senior Advisor Consolidation and wrap up Maika Müller, GWP Programme Assistant and
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. Water and Climate Programme Thematic Strategy 1. Water and Climate Development Programme in the regions (WACDEP) 2. GWP/WMO Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP) 3. GWP/WMO Associated Programme on Flood Management (APFM) 4. Enabling Delta Life initiative OUR VEHICLES-
  5. 5. WACDEP: No/low regret investments Delta Initiative, APFM and IDMP as a resource 5
  6. 6. Enabling Delta Life initiative A GlobalProgramme of Action – Joint GWP and Delta Alliance The overall objective is to enhance climate resilience and strengthen the governance and adaptive management of deltas The programme aims to Increase knowledge on adaptive delta management in the GWP and Delta Alliance network Catalyse changes in specific deltas by creating actions and adaptation options at different scales, from local to global. 6
  7. 7. Programme development •Workshops to develop the initiative – Stockholm World Water Week 2012 and GWP Consulting Partners Meeting •Discussion paper following up on workshops and online discussions – March 2013 •Delta stakeholder consultation meetings in collaboration with GWP country water partnerships and Delta Alliance Wings – 2013 •Development of Global Programme of Action – 2014 7
  8. 8. Programme backbone •The programme follows the structure of the 8 GWP work packages with specific attention on:  Delta Vulnerability and Resilience Assessments  Toolbox for adaptive delta management  Delta Projects in Benin, Egypt, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Cambodia/Vietnam – developed through stakeholder consultations in collaboration with GWP Country Water Partnerships and Delta Alliance Wings 8
  9. 9. Example activities •Bangladesh: Building climate resilience in the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta by managing for effective water solutions • E.g. activity: Support the development of delta plan in Bangladesh •Benin: Support conditions improvement in the Ouémé delta to stimulate its development and to ensure its sustainable management • E.g. activity: Support enhanced stakeholder capacity in Ouémé delta •Egypt: Improve the capability of the farming community to deal with water stress in the Nile delta • E.g. activity: Support capacity building to deal with water stress in Nile delta •Myanmar: Vulnerability assessment and impacts of and adaptive solutions for salinity intrusion in the Ayeyarwady delta • E.g. activity: Support development of adaptation strategy for salinity intrusion in Myanmar •Cambodia and Vietnam: Improve climate resilience in the provincial Cambodia-Vietnam transboundary Mekong area • Support cooperation and knowledge sharing on water governance, agriculture and fisheries in Mekong delta 9
  10. 10. JOINT WMO-GWP PROGRAMME ENGAGING PARTNERS IDMP/APFM GWP Network: 13 Regional and 84 Country Water Partnerships GWP expertise in integrated approaches to water management (IWRM Toolbox) WMO expertise in developing guidance in managing climate extremes WMO Regional Climate Centres and Climate Outlook Fora WMO’s work with National HydroMet Services WMO helped establish GWPO Collaboration on the GFCS
  11. 11. GLOBAL FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE SERVICES 11 WORLD CLIMATE CONFERENCE - 3 Geneva, Switzerland 31 August–4 September 2009 GOAL: ENABLE BETTER MANAGEMENT OF THE RISKS OF CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND CHANGE AND ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE AT ALL LEVELS, THROUGH DEVELOPMENT AND INCORPORATION OF SCIENCE-BASED CLIMATE INFORMATION AND PREDICTION INTO PLANNING, POLICY AND PRACTICE.
  12. 12. GFCS PRIORITIES • AGRICULTURE • DISASTER RISK REDUCTION • WATER • HEALTH
  13. 13. The GWP/WMO Associated Programme on Flood Management (APFM)
  14. 14. Settling on floodplains has enormous advantages…
  15. 15. …but at the same time poses great risks
  16. 16. Traditional interventions of flood management  Emphasis on ‘Control’ rather than ‘Management’  River morphological behaviour is not factored  Structural measures generally disturb eco-system balance and give a false sense of security to people  Rather than mitigating flood risk we largely succeeded in only shifting them spatially & temporarily  Planned in isolation from other development issues and on local scales (local and partial solution)  Problem primarily addressed based on engineering solutions (monodisciplinary)  Comprehensive flood management policies are neglected policy issues  Non-structural measures:  weak coordination  poor communication strategies  limited or passive community participation
  17. 17. ◦ IFM integrates and mixes strategies ◦ Structural and Non-structural ◦ Short-term and Long-term ◦ Local and basin level measures ◦ Balances development needs and environmental concerns ◦ Addresses all aspects of Flood Management ◦ Scientific and Engineering ◦ Social Aspects ◦ Environmental Aspects ◦ Economic Aspects ◦ Legal and Institutional Aspects ◦ Adaptive Management Towards sustainable development
  18. 18. From defensive to pro-active approaches; From Ad-hoc to Integrated Flood Management Towards a culture of prevention by managing flood risk & living with floods; Balancing flood risk and achieving sustainable development needs; Change in decision making processes to include risk management approaches. Paradigm shift required
  19. 19. Mission “to support countries in the integrated management of floods within the overall framework of Integrated Water Resources Management.” Associated Programme on Flood Management (APFM) Joint Initiative between World Meteorological Organization and Global Water Partnership Technical Support Unit embedded in the Hydrology and Water Resources Branch (5 staff) Founded in 2001 Contributors USAID and Switzerland In-kind contribution from Germany
  20. 20. Activities of the APFM  Compilation of guidance and advisory tools  Capacity Building  Strategic advice on flood management through a HelpDesk • Developing training and advocacy material • Capacity building • Building a network of institutions supporting multi- disciplinary approach
  21. 21. APFM publications  Integrated Flood Management Concept Paper  Flood Management Policy Series  IFM Tools Series  Training manuals
  22. 22.  Formulating a Basin Flood Management Plan  Conducting Flood Loss Assessments  Applying Environmental Assessment for FM  Organizing Community Participation for FM  Reservoir Operations and Managed Flows  Urban Flood Risk Management  The Role of Land Use Planning in FM  Risk Sharing in Flood Management  Flood Management in a Changing Climate  IFM as an Adaptation Tool for Climate Change: case studies IFM Tool Series Guidance documents applying the IFM context  Flood Emergency Planning  Management of Sediment-related Risks  Conservation and Restoration of Rivers and Floodplains  Urban Flood Management in a Changing Climate  Flood Proofing  Management of Flash Floods  Coastal and Delta Flood Management  Transboundary Flood Management  Flood Forecasting and Early Warnings  Flood Mapping
  23. 23. The challenge What is needed? Identification of problems and gaps What is possible? presenting opportunities and existing capacities APFM provides: Vocational training (short training and workshops for different target groups) Specific topics and contact with experts: Integrated flood management, urban flood management, community-based approaches Development of National Strategies that apply the IFM concept Capacity development & training IFM for flood hazard mapping, Japan National strategy on IFM, Lao PDR
  24. 24. Integrated Flood Management HelpDesk No Disaster Assistance or Flood Emergency Response Functions !!!
  25. 25. HelpDesk Support Base institutes specialized in various disciplines relevant for IFM Technical input Beneficiaries Government agencies on various levels, CBOs, RBOs, Voluntary Organizations, Bi- and Multilateral Organizations, Universities Request for assistance, preparation of project proposal, supervision of technical implementation Mail to floodmanagement @wmo.int Integrated Flood Management HelpDesk
  26. 26. Support Base Partners Specialized institutes in various disciplines relevant for IFM http://www.floodmanagement.info
  27. 27. APFM and the GWP Network since mid-2013 - Developed Flood Management modules for WACDEP Capacity Development Programme - Coastal Flood Management capacity building and pilot project with GWP Vietnam - Coastal Flood Management capacity building and pilot project with GWP Bangladesh - Community flood management capacity building and pilot project with GWP Nepal - Support with Resource Person on Integrated Flood Management to ”Roundtable on Flood Control and Strategies of Floodplain Economic Development in the Downstream of Yellow River” organized by GWP Yellow River China - Integrated Flood Management capacity development and project development with GWP West Africa and CWPs of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal. - Offer to support Integrated Urban Water Management capacity development modules - Advice to GWP Caribbean on Pilot Project/ Publication on ”Advancing Ecological and Environmentally Friendly Approaches for Integrated Flood Management in Caribbean Island Watersheds” 27
  28. 28. Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP)
  29. 29. The Cycle of Disaster Management Source: Wilhite 2006
  30. 30. IDMP Approach 1. From reactive to proactive measures through drought mitigation, vulnerability reduction and preparedness; 2. To integrate the vertical planning and decision making processes at regional, national and community levels into a multi-stakeholder approach including key sectors, especially agriculture and energy; 3. To promote the evolution of the drought knowledge base and to establish a mechanism for sharing knowledge and providing services to stakeholders across sectors at all levels; 4. To build capacity of various stakeholders at different levels.
  31. 31. Engaging Partners • High interest at the global level IDMP Advisory Committee attended by 15 organizations • Exchange of letters with interested Organizations and defining activities of cooperation using the IDMP as a platform. • On development of IDMP Help Desk, IDMP will engage Support Based Partners (SBP) to respond to Help Desk requests • Partners will focus on technical area of mutual interest
  32. 32. Organization that confirmed their interest to participate in IDMP (Status June 2014) •Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) •United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) •Australian Bureau of Meteorology •Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) •International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) •International Commission for Irrigation and Drainage (ICID) •International Water Management Institute (IWMI) •Joint Research Centre (JRC) •Mexico’s National Water Commission (CONAGUA) •Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) •U.S. National Drought Mitigation Center (NDMC) •UNDP Cap-Net •United Nations Development Progamme (UNDP) •United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) •United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) •United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) •University of Nebraska Daugherty Water for Food Institute •University of Southern Queensland •UN-Water Decade Programme on Capacity Development •World Bank
  33. 33. Expected Outcomes IDMP The IDMP aims to add value and close the gaps with regard to: •Better scientific understanding of, and inputs for, drought management; •Improved knowledge base, with better access to information and products; •Capacity for drought risk assessment, monitoring, prediction and early warning; •Improved policy and planning for drought preparedness and mitigation across sectors; and •Drought risk reduction and response.
  34. 34. IDMP Components Governance and Partner Engagement Knowledge and Awareness Capacity Development Innovative Practices Integrated Drought Management at the Regional and National Level
  35. 35. IDMP CEE - Central and Eastern Europe IDMP HoA – Horn of Africa IDMP WA – West Africa
  36. 36. IDMP CEE - Central and Eastern Europe IDMP HoA – Horn of Africa IDMP WA – West Africa National Drought Mgmt. Policy Guidelines
  37. 37. National Drought Management Policy Guidelines • Response to need articulated at High- level Meeting on National Drought Policy (HMNDP) • Template that can be adapted to national realities and needs • Building on existing risk management capacities • Adapting of 10-step process by Don Wilhite (National Drought Mitigation Center at the University of Nebraska- Lincoln)
  38. 38. IDMP CEE - Central and Eastern Europe IDMP HoA – Horn of Africa IDMP WA – West Africa Drought Management HelpDesk National Drought Mgmt. Policy Guidelines
  39. 39. Planned: Drought Help Desk - Modelled on Integrated Flood Management HelpDesk (www.floodmanagement.info) - Entry point to contact IDMP - Get existing information (Find) on Integrated Drought Management - Request support (Ask for help) on Integrated Drought Management - Connect to activities/ other initiatives - To be launched with first availability in late 2014 - Will be web based and respond to specific requests
  40. 40. www.droughtmanagement.info
  41. 41. IDMP CEE - Central and Eastern Europe IDMP HoA – Horn of Africa IDMP WA – West Africa Drought Management HelpDesk National Drought Mgmt. Policy Guidelines South Asian Drought Monitor
  42. 42. IDMP CEE - Central and Eastern Europe IDMP HoA – Horn of Africa IDMP WA – West Africa Drought Mgmt. HelpDesk National Drought Mgmt. Policy Guidelines PRONACOSE Mexico South Asian Drought Monitor Planned: Drought indices in North Africa Planned: Overview of Drought Indices Capacity Building in Central America International Workshop Turkey Case Studies
  43. 43. frederik.pischke@gwp.org

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