WMO/GWP Integrated Drought Management Programme by Elena Mateescu
CONSULTING PARTNERS MEETING 2012 Workshop OneWMO/GWP Integrated Drought Management Programme (CEE component) Prof.dr Janusz Kindler – TF Leader, GWP Poland Dr. Elena Mateescu – GWP Romania Dr. Danka Thalmeinerova - GWPO
10 EU states 2 non-EUstates8 from Da-nube basinRegion: Cz, Sk,Hu, Sl, Ro, Bg,Mo, Ua4 from BalticSea Region :Pl, Lt, Lv, EE
Population of 152 million people, a quarter of all EuropeansTotal area, over 2.03 mill. km212 countries, 4 in the Baltic and 8 in the Danube regionsBaltic region: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and PolandDanube region: Bulgaria, Hungary, Czech Republic, Moldova,Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine
Introduction to drought management problemsIn the past few decades it has become evident that several European countries areaffected by droughts which are becoming more and more long lasting and severe.Regions in central and southern Europe which already suffer most from waterstress are projected to be particularly vulnerable to reductions in water resourcesdue to climate change. Observed changes in annual precipitation between 1961-2006 Source: EEA (2008)
CLIMATE CHANGE - PERSPECTIVES In Europe, a mean annual air temperature A 10...30% decrease of the annualincrease of 2...4,5 C is foreseen by the end of the precipitation amounts is estimated in thecentury, function of the scenarios of green house southern part of Europe, and even highergas emissions. values in the north are expected.(Source: IPCC SRES scenarios A2, EEA/2007) (IPCC 4AR, Working Group I, 2007).
Inception Report1. Summary (consolidation of various reports) on drought situation and the related risks2. Mapping current policies regarding drought monitoring and management3. Rationale for the IDMP: a cooperation of GWP and WMO4. National and regional GWP CEE component proposed for GWP/WMO IDMP Programme5. Conclusions and recommendations for the IDMP Initiative
Drought situation and related risks• Recent severe and prolonged droughts have highlighted CEE’s (especially the South-eastern parts of the region) vulnerability to this natural hazard that can have severe consequences on the people living in drought-prone areas through their impact on water scarcity, land degradation, agricultural production and human and ecosystems degradation.• Climate variability is high in the CEE region both temporally and spatially. In addition, climate change already amplifies the frequency and severity of droughts.• The most vulnerable sector to drought-related losses is the agriculture, but in the severe drought situation shortages, water supply to population and industry may also be affected.
Drought situation and related risks – national overview - Slovenia Hungary BulgariaAgricultural drought in summer 2003 Drought risk zones Annual precipitation (mm) Ukraine Romania Poland Crop yields in dry (2003) and non-dry (2008) years Areas affected by drought Spatial distribution of water deficit in 1992 year
Mapping current policies regarding drought monitoring and management• In the CEE countries, the policies of drought monitoring and management are needed due to the regional/local character of drought phenomenon: • for improvement and better coordination of national policies regarding the preparedness and drought impact mitigation; • for the development of an integrated approach based on common methodologies and vulnerability assessments of various sectors to drought occurrence, spatial extension, intensity and duration.• The drought monitoring is based especially on: • meteorological and hydrological observation systems; • agro-meteorological measurements and drought warning systems.• All countries of the CEE region need to improve their both short-term and long-term responses across sectors to meteorological, agricultural and hydrological droughts.
Rationale for the Integrated Drought Management ProgrammeThe GWP CEE recognizes the important issue of serious eco-socialproblems caused by drought and wants to contribute to the IntegratedDrought Management Programme (IDMP) of WMO/GWP.At the Consultation Meeting on the proposed IDMP held at WMO inGeneva, November 2010 the participants unanimously agreed to thefollowing principles:1. Proactive approaches must have priority over reactive approaches2. Definition of drought risk: Risk = Hazard * Vulnerability.3. Drought hazard can be recognized by scientific analysis4. There is a necessity of horizontal and vertical integration over all sectors impacted by drought.Consultations continue: June 2012, Geneva
National and regional GWP CEE component proposed for IDMP ProgrammeFour categories of national and regional GWP CEE initiatives are proposed for IDMP:1. Drought preparedness measures (investment and non-investment measures, like forexample drought insurance systems);2. Enhancement (and/or development) of drought monitoring and early warning systems;3. Development of capacity building programs for water managers and farmers;4. Development of case studies to document good practices in application of integrateddrought management• including transboundary basins,• including land and water management according with UNCCD recommended practices to avoid desertification
ConclusionsThe outputs of IDMP initiative are:1. Knowledge base on recorded practices in drought planning and management;2. Guidance on tools and institutional arrangements to support increased risk responses;3. Advocacy through regional and country dialogues;4. Improved early drought warning services, building upon existing regional initiatives.
Going step by step:• Regional workshop: – To consult with the key stakeholders main features of the IDM Programme (such as: DMCSEE, the European Drought Centre (EDC), national secretariats of UNCCD of all CEE countries , UNECE and its Task Force on Climate Change Adaptation) – To seek an appropriate mechanism and cooperation with agriculture sector at national levels;• Need to consider: – How to utilize a program potential to replicate this initiative in other signatory UNECE countries (specifically those in Med, Central Asia and Caucasus, where GWP has also its partners).• Integrated Drought Management Platform : – a web-based tool to share information – roadmap to implement regional approaches and action plans – mutual exchange of knowledge & methodologies, and downscaling products in order to support national level drought policies and planning processes
From GWP CEE Workplan 2012………. In addition to Mapping study and Regional Workshop…..GWP CEE willImplementation of the regional study on “Increasing soil water holding capacity; anexample of best practice in drought mitigation”. This study was proposed by CWPSlovakia and deals with measures to increase soil water holding capacity as keyattribute of soil quality. The target group is agriculture sector and the estimatedbudget of the project is 15,000 EUR.