Land use planning as an important component of IWRM plans by Prof. RNDr. László Miklós, DrSc. Technical University in Zvolen, Slovakia
Land use planning as an importantcomponent of IWRM plans Prof. RNDr. László Miklós, DrSc. Technical University in Zvolen, Slovakia firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
Content 1. Integration and integrated approach: basic questions 2. Institutional tools for integrated management in Slovakia 3. Integration in planning processes 4. Key messages and opportunities
1. Integration, integrated approach: the basic questions
Integration, integrated approach:the basic questionsThe Command of the present days,but at the same time a fashion, a favorite theme for politiciansDoes everybody know, what is it about?
Integrated approach: Why?There is a scientific evidence:• The nature/landscape is an integrated system (geo-system)• All changes on one single element of this system cause changes on all other elements
We need to understand that• When you apply a good management for the watershed protection, you protect at the same time the biodiversity, the soil erosion, the water pollution from agriculture, the microclimate for conservation, you protect the erosion of the soil, the biodiversity.• When you apply a wrong management for the soil, you harm the water, the biota, etc.The pressure of science: The integrated management is needed for a complex care of ecosystems
Agenda 21, Chapter 10:Integrated approach to the management of land resourcesThere is only one landscape in the same space – it is to be accepted by each sector.Therefore an integrated approach is needed for its use.
Integrated approach: the object • landscape • geosystem • ecosystem • watershed • territory • region • environment • THE SPACEA material reality! The terms are only words!
What is the integration in the watershedmanagement? (A water manager ´s approach)Water managers: more administrative approach: complex approach to both the surface and groundwater Of course ! Nothing new. solving problems in the whole hydrological watershed Of course ! Nothing new. involving all stakeholders and the public to solve the problems A new element of democracies!
What is the integration in the watershedmanagement? (An ecologist`s approach)The ecologists criticize that the water managers concentrate on water, not to the vessel = the landscape, where the water occures!Landscape ecologists: scientific approachIntegration of all activities on the whole watershed !
The object for integration?The the geosystem as a whole! Not its single elements!
Integrated approach: what to integrate?What is possible to integrate? ? natural bodies – not possible ? land use form – not possible – all the forests, fields, constructions, industry, transport require the territory ? land use mode - limited ? physical management - limited – different sectors, owners, users
Integrated approach: what to integrate? The approach (a theorethical issue) – the policies The use of similar argumentation and criteria for decision. The integrated information system on the landscape - should be the same for each sector - based on GIS (INSPIRE) The management tools = The tools of organisation of the territory – the process chain of:planning > projecting > regulation > control
2. Institutional tools for integrated management in Slovakia The tools for spatial planning
Tools for spatial organisation = tools for integrated management Competency of the Ministry of environment: OP Nature conservation (territorial), NATURA 2000 KP Landscape-ecological planning (?), econet planning IMP Management of the watersheds FP Flood protection IPPC - Integrated prevention and pollution control Competency of other ministries: ÚPN Territorial planning (M of Development / Ministry of Environment) PPÚ Agricultural land arrangement (Ministry of Agriculture) LHP Forest management planning (Ministry of Agriculture)
Agenda 21, Chapter 10:Integrated approach to the management of land resourcesIntegrated management of the natural resources: the goalIntegrated physical planning and management must act as a frame and basement for each sectoral plan.
Agenda 21, Chapter 10:Integrated approach to the management of land resources“Government on the appropriate level … should:Adopt planning and management systems that facilitate the integration of environmental components such as air, water, land and other natural resources, using landscape ecological planning (LANDEP) or other approaches that focus on, for example, ecosystem or a watershed.”).
Integrated planning and management:An integrated plan =a frame plan on the optimal organisation and utilisation of the territory for all sectors and for the whole territory = What, where, how ?
Basic problems of integrated and sectoral aproaches - Sectoral approach is very strong and prevailing - Resistance of the sectors (officers in the sectors) to be integrated under any over-sectoral concept/ planning/ decision-making process - Resistance of the sectoral plans (planners and designers) to accept the nature and landscape limitations as obligatory regulations - Resistance of the public and municipal authorities to the limits and obligations in favor of nature, landscape and the environment - Pressure of interest groups to decide in their favor Different understanding of the concept of integration (rarely as the integrative decision on the use of whole landscape for each sector)
3. Integration in planning processes Case of Slovakia
The Act 7/2010 Z.z. on Flood Protection prescribes: The Landscape-ecological base of the integrated management of the landscape = the integrated information system Preventive measures for flood protection The measures slowing the run-off, increase the retention, natural accumulation. The key element for integration: the Territorial System of Ecological Stability TSES = bicorridors, biocentres, eco-stabilising measures The measures act as obligatory regulatives in territorial plans
Provisions of the Act 7/2010 Z.z. on Flood Protection§ 9 Coordination of the plan of the management of flood risk with thewatershed management plan and with the other spatial planning land arrangement plan of the flood projects, risk management shall be coordinated territorial plans watershed with the management plan forest management plans;They alltogether will constitute the tool of integrated landscape management on the whole territory of the watershed.
Scheme of the sequence in the integrated landscape management Integrated landscape management Integrated management of the Integrated watersheds management of the National Water plan protected area Territorial Watershed management planning Land Management of the arrangement Forrest flood risk plans Landscape planning TSES INTEGRATED SPATIAL INFORMATION SYSTEM = basement for the integrated landscape management GIS based Atlas-es, Catalogues (INSPIRE) Geoecosystems = Landscape-ecological complexes Abiocomplexes Abiocomplexes Biocomplexes Socio-economic compexes
Provisions of AGENDA 21• Unified complex information system based on GIS• Landscape plans as legal, obligatory framework and obligatory measure for each sectoral plan including for water management plans.
Where and how to use the land? What, where and how?
There is still a lot of work for all of us!!!Thank you for your attention!