IWRM and evolution of ToolBox by Danka J. Thalmeinerova
IWRM and evolution of ToolBox Danka J. Thalmeinerova
It has started in Dublin..... Water use Water management Water resources management Integrated water resources management1992, Dublin: International Conference of Ministers forWater and Environment 2012, Rio de Janniero: re-confirmed IWRM (now called adaptive WRM....)
Why has IWRM been popular • Achieving MDGs Addressing recurrent water- related problem hampering national development—such as reducing vulnerability to droughts and floods
Why has IWRM been popular • Remedying unsustainable situations and mitigating environmental costs of past policies. Sharing transboundary water resources
Progress (reported to Johannesburg, Rio Summits) • Some countries have made good progress towards meeting the target. • But many more need to accelerate their efforts. Good progress Some progress Just beginning.
Why has progress not been greater?Uncertainty over: – What IWRM means and how it contributes to sustainable social and economic development – What an IWRM strategy is and its role in water reform – How to go about developing a strategy New challenge: Climate Change Is IWRM a last year fashion?
Providing some guidance• The GWP handbook – Purpose: To provide countries with the tools and knowledge they need to act on the WSSD action target in the way that is most useful for them.
IWRM definition IWRM is a process which promotes the coordinated development and management of water, land and related resources, in order to maximize the resultant economic and social welfare in an equitable manner without compromising the sustainability of vital ecosystems. GWP, TEC Background Paper No. 4: Integrated Water Resources Management
....from that time, many IWRM knowledge produced by many.....Lessons learnt - captured in GWP publications
Not just about physical resourcesIWRM is not just about more efficient management ofphysical resources (land, water, forests, fisheries,livestock)……it is also about reforming human systems to enablepeople—women as well as men—to reap sustainable andequitable benefits from those resources.
Risks of fully sectoral approach Overlooking negative impacts on environment and other sectors Inefficient use of resources—natural and financial
Risks of fully integrated approach Getting mired in complexity. Not making good use of specialist expertise.
Finding a balance Each country needs to decide where integration makes sense based on its Integrated social, political and Sectoral approach hydrological approach situation.
The basics of integration When putting IWRM into practice it is important to think about where and to what degree coordination and new management instruments are necessary.
Link to other strategies and plans• An IWRM strategy should link to relevant national and regional plans and strategies.Examples: – National strategies to meet Millennium Development Goals – Country poverty reduction strategy papers (PRSPs) – National Five Year Plans or Sustainable Development Strategies – National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans – National Plans to Combat Desertification – National Plans on women’s development and empowerment
Integrated Water Resources Management concept is• an empirical concept which is built up from the on-the-ground experience of practitioners,• a flexible approach to water management that can adapt to diverse national and local contexts,• thus it is not a scientific theory that needs to be proved or disproved by scholars. How can this be translated into education curricula?
How can this all be translated into education curricula?
Challenge in GWPPicture from V.Pangare: Global Perspectives on IWRM, 2006
Activities in SAF• Project: Unpacking the IWRM ToolBox using the Lower Manyame IWRM Demonstration Project – Lessons learned in developing IWRM Plan – Discussion how each tool is applied in the IWRM plan – Publication disseminated to other basins• ToolBox training for WaterNet students – Regular training for MSc IWRM students
Application of GWP ToolBox in national water planning• ToolBox used in Eritrea, Malawi, Ethiopia and Zambia (PAWD initiative) – as a reference source to improve water governance – as a framework for analysis of the water resources situation
• Training manual for Water practitioners in Mekong River Basin – Using ToolBox structure and materials