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Presented by Prof. Dr. Khin Ni Ni Thein, GWP SC Member
Secretary, Expert Group of NWRC and
Member, National Water Resource...
Figure 2. Map showing river basin of MyanmarMap showing river basin of Myanmar
Source: U Win Kyaw, WWD 2014, Myanmar, 19 M...
Potential Water Resources in Myanmar
River
Basin
Number
Name of the River Basin
Drainage
area
(1000 * km2)
Surface water
(...
Water sector profile in Myanmar
 Myanmar became permanent member of ICID since 1982 and MCID was
established in 2001.
 M...
Present water use situation
The total utilization of nation’s water at present is about 56 km³
and that is only 5% of tota...
Electrification Ratio in Myanmar
 Population 59.78 million
 Number of Households 8.92 million
 Electrified Households 2...
The present status of power generation in Myanmar
Installed Capacity in Year 2013
Grid System Isolated Total %
MW MW MW
Hy...
National Energy Program in Myanmar
2001-2031
 2006 3186 MW
 2011 8620 MW
 2016 11154 MW
 2021 12076 MW
 2026 17202 MW...
Japanese Professors visited Myanmar to apply
PUB in Ayeyarwady River Basin
PUB = Prediction of Ungagged Basins
2006
South-East Asian Regional TOT on River Basin
Management
Yangon, 2010
Ayeyarwady River Basin Research Organization
ARBRO was established in 2012
&
became a member of NARBO in the same year.
About ARBRO
 Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) is
recognized by many as the paradigm for establishing good
wat...
Key Dimensions
1) Household Water Security
2) Economic Water Security
3) Urban Water Security
4) Environmental Water Secur...
Physical characteristics
 The Irrawaddy River flows through the heartlands
of Myanmar.
 The river’s basin is 413,674 squ...
The
The Water & Energy Nexus
 Water is life system – vital to peoples, nature, ecosystem,
economy and sustainable develop...
Water Mothers in Myanmar
• Water Mothers play an important role in capacity building
on water, environment and community p...
National Water Resources Committee was established by the
Presidential Decree on 25 July 2013
Expert Group was also establ...
The Weather Nexus
 Food, water, energy, and
health form a nexus of
interrelated factors.
 Food supply and creeping
deman...
Important Developments in Myanmar
(Contd.)
 Myanmar’s new national development policy is Green Economy and
Green Growth
...
Suggested Flagship Initiatives for
GWP in SEA and Myanmar
Climate Change Adaptation
&
Sustainable Groundwater
Management
Thank you for your time and
attention
GWP on the Ground - the Myanmar Case_21 March 2014 Tokyo
GWP on the Ground - the Myanmar Case_21 March 2014 Tokyo
GWP on the Ground - the Myanmar Case_21 March 2014 Tokyo
GWP on the Ground - the Myanmar Case_21 March 2014 Tokyo
GWP on the Ground - the Myanmar Case_21 March 2014 Tokyo
GWP on the Ground - the Myanmar Case_21 March 2014 Tokyo
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GWP on the Ground - the Myanmar Case_21 March 2014 Tokyo

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Presentation made by Prof. Dr. Khin Ni Ni Thein, GWP Steering Committee Member at the occasion the launch of the GWP Towards 2020 Strategy. World Water Day 2014 in Tokyo, Japan.

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GWP on the Ground - the Myanmar Case_21 March 2014 Tokyo

  1. 1. Presented by Prof. Dr. Khin Ni Ni Thein, GWP SC Member Secretary, Expert Group of NWRC and Member, National Water Resources Committee (NWRC), Myanmar GWP Strategy Launch @ The World Water Day 2014 Celebration United Nations University, Tokyo, Japan 21 Mar 2014
  2. 2. Figure 2. Map showing river basin of MyanmarMap showing river basin of Myanmar Source: U Win Kyaw, WWD 2014, Myanmar, 19 Mar 2014)
  3. 3. Potential Water Resources in Myanmar River Basin Number Name of the River Basin Drainage area (1000 * km2) Surface water (km3) Ground water (km3) I Chindwin 115.3 141.293 57.578 II Upper Ayeyarwady 193.3 227.920 92.599 III Lower Ayeyarwady 95.6 85.800 153.249 IV Sittoung 48.1 81.148 28.402 V Rakhine State 58.3 139.245 41.774 VI Taninthari Division 40.6 130.927 39.278 VII Thanlwin 158.0 257.918 74.779 VIII Mekong 28.6 17.634 7.054 Total 737.8 1081.885 494.713 Source: U Win Kyaw, WWD 2014, Myanmar, 19 Mar 2014)
  4. 4. Water sector profile in Myanmar  Myanmar became permanent member of ICID since 1982 and MCID was established in 2001.  Myanmar water vision was developed in 2003  Established IHP (International Hydrology Program) in 2003.  Strategic Planning and Management (SPM) of IWRM in Myanmar was also formulated in 2004.  National Water Resources Committee (NWRC) was formed in 2013 as a apex body for water sector.  Forming Myanmar Commission on Large Dam (MmCOLD) is under going  Myanmar Water Partnership (MmWP) is at present in interim stage and joined GWP-SEA Region since 1999. Focal Department is ID,MOAI and comprises 17 water related departments as country Water Partnership. Source: U Win Kyaw, WWD 2014, Myanmar, 19 Mar 2014)
  5. 5. Present water use situation The total utilization of nation’s water at present is about 56 km³ and that is only 5% of total potential. 91% 6% 3% Agricultural Sector Domestic Water Use Industrial Use Source: U Win Kyaw, WWD 2014, Myanmar, 19 Mar 2014)
  6. 6. Electrification Ratio in Myanmar  Population 59.78 million  Number of Households 8.92 million  Electrified Households 2.575 million  Electrified Percentage 28.86 % (Source, 2nd Myanmar Power Summit, MOEP) For the worldwide People without access to safe drinking water 783 million People without access to sanitation 2.5 billion Source, WHO/UNICEF, 2012 People still lack access to electricity over 1.3 billion (most of them in Africa and East-Asia) Source, IEA Source: U Win Kyaw, WWD 2014, Myanmar, 19 Mar 2014)
  7. 7. The present status of power generation in Myanmar Installed Capacity in Year 2013 Grid System Isolated Total % MW MW MW Hydroelectric 2780 33 2813 70.13 Gas 996 - 996 24.83 Coal 120 - 120 2.99 Diesel - 78 78 1.93 Biomass - 5 5 0.12 Total 3896 116 4012 100.00 Remark- 521 MW export to China Source, 2nd Myanmar Power Summit , MOEP
  8. 8. National Energy Program in Myanmar 2001-2031  2006 3186 MW  2011 8620 MW  2016 11154 MW  2021 12076 MW  2026 17202 MW  2031 23324 MW  Hydropower potential in Myanmar is estimated as 46099 MW Source: U Win Kyaw, WWD 2014, Myanmar, 19 Mar 2014)
  9. 9. Japanese Professors visited Myanmar to apply PUB in Ayeyarwady River Basin PUB = Prediction of Ungagged Basins 2006
  10. 10. South-East Asian Regional TOT on River Basin Management Yangon, 2010
  11. 11. Ayeyarwady River Basin Research Organization ARBRO was established in 2012 & became a member of NARBO in the same year.
  12. 12. About ARBRO  Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) is recognized by many as the paradigm for establishing good water governance and putting water resources on the recovery path.  The Ayeyarwaddy River Basin Research Organizations (ARBRO) was established in mid 2012 to share knowledge and build capacity for IWRM in Ayeyarwaddy River Basin and other three major basins in Myanmar.  4 Major River Basins in Myanmar are: Ayeyarwaddy, Chindwin, Sittaung and Thanlwin.
  13. 13. Key Dimensions 1) Household Water Security 2) Economic Water Security 3) Urban Water Security 4) Environmental Water Security 5) Resilience to Water-Related Disasters 6) Planning for Irrawaddy River Basin Rehabilitation
  14. 14. Physical characteristics  The Irrawaddy River flows through the heartlands of Myanmar.  The river’s basin is 413,674 square kilometers.  It covers a remarkable 61% of Burma’s total area.  Approximately 2,170 kilometers long.  It is the most important commercial waterway of the country.
  15. 15. The The Water & Energy Nexus  Water is life system – vital to peoples, nature, ecosystem, economy and sustainable development.  Water is a finite resource - we should appropriately use and protect - mismanagement and lack of appropriate measure for sustainable utilization will ultimately result to major crisis, such as water-related civil war!  Water is a building block for the Green Economy! Investments in safe drinking water and sanitation are a path to economic growth. For each $1 invested, the World Health Organization estimates returns of $3-$34, depending on the region and technology. Industrial zones could not function without Water and Energy Water in other forms are Food and Energy!
  16. 16. Water Mothers in Myanmar • Water Mothers play an important role in capacity building on water, environment and community participation • Working with International Partners: Women for Water Partnership and Soroptimist International as its anchors in UN-ECOSOC • Actively contributing at all levels: local, national regional and international • It is growing everyday: voluntary participation of women from all walks of life Involve in water resources development and management RAINWATER HARVESTING NATIONAL CAMPAIGN
  17. 17. National Water Resources Committee was established by the Presidential Decree on 25 July 2013 Expert Group was also established in order to support the NWRC Myanmar National Water Policy has been published recently National water frame work directive has been drafted and in the process of finalizing the water law Water quality standards will be issued within three months National IWRM strategy drafting is also ongoing supported by the Dutch Government Important Developments in Myanmar
  18. 18. The Weather Nexus  Food, water, energy, and health form a nexus of interrelated factors.  Food supply and creeping demand close to each other.  A crisis will hit in a weather nexus when several major crop regions have a down year at once.
  19. 19. Important Developments in Myanmar (Contd.)  Myanmar’s new national development policy is Green Economy and Green Growth  Government of Myanmar promotes and encourage to apply the Integrated Water Resources Management approach in Myanmar  Hydroinformatics Center has been established to help establish decision support systems with peoples participation and efficiency  We have celebrated the World Water Day 2014 on “19 Mar 2014” at the Myanmar Engineering Society, Yangon - the first ever multi- stakeholders event led by the National Water Resources Committee and the Government Ministries cooperated by NGOs, Universities and Private Sector. Financial support came from the Ministry of Transport and the Local and International Water Companies.
  20. 20. Suggested Flagship Initiatives for GWP in SEA and Myanmar Climate Change Adaptation & Sustainable Groundwater Management
  21. 21. Thank you for your time and attention

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