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Land  and  water linkages: Making space for water GWP Consulting Partners  M eeting Clarion Hotel , Stockholm,  18 August ...
Contents <ul><li>Bodrog River </li></ul><ul><li>Making Space for Water project </li></ul><ul><li>Project objective </li></...
What is this case about? <ul><li>It is about a cooperation between water managers, nature protection guards and farmers to...
Bodrog River <ul><li>Transboundary river shared by Slovakia and Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture land (including Toka...
Bodrog River
Bodrog River
 
Problems and challenges in Bodrog Basin <ul><li>Intensive agriculture production in the past impacted the environmental ec...
Making  S pace for  W ater <ul><li>Supported by UNDP/GEF via International Commission for the protection of Danube River (...
Objective <ul><li>Mitigate consequences of floods  through  integrated management of flood risk  in Bodrog River catchment...
Results <ul><li>Improvement of original floodplains and wetlands  conditions ,  affected by current land uses  (agricultur...
Pilot project - Hungary <ul><li>Objective : Improvement of conditions of protected plants and birds in Tokaj-Bodrog corner...
Pilot project - Hungary
Pilot project - Slovakia <ul><li>Location:  Senné depression bisected by the Čierna Voda River, a tributary of the Laborec...
Drainage canal system Location   of  reconstructed  flood gates
Water gate before reconstruction
Water gate reconstruction
Lessons learned <ul><li>Success of demonstration projects relies on  long-term commitment  and work with local stakeholder...
Lessons learned  - con ’ t <ul><li>Implementation was a great opportunity to  involve agriculture sector  into river basin...
Resources This project was conducted by GWP Slovakia in cooperation with GWP Hungary and GWP Ukraine and is documented in ...
Thank you for your attention Photo and map credits: Bodrog  P roject , Civertan
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Land and water linkages - Workshop 3 - CP meeting Day 1

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Land and water linkages - Workshop 3 - CP meeting Day 1

  1. 1. Land and water linkages: Making space for water GWP Consulting Partners M eeting Clarion Hotel , Stockholm, 18 August 2011 Dr. Richard Müller
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Bodrog River </li></ul><ul><li>Making Space for Water project </li></ul><ul><li>Project objective </li></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot project in Hungary and Slovakia </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons learned </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is this case about? <ul><li>It is about a cooperation between water managers, nature protection guards and farmers to manage land and water in integrated way </li></ul><ul><li>It is about changing agriculture practices to achieve resilience to flood disasters </li></ul><ul><li>It is about a local case for better land and water management </li></ul><ul><li>It is not about food security </li></ul>
  4. 4. Bodrog River <ul><li>Transboundary river shared by Slovakia and Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture land (including Tokaj-Hegyalja wine region), many small settlements </li></ul><ul><li>Upper basin heavily drained for flood protection and agriculture production </li></ul><ul><li>First water cooperatives date back as far as year 1880 </li></ul><ul><li>Complex water management measures started in 1958 comprising 4 retention reservoirs, 453 km of dikes, 28 pumping stations, and 522 km of drainage canals </li></ul><ul><li>Irrigation and drainage infrastructure is in poor condition </li></ul>
  5. 5. Bodrog River
  6. 6. Bodrog River
  7. 8. Problems and challenges in Bodrog Basin <ul><li>Intensive agriculture production in the past impacted the environmental ecosystem quality </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture sector practices contribute to erosion and increased vulnerability of area to floods </li></ul><ul><li>Property rights changes (expropriation and restitution) made difficult to implement structural and non-structural measures </li></ul><ul><li>Harmful subsidies to farmers applied </li></ul><ul><li>Compensation (environmentally friendly) measures do not work properly </li></ul><ul><li>Economic and social conditions in this region are not favorable to “environmental concerns” </li></ul>
  8. 9. Making S pace for W ater <ul><li>Supported by UNDP/GEF via International Commission for the protection of Danube River (ICPDR) </li></ul><ul><li>Component UNDP/GEF Tisza MSP Integrating multiple benefits of wetlands and floodplains into improved transboundary management for the Tisza River Basin </li></ul><ul><li>Project duration: April 2009 - April 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>GWP Slovakia (team leader) together with GWP Hungary, GWP Ukraine facilitated its partners (VITUKI, EKOVIZIG (Hungary) and Zakarpattya Oblast branch of all Ukrainian Ecological League (Ukraine) </li></ul>
  9. 10. Objective <ul><li>Mitigate consequences of floods through integrated management of flood risk in Bodrog River catchment countries (Hungary, Slovakia and Ukraine) by creating partnerships at national and local levels </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships is sectors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fishery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water management </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Results <ul><li>Improvement of original floodplains and wetlands conditions , affected by current land uses (agriculture) and environmentally inappropriate flood protection measures </li></ul><ul><li>Formulation of the “ Strategy for mitigation of floods for Bodrog River Basin countries ” </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination of project results to achieve replication on the basin and national levels </li></ul>
  11. 12. Pilot project - Hungary <ul><li>Objective : Improvement of conditions of protected plants and birds in Tokaj-Bodrog corner of Landscape Protection District </li></ul><ul><li>Activities : Renovation of the existing sluice at the Bodrog corner trunk conjunction and construction of a new sluice at the mouth of the oxbow </li></ul><ul><li>Results : water is retained in the Viss Oxbow after floods. Water supply of Tokaj-Bodrog Landscape P rotection District will be ensured in dry periods </li></ul>
  12. 13. Pilot project - Hungary
  13. 14. Pilot project - Slovakia <ul><li>Location: Senné depression bisected by the Čierna Voda River, a tributary of the Laborec River </li></ul><ul><li>Objective: Restoration of intensively drained floodplains and establishment of measures to retain water during floods </li></ul><ul><li>Activities: Reconstruction of existing floodgate to bring clean water to fields and ponds (a q uaculture) </li></ul><ul><li>Results: Water supply to wetlands during dry period and flood protection during floods. Conditions of National Nature Reserve Sennianske P onds w ill be improved </li></ul>
  14. 15. Drainage canal system Location of reconstructed flood gates
  15. 16. Water gate before reconstruction
  16. 17. Water gate reconstruction
  17. 18. Lessons learned <ul><li>Success of demonstration projects relies on long-term commitment and work with local stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Practical examples chang e mindsets of farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Early involvement of local stakeholders in the design process of technical measures help s to reach consensus and obtain necessary permits </li></ul><ul><li>Unsettled land ownership and subsidies discourage farmers from land use change </li></ul><ul><li>Low-cost and effective solutions for flood prevention are readily available </li></ul>
  18. 19. Lessons learned - con ’ t <ul><li>Implementation was a great opportunity to involve agriculture sector into river basin management planning </li></ul><ul><li>Top down : introduction of approaches applied in the Tisza River Basin into the sub-river basin scale </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom up : stakeholder workshops and meetings made links with Tisza River Basin Management Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Implemented measures to improve habitats conditions - water regime and water quality, nutrient retention and/or removal can be replicated in other sub-river basins </li></ul>
  19. 20. Resources This project was conducted by GWP Slovakia in cooperation with GWP Hungary and GWP Ukraine and is documented in GWP ToolBox http://www.gwptoolbox.org/index.php?option=com_case&id=288 This project was financed by GEF/UNDP and is also documented in IW:LEARN database http://archive.iwlearn.net/www.icpdr.org/www.icpdr.org/icpdr-pages/bodrog_kick_off_meeting.htm
  20. 21. Thank you for your attention Photo and map credits: Bodrog P roject , Civertan

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